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John D Rockefeller: Philanthropist Or Propagandist?

735 words - 3 pages

John Davison Rockefeller is a man of many mysteries, some argue that he is avicious, cold-blooded, money-crazed politician, while others view him as an evangelicalphilanthropist. Determining his contribution to America would be like saying: " Hitlermay have killed off 6 million accounted Jews, but he still helped the cause of millionsand millions of Germans." Or like saying, "Nike sets up sweatshops but we get shoescheap." J.D Rockefeller did much for this world but only so that he could receive ittenfold, would that then be considered philanthropy or propaganda?John Davison Rockefeller was born to William Avery Rockefeller and ElizaDavison in Richford, New York July 8, 1839. In 1853, at the age of 15, John entered highschool in Cleveland, Ohio. He left high school in 1855 to take a 6-month business courseat Folsom Mercantile College, which he completed in 3 months, and 6 weeks after, washired by Hewitt & Tuttle as an apprentice bookkeeper. John and his comrade MauriceClark decided to leave Hewitt and Tuttle in 1859 and formed a produce commissionBusiness (vegetable imports.) It wasn't until 1863 though that Rockefeller had made hismark, when he invested in an oil refinery with chemist, Samuel Andrews.Rockefeller married Laurie Celestia Spelman on September 8, 1864 in Cleveland.Rockefeller and his wife produced 5 children:The eldest daughter, Bessie (1866-1906), married Charles Strong, a philosopher.The second daughter, Alice (1869-1870), died in infancy. Alta (1871-1962), married E.Parmalee Prentice, a lawyer. The youngest daughter, Edith (1872-1932), married HaroldFowler McCormick, a friend of John, Jr., and son of Cyrus McCormack, inventor of themechanical harvesting reaper. His only son, John D., Jr. (1874-1960), married thedaughter of the most powerful leader in the Senate, Nelson W. Aldrich, and eventuallyinherited much of the family fortune."When history passes its final verdict on John D. Rockefeller, it may well be thathis endowment of research will be recognized as a milestone in the progress of the race...Science today owes as much to the rich men of generosity and discernment as the art ofthe Renaissance owes to the patronage of Popes and Princes. Of these rich men John D,Rockefeller is the supreme type." Winston Churchill was one of the many whoappreciated Rockefeller's livelyhood, he, just as many others, only payed attention to thephilanthropy....

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