John Locke Enlightenment Essay

1509 words - 7 pages

The Enlightenment was a time of discovery and innovation, for political and personal philosophy. The main purpose of the enlightenment was to understand the world through different approaches this was a time where knowledge was learned and gained throughout this time especially through a philosopher called John Locke who had ideas on freedom of religion and the rights of citizens and also wrote two books in order to show his points those books are called “Two Treatises of Civil Government” and “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding” where he starts to discuss political power, state of nature, difference between state of nature, and state of war, functioning of property and the way the government should be run in the “two treatises of civil government” and for “human understanding” Locke discusses three goals of this his ideas are to discover “where ideas come from” “to ascertain what it means to have these ideas and what an idea essentially is” and “to examine issues of faith and opinion to determine how we should proceed logically when our knowledge is limited”
Locke first starts his argument about State of Nature in his “two treatises of civil government” by going after Sir Robert Filmer and arguing that no one has control over another individual and natural law governs and renders everyone equal and everyone has the power of executive power and natural law Lockes’ argument was of a sort so he could fight against Sir Robert Filmer’s theory of divine right of sovereignty Locke states this by saying no one should confuse the different types of power which are paternal, familial, and political and for each of those powers are different characteristics Locke says political power is the right to make laws and the regulation of property and these laws are backed by the community for the good of the public. Locke then describes that paternal power is different from political power by saying people are only under the paternal power until they are at the age to function as an individual and where as political power is built on a complete different foundation. With such argument one can see that locke’s point was to be able to discuss the different powers and how the powers work in a society.
Deeper in locke’s theory he goes on to discuss the state of war by saying war is “enmity and destruction” brought in by one person’s pre-meditated attempts on another persons life where he brings in the law of self preservation which states a person can kill another individual only if it is in self-defense but this definition rest upon presumption that if any aggression by another person against another that challenges that persons freedom. Locke then discusses the difference between state of nature and state of war saying that the two are not the same at all he says the state of nature involves people living with each other governed by reason without any type of common superior, where in the state of war happens where people make forces upon other people with...

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