John Locke Week 1 Essay

568 words - 2 pages

Running Head: JOHN LOCKEJohn Locke[Writer name][Institute name]John LockeIntroductionJohn Locke was an English philosopher, who founded the school of empiricism. Locke was born in the village of Wring ton, Somerset, on August 29, 1632 (Gustafson, 2007). He was educated at the University of Oxford and lectured on Greek, rhetoric, and moral philosophy at Oxford from 1661 to 1664. In 1667 Locke began his association with the English statesman Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftsbury, to whom Locke was friend, adviser, and physician.DiscussionShaftsbury secured for Locke a series of minor government appointments. In 1669, in one of his official capacities, in 1675, after the liberal Shaftsbury lost is power, Locke went to France. In 1679 he returned to England, but in view of his opposition to the Roman Catholicism favored by the English monarchy at that time, he soon found it expedient to return to France. From 1683 to 1688 he lived in Holland, and following the so-called Glorious Revolution of 1688 and the restoration of Protestantism to favor, Locke returned once more to England (Armitage, 2002). The new king, William III, appointed Locke to the Board of Trade in 1696, a position from which he resigned because of ill health in 1700. He died in Oates on October 28, 1704.Concerning Human Understanding is the masterwork of the great philosopher of freedom John Locke. Nearly twenty years in preparation Locke began working on The Essay in 1670 following a series of philosophical discussion during which he and his friends decided that "it was necessary to examine our own abilities, and see what objects our understandings were, or were not, fitted to deal with. "What it is and isn't possible for...

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