John Locke's Influence On Government Essay

1135 words - 5 pages

John Locke was born in Wrington, a village in Somerset, on August 29, 1632. He lived to become the most influential people in England, and perhaps one of the most influential people in the seventeenth century. His mother died while he was still an infant, and his father was a "Country lawyer@ and a small land owner who served as a captain of horse in the Parliamentary Army during the Civil War. Locke=s father later died in 1961.John Locke was an educated man going to Westminster school in 1646, to Christ Church College, Oxford, in 1652. Although Locke would rather have learned philosophy from Descartes instead of Aristotle, he still satisfied authorities. John was elected to a senior studentship in 1659, and in the next three to four years he took part in the tutorial work of the college. He declined an offer of preferment for a clerical position in 1666, and was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1668. Lockewas unable to obtain the degree of medicine and did not graduate as bachelor of medicine until 1674.Locke=s knowledge of medicine led to the acquaintance Lord Ashley in 1666. Lord Ashley, who in 1672 became the first Earl of Shaftesbury, was referred to Locke with a medical complaint. Locke then successfully operated and cleaned out Aan abscess in his chest@, which led to an immediate effect on Locke=s career. Locke became a member of Shaftesbury=s household and assisted him in public business, commercial and political, and followed him into the government service. Shaftesbury was made Lord Chancellor in 1672 and Locke became his secretary for presentations to benefits, and was later made secretary to the board of trade. Locke=s political life ended temporarily in 1675 with the fall of his chief.When John was released from office he left England for better health. With a bad climate in London, he decided to settle down for many months in the south of France in the town of Montpellier. The journals he recorded their would later be in Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Locke went back to England in 1679 when Shaftesbury had a short spell in office. Shaftesbury was later tried for treason but he was acquitted. Locke seemed to be innocent of, but suspicion still fell on him. This caused him to flee to Holland in 1683. While in Holland Locke had formed a friendship with Philip van Limbroch, the leader of the Remonstrant clergy, to whom Epistola de Tolerantia was dedicated. In 1684 Locke was expelled from his studentship at Christ Church College, Oxford, by Royal command. By 1689 the Essay Concerning Human Understanding is in it=s final form and a fifty page abstract was published in Leclerc=s Bibliotheque Universelle.John Locke returned to England in about 1688, escorting the princess of Orange, who later became Queen Mary. William and Mary were invited to retake the reign of England in what historians call the Bloodless revolution. During the same year he met Sir Isaac Newton and they became friends. Locke was made Commissioner Of...

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