John Adams was born on October 30, 1735, in Massachusetts Bay. He was born in a well-to-do family of five. He is the eldest son and was named after his father, John Adams. Young Adams was able to receive a proper childhood education, as his father was a deacon of the Congregational church, as well as a lieutenant of the local militia. Despite his busy schedule, his main interest and occupation was farming.
At 1761, Adams’ father passed away due to the flu epidemic. His mother remarried at 1766, but young john did not get along with his stepfather. Young Adams was not very bright at his studies, but through his tutor, Joseph Marsh, guidance, he was able to go to Harvard College at the age of 16. At the age of 1755, he graduated and found his first job, as a teacher in Worcester, Massachusetts. During his teaching career, Adams found his new interests in Latin, history and law and Adams yearned to make his mark upon the world. All along, Adams was wondering if he was able to achieve something great in his life. During these years of his life, Adams begins keeping his famous journal. “After many years of teaching, he married Abigail Smith, a third cousin of his and also the daughter of the minister of Massachusetts, in October 25, 1764, when he was 28 years old.” Soon after the marriage, Abigail becomes his closest friend as well as his political advisor. They had five children and one of them died a few years after birth. Their eldest son, John Quincy Adams, later became the sixth president of the United States.
As Adams interest in studying law increases, he began to take night classes under the tutelage of James Putnam and continued his teaching carrier during daytime. Due to Adams’ intelligence and law knowledge, he was chosen by the people of Braintree to write protest against the Stamp Act. At first, he declined the idea but after persuaded by Samuel Adams, a fellow revolutionary, who was also a second cousin of his, John Adams wrote the protests and essays to the Boston newspaper and used it as a forum to fight the Stamp Act. Finally on February 22, 1766, The British House of Commons ended the Stamp Act. His essays were collected and published in 1768 as “A Dissertation on the Canon and Feudal Law”.
In 1769, John Hancock, the richest man in Boston was accused of wine smuggling and Adams was his lawyer. After several days of trial, Adams finally succeeded in clearing John Hancock’s name. Since then, Adams was recognized as a prominent lawyer.
Another case that made Adams famous was the Boston Massacre at 1770. It was the act of British soldiers who fired at mob of Boston citizen. As a result, five civilians were killed, including Cripus Attucks. Upon the event, many political groups and citizens were unhappy. It was the starting of an anti-British fever. Paul Revere made an engraving that depicted captain Thomas Preston gave the order to start firing at the defenseless crowd. “To calm the situation down, Governor...