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John Lock´S Theories Of Human Nature Vs. Jean Jacques Rousseau´S Theories

1498 words - 6 pages

Soham Patel
Sema Binay
POL 1201
7 March 2014
My Superior Theory
Every day I come across other individuals who believe their opinions are superior to mine. It is petty to see the minds of hundreds of individuals trying to prove me wrong, when all they do is misrepresent the current facts of nature. Jean-Jacques Rousseau believes his theories on human nature and social contract are superior to mine, however through years of analyzing human nature I can conclude my theories are superior. First of all, let it be known that my theories are based upon years of witnessing and investigating the true nature of humans and the social contract, so it is unthinkable to believe Rousseau’s unjust theories. Most of my logic behind human nature can be found in my writings, The Two Treatises of Government, where I discuss the roles of citizens and the sovereign in my political philosophies. Let us begin by comparing our opinions on that State of Nature, because to understand political power, we must first understand the state that men are naturally in and their origin (Locke, 262).
The State of Nature is a state of complete freedom for an individual to go about his or her life as they see fit. Yet, they don't have absolute freedom, they cannot do anything at all that they please. In my book I said, “"to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions and persons, as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature” (Locke, 262). Humans have no government or rulers of any sort to dictate the individual’s needs and desires. One cannot be punished for doing as he pleases, because the individual only obeys himself and the Law of Nature. The Law of Nature is similar to your morals, humans resist from harming others and only take what they need. This is why, in the State of Nature, humans are indifferent towards each other, or see each other as equals. Since we all belong to God equally, we cannot harm each other, because in doing so we would be harming God. However, he can harm another individual when in self-defense, or if someone were to threaten his property, and break the Laws of Nature. “Each transgression may be punished to that degree, and with so much severity as will suffice to make it an ill bargain to the offender, give him cause to repent, and terrifying others from doing the like” (Locke, 267). In conclusion, the State of Nature, is a state of freedom, where individuals can pursue what is beneficial to themselves, without harming the will of others.
I read Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Discourse on the Social Contract, regarding his opinions on the Nature of Humans and social contract. I must say, that it is well written and follows much of my opinions, however he seems to have many common misconceptions of the realities of human nature. He says when man is at his natural state, he will never harm another individual.
“Nothing is so gentle as man in his primitive stage, when, placed by nature at an equal distance from the stupidity of brutes and the...

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