Johann Gutenberg And The Impact Of The Printing Press

3046 words - 12 pages

“Johann Gutenberg and the Impact of the Printing Press”
Johann Gutenberg is credited for the invention of the printing press, a monumental advancement in technology that changed the world forever. It has been regarded as, “one of the most important inventions in the history of humankind.” What was once a tedious process, became a fast, easy, and cheap way to produce great quantities of books. It granted public access to a wealth of knowledge never seen before. Rapid spread of ideas was the catalyst of social and cultural revolutions, the consequences of which are still apparent today. The printing press can be thought of as the internet of the 15th century, a facilitative mechanism of social, economic, scientific, and religious. Hypothetically speaking, if the printing press was never invented, it is possible that there would be no Renaissance, religious reformation, or scientific and intellectual revolution, and thus there wouldn’t be a modern world as we know it.
Before the implications of the printing press can be understood, it is important to consider what life was like before the printing revolution. All writing and illustrations were the work of an individual slaving over the text to write it by hand. Not just any old peasant could do the tedious work of a scribe, most of them lived and worked in monasteries, where they would silently and diligently copy the text with utmost precision. Since transcribing was such a cumbersome task, books were generally owned by monasteries, educational institutions, and well-to-do aristocrats. If a family was lucky enough to have owned a book, it would have most likely been a bible, for religious texts were most commonly transcribed.
Although transcription of texts by scribes was the mode of producing books, rudimentary systems and parts of the printing press already existed at that time. The press itself, which is often incorrectly attributed to Gutenberg, was already in use in the process of making wine and olive oil. Paper too had been in circulation for about a hundred years. Indeed, the printing press had already surfaced in China, Korea, and Japan. These countries employed wooden blocks for printing, albeit the unduly number of characters rendered the process nearly futile and very expensive.
If the printing press was already in use, the remaining question is what exactly did Gutenberg invent. Although there is variation amongst scholars, Gutenberg is considered to be responsible for incorporating five tools into one master machine; paper, a movable type, metallurgy, presses, and inks. The challenge lay in how to piece it together. His solution was to adapt a wine press that employed movable blocks covered in ink. The press transferred the ink from the blocks to the paper. To make the block, he used a punch to create an impression in a metal, poured liquefied lead into the furrow, and removed the outer cast, leaving a single letter. In contrast to the Chinese model, he employed metal blocks...

Find Another Essay On Johann Gutenberg and the Impact of the Printing Press

How the Developement of the Printing Press Had an Enormous Impact in Europe in the Middle Ages, and Later Translated into a Paradigm That Would Change the World Forever

812 words - 3 pages similar origin and both have contributed to paradigm shifts that have revolutionized humankind.Perhaps one of the greatest advances in human communication was the result of a paradigm shift that arose in the mid-fifteenth century. The development of the printing press, by Johann Gutenberg, profoundly changed the global culture and had a direct affect on the scientific revolution. Johann Gutenberg's invention of movable type inspired the making of

The Gutenberg Press Essay

1661 words - 7 pages Gutenberg’s printing press was one of the most important inventions of the renaissance, as it has had a major impact on both the Renaissance and todays world of printing. The Gutenberg Press, impacted the renaissance by, making books and information easier and cheaper to reproduce and print, spreading more information easier and faster to vast audiences eager for new information, helping advance science and technology, and also by helping the

The Importance of the Printing Press to the Development of the Reformation

708 words - 3 pages The Importance of the Printing Press to the Development of the Reformation Both contemporaries and historians acknowledge that the printing press was significant in the spread of ideas of the Reformation. It has been argued by Elizabeth Eisenstein that printing did not just spread Protestant ideas but helped to shape the Reformation in the first place 'Printing was a cause of religious changes, and not simply a

The facts and history surrrounding the printing press and its creation. 889 words

892 words - 4 pages , books were soon produced in common European languages, leading to the decline of the Latin language. This was all great business for Guttenberg and publicity for his invention so he was able to bring his work to new levels. Soon the printing press had become a standard in Europe and began spreading throughout the world. People then began making innovations allowing faster printing and larger volumes.While the Gutenberg press was much more

The development of the printing press was the most significant cause of the Reformation.

972 words - 4 pages The Reformation started in 1517, when Martin Luther began his protests against indulgences and then against the Roman Catholic Church. It was a time of immense change within Europe. There were many causes that contributed towards the Reformation, such as, the printing press and the state of the Church and they are all of some significance.The first factor that contributed towards the Reformation was the development of the printing press. In the

The Expansion of 3D Printing

1458 words - 6 pages Until recently, 3D printing was only utilized by product designers and hobbyists working primarily with plastics and was not available to the mass market. With the recent price drop of 3D printers and availability of 3D printing materials, the popularity of 3D printing has dramatically increased in the last couple of years. It has been estimated that 3D printing could generate an economic impact of $230 billion to $550 billion per year by 2025

Freedom of the Press

5629 words - 23 pages Times v. United States (1971) These disclosures may have a serious impact. But that is no basis for sanctioning a previous restraint on the press. . . . The dominant purpose of the First Amendment was to prohibit the widespread practice of governmental suppression of embarrassing information. A debate of large proportions goes on in the Nation over our posture in Vietnam. Open debate and discussion of public issues are vital to our national

The history, now and future of 3D printing

786 words - 3 pages , designers create models using computer-aided design (CAD) software, and then machines follow that software model to determine how to construct the object. The process of building that object by "printing" its cross-sections layer by layer became known as 3-D printing.The earliest development of 3-D printing technologies happened at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and at a company called 3D Systems. In the early 1990s, MIT developed a

The Pros and Cons of Electronic Media for Political Press

2523 words - 10 pages The purpose of this research is to examine the pros and cons of electronic media used for political press agentry, which may help expose more politicians to the public about the political candidates, themselves and their campaign approaches. This will conceivably enlighten and further the knowledge base of the American citizens on the strategies that are used to create the governmental foundation of democracy. This research also will help

Freedom of the press, globalization, public diplomacy and current events.

2047 words - 8 pages conditions and social values. These concepts include Authoritarian, Western, Communist, Revolutionary and Developmental.The Authoritarian concept holds that the government is always allowed to control the press. Any news reported on the government should make the government look good to the public. News that does have negative reports on the government will result in censorship, shutting down publications or jailing journalists. A key example of the

Printing and its Impact on Society

1216 words - 5 pages held many men highly experienced in working with soft metals.It was here where Johannes Gansfleisch Zur Laden Zum Gutensburg is credited with recognizing that the goldsmith's hallmark punch could be used to strike the shape of he letter. A metal mound was filled with hot tin-antimony alloy which when cooled formed the first interchangeable typeface which could be used in a printing press. The press itself was a modified linen press used for

Similar Essays

Johann Gutenberg And The Printing Press

1262 words - 5 pages During 1448 a German inventor named Johann Gutenberg changed the world. With many different strategies that he overcame and ways that he could spread his creation, he did it so that the whole nation could experience his brilliant invention. Although, there were many achievements throughout the world that deeply impacted many things that we still use today, the most important achievement throughout technology is the printing press by Johannes

Johannes Gutenberg And The Printing Press

1654 words - 7 pages . Gutenberg settled in his hometown of Mainz where he was able to build his printing press and continue his work. Gutenberg created a workshop in Hof Humbrecht that actually belonged to a relative of Gutenberg’s who lived in Frankfurt. In Hof Humbrecht, Gutenberg kept his printing presses and also printed documents such as the Bible and other important documents. The Gutenberg printing press sparked the beginning of mass communication. Before

The Printing Press By Johannes Gutenberg

1303 words - 5 pages In the 1450s, a German goldsmith named Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press, which revolutionized the world of publishing (The Printing Press, 2005). Since then, hundreds of word processing programs have been developed, along with thousands of new fonts, from Times New Roman to Comic Sans. Marketing professionals and scientists around the world have wondered what kinds of fonts stick in a person’s memory over others (Dizikes, 2013

The History And Impact Of The Printing Press

2308 words - 9 pages Everyday people read newspapers and books, but where did printing begin? The movable type printing press by Johannes Gutenberg made this all possible. Johannes first conceived of this idea of the printing press in the 15th century in order to speed up the slow process of producing books (Bantwal). The movable type printing press, the first real technology of its kind, helped to solve problems, but in turn also caused problems. This technology