Mayele Degaule Ngemba
Dr. David F. Ericson
John lock introduces a different idea than Hobbes by stating that all men are by nature free and equal against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarch. John believed that people had the right to live and freely and own property of their own that have a foundation independent of the laws of any particular society. Most of the figure that really comes up in John Locks philosophy which is different from Thomas Hobbes is that, Lock believe all men have the right of liberty, life and property whereas when we look on the other hand, Thomas Hobbes was more into people giving up their right to the sovereign. Hobbes is more about rewards and punishment which is totally a contradiction to Lock’s philosophy.
Locke used the philosophical idea that men are naturally free and equal as part of the justification for understanding legitimate political government as the result of social contrast where by people in that particular state of nature conditionally transfer some of their right to the government in order to better ensure the stable so that, people can comfortably enjoy their lives and liberty. When people in the state of nature have the authority to decide when and how the government should be run, it turn out to be a very good and stable government which is actually what John Lock is introducing but when everything is being monitored and decided without the will of the people thing are always worse. Lock believed that government exist by the consent of the people in order to protect the rights and promote pubic good to the citizens and that a government that fails to do so can be resided and be replaced with a government.
John Locke defended the principle of majority rule and the separation of legislative plus executive power which really defines a true democracy. Looking back at Thomas Hobbes, he believed that you can’t give man to much or control over the society on his own will but the idea of being governed by the ruler. The philosophy of Thomas Hobbs is far left from Locks, he believed that power should be handed to the ruler but not the people because if you let a give one man too much power, he can use it to destroy other in the state of nature. Well Hobbs had a point here because whenever we give individuals to much power over other, they tend to abuse it in a very bad way. Back in the days when the Buganda kingdom was still under the leadership of king Mutesi, many missionaries where killed under the king’s order even though it wasn’t supported by the majority but served on his own will instead of the will for the people. the fact is that we can’t give man too much power if he’s not willing to served or respect it in any given moment.
Men living together according to reason without a common superior on earth, with authority to judge between them is the proper to the state of nature. In the state of nature all men have...