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Johann Sebastian Bach Essay

1019 words - 4 pages

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACHJohann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach, on the 21st of March 1685.In March of 1700 Bach won a singing scholarship to the Michaeliskirche in Luneburg. When his voice broke, he continued to make music as a violinist and organist and its said that he studied with Georg Bohm another well known organist and composer. In the summer of 1702 Bach left Luneburg and applied for a post as organist of the Jacobskirche, Sangerhausen. In November he won his vacancy, but the duke of Sachan-Weissenfels intervenes and imposes an elder man, (Bach was only 17).In March of 1703 Bach went to work for duke Johann Ernst of Weimar as a liveried string player. He did not like his post, so he left as soon as possible. Then in September he became an organist in Arnstadt.Bach felt that he had a true vocation for church music. He made a pilgrimage to Lubeck, via Luneburg, Sangerhausen, Weimar, and Arnstadt, and one might see his appointment in Leipzig as the culmination of years working towards his goal. Unfortunately, his creative genius was constantly at war with the mundane demands of his various posts, and though he was known as a "virtuoso" organist, his employers never appreciated his profound musical ability.In Easter of 1707, Bach played the organ at the Basilkirche in Muhlerhausen, and impressed the authorities so much that he was offered a place as organist, which was vacant since the death of Johann Georg Ahle.On the 4th February, Bach wrote his first real commission, a Cantata to mark the elections to the town council of Muhlerhausen and entered the services of the duke of Sachsan-Weimar as court organist. In august 1717, Bach's wife and four children were installed in Cothen, where the composer intended to take up residence at the court of prince Leopold, earning double the salary, but his current employer in Weimar wouldn't release him from his current contract. On The 6th November his employer imprisoned Bach until the 2nd of December for demanding to be released from his service in Weimar. When he was released he went to Cothen. In May of 1718, he meets the Margrave of Brandenburg, to whom he dedicated his six Brandenburg Concertos. In may 1720 Bach visited prince Leopold of Karlsbad for several weeks during which time his wife died and was in November Bach then travelled to Hamburg and played for nearly two hours in front of two dignitaries. While he was there he applied for a post as organist at the jacobskirche in Hamburg, but shortly after he decided to withdraw his appeal. On the 3rd of December 1721 Bach married again, this time to Anna Magdalene Wulken, an accomplished harpsichordist, singer and copyist.In 1722 Bach completed his 1st book of keyboard collections, The Well-tempered Clavier, 24 Preludes and Fugues in all major and minor keys, although it was not published during his life. On the 5th June, Kuhnau died and this opened the way for Bach to apply for the post of Cantor although the councils 1st choice was Georg...

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