John Dewey was born on October 20, 1859, in Burlington Vermont. He attended public school until he graduated and entered the University of Vermont (UVM). While attending UVM Dewey was exposed to evolutionary theory through one of his professors G.H. Perkins. Dewey continued focusing his attention on the interactions between the human organism and its environment; eventually leading Dewey to his own theory of knowledge.
After graduating in 1879, Dewey taught high school for two years and then enrolled as a graduate student at Johns Hopkins University (JHU). While attending JHU, Dewey was influenced by Hegelian philosophy with the regard the organic model of nature and G. Stanley Hall’s power of scientific methodology within human sciences.
After earning his doctorate in 1884, Dewey accepted a teaching position at the University of Michigan (UM). Dewey worked at UM for ten years with the exception of one year in 1888 when he worked for University of Minnesota. While at UM wrote his first two of forty books Psychology (1887), and Leibniz’s New Essays Concerning the Human Understanding (1888).
In 1894, Dewey began his tenure at the University of Chicago (U of C). Dewey’s studies led him to what was known as pragmatism or what he called instrumentalism. While at U of C Dewey founded and operated the Laboratory School which gave him opportunity to develop his ideas on pedagogical method and his first major works, The School and Society (1899).
Shortly after in 1904, Dewey left U of C because of disagreements over the Laboratory School. With his resignation to U of C Dewey was asked to join the Department of Philosophy at Columbia University. During his tenure he wrote; The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought (1910), Essays in Experimental Logic (1916), How We Think (1910; revised ed. 1933), Democracy and Education (1916), Reconstruction in Philosophy (1920), Human Nature and Conduct (1922), Experience and Nature (1925), The Public and its Problems (1927), and The Quest for Certainty (1929). He also wrote several articles for The New Republic and Nation supporting women’s suffrage and the unionization of teachers.
After retiring in 1930 Dewey wrote; Art as Experience (1934), A Common Faith (1934), Logic: The Theory of Inquire (1938), Freedom and Culture (1939), Theory of Valuation (1939), and Knowing and the Known (1949).
John Dewey was one of the most famous educators of the 20th century for was his ability to see the extraordinary value of everyday experience for young children (Scholastic). "Education is not preparation for life: Education is life itself." Because of his beliefs in experimental education Dewey is known as the “Father of Modern Education.” Dewey’s views on education were; students’ understand education through experiencing it, and there is a broader social purpose for students to become a more effective member of society.
While teaching at U of C Dewey founded the...