John Marshall: The Most Influential Chief Justice Of The Supreme Court

682 words - 3 pages

John Marshall: The Most Influential Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

In the beginning years of the United States Constitution, the Supreme Court was a struggling institution due to the lack of effectiveness of the Chief Justices and was not highly regarded by the executive and legislative branches of the government. The third Chief Justice in only twelve years, John Marshall put an end to the Supreme Court’s lack of influence after his appointment by President John Adams in 1801. John Marshall was the most influential Chief Justice of the Supreme Court because he was the first to make it a just and effective establishment that was equal to the two other branches of government by his court rulings and policies.

Through his first case, Marbury v. Madison, Marshall formed a foothold for the Supreme Court through his administration of judicial review. In this case, Marbury had not received his judicial commission after President Adams was elected. Former President Thomas Jefferson had instructed his Secretary of State, James Madison not to pay Marbury. Marbury then sued to recover his commission through the Judiciary Act of 1789, but failed. He tried once again and Marshall ruled that the Supreme Court had the final say on constitutionality. This was significant because it declared the Supreme Court as the end of the line on any court cases and that once a ruling was made, that would be the end of it.

In Fletcher v. Peck, Marshall made the first ruling declaring a state legislative act as unconstitutional. This was a step towards states’ rights versus the federal government. The importance of this is that nine years later states’ rights would again come up. Through bribery, the Georgia legislature granted 35 million acres to private speculators. Through its next legislature, it cancelled the transaction due to public objection. The Supreme Court ruled that the grant was a contract and that it could not be overruled or impaired. This case ruled in favor...

Find Another Essay On John Marshall: The Most Influential Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

The Nomination Of William Rehnquist To The Supreme Court And The Power Of A Supreme Court Chief Justice

1102 words - 4 pages conservative ideologies. When Nixon was later elected P resident, Rehnquist was appointed deputy attorney general in the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel. William Rehnquist is a highly accomplished individual to say the least. His many achievements worthy of distinction earned him the nomination for Supreme Court Judge by former President Richard Nixon. In 1971, after the retirement of Justice John Marshall Harlan, The Nixon

Judicial Review: 1803 Chief Justice John Marshall

2140 words - 9 pages ). Written in 1803 by Chief Justice John Marshall, the decision played a key role in making the Supreme Court a separate branch of government on par with Congress and the executive. The issue that the case resolved was itself of little significance. It was all based on an issue of political patronage, pitting the ascendant Jeffersonians against the upcoming departing Federalists. The feud between them was intense and came to a full out blood bath at

Supreme Court Justice Nominations

700 words - 3 pages Supreme Court Justice Nominations      According to Floyd G. Cullop, The Supreme Court is responsible for “interpreting a federal, state, and local law and deciding whether or not it is constitutional,” making The Supreme Court of the United States perhaps the most powerful branch of the Federal Government. Although the Supreme Court does not make the laws, the justices do review the laws and decide if they are

From 1790 to 1857, the Supreme Court emerged as the most powerful branch of our government.

1139 words - 5 pages license to operate under this monopoly. Gibbons was given a license by Congress. They sued each other and John Marshall had the last say. He ruled in favor of Congress over the state of New York. He expanded the power of Congress to control commerce. (8)Our time period in question ends in 1857 and with a major decision by the Supreme Court. John Marshall was long dead, but his successor, Roger Taney, was still the Chief Justice. He ruled in the Dred

Brief Biography on Earl Warren, a United States Supreme Court Chief Justice.

712 words - 3 pages The "Superchief"Earl Warren is one of the most famous Chief Justice's to have ever served on the United States Supreme Court. His decisions made in court are those that still affect us to this very day. Throughout his life he held many offices of power. Besides being Chief Justice on the Supreme Court, he was the 30th Governor of the state of California and was also the California District Attorney.Earl Warren was born in Los Angeles, California

The Honorable John G. Roberts, Jr : A Biographical Sketch of the 17th Chief Justice of the United States

1222 words - 5 pages . Web. 06 May 2014. "John Roberts on the Issues." - Candidates on the Issues. On the Issues, n.d. Web. 06 May 2014. O'Dowd, Niall. "Jane Sullivan Robert’s Rules for Success." Irish America Jane Sullivan Roberts Rules for Success Comments. Irish America Magazine, Aug.-Sept. 2009. Web. 06 May 2014. "Press Releases." Former Hogan & Hartson Partner John G. Roberts, Jr. Confirmed as Chief Justice of the United States - News - Hogan Lovells. Hogan Lovells, 29 Sept. 2005. Web. 06 May 2014. Stone, Geoffrey R. "The Behavior of Supreme Cout Justices When Their Behavior Counts the Most." American Constitution Society. N.p., Sept. 2013. Web. 06 May 2014.

Legal Process Paper Describes how John can file a discrimination suit against his company with the EEOC. Starts from the beginning of the process through to the US Supreme Court.

1049 words - 4 pages Legal Process PaperJohn Doe worked for a large sofa manufacturing company in the Northeastern United States. He was the supervisor of the pillow-stuffing department. He oversaw the activities of fifteen people. John was 50 years old and he had been working for the company for 15 years at various levels and 3 years at his present level. He was a respected and well-liked person in the company. This all changed when a new Plant Manager was, hired

This essay is about Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren, Warren Court Justice, Civil Rights. 3pages, 623 words. No works Cited.

633 words - 3 pages Chief Justice Earl WarrenPresident Dwight Eisenhower appointed Earl Warren as the fourteenth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1953. Warren had been the governor of California twice and was also on the republican ticket for Vice President under Thomas Dewey. It was assumed that Warren would pickup where his successor Fred Vinson left off as a conservative member of the Supreme Court, but instead Warren positioned himself as a liberal. When

The Marshall Court

1726 words - 7 pages deliberation to perfect. In the early years of the Supreme Court, one man’s judgement influenced the powers of the court systems for years to come. John Marshall was the chief justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 to 1835, and as the only lasting Federalist influence in a newly Democratic-Republican government, he and his fellow justices sought to perpetuate their Federalist principles in the United States’ court system. In one of the most memorable

The Supreme Court

1067 words - 4 pages .      During the years the Supreme Court has gone through some changes of its’ own. While Chief Justice Earl Warren was there the first African-American Justice was named to the court: Thurgood Marshall. Chief Justice Warren’s leadership marked a force in social issues. Along the lines of desegregation, election reform and the rights of defendants.      Then in 1969 Warren Burger was named Chief Justice. That is when the Court started to lean more to

The Supreme Court

1106 words - 4 pages also a request for certification. A case can also be heard through an appeal, or a petition for a writ of certiorari. The Supreme Court has nine judges, which serve. These judges assess cases. These Justices hold their terms for life, "during good behavior" under Article III. The current Supreme Court Justices are Justice John Paul Stevens, appointed by Gerald Ford in 1975. Ronald Regan appointed Justice Sandra Day O'Conner to her term in

Similar Essays

John Marshall: The Great Chief Justice

611 words - 2 pages law was unconstitutional, therefore setting a precident giving the Supreme Court the power to declare laws unconstitutional. Because of this ruling alone, John Marshall is a very prominent figure in American history and American law, but his acheivements do not end at that. During John Marshall's life, and particularly during his reign as chief justice, the power of the judicial branch became equally powerful to the other branches of the US government.

The Great Chief Justice: John Marshall

635 words - 3 pages unfortunately, Jay declined. Most promoted William Patterson. In the end, Adams opted for Marshall. The appointment was confirmed on January 27, 1801, commissioned on January 31, and he was finally sworn in on February 4. As head of the Judicial Branch and president of the Supreme Court, the "Chief Justice" position would not be so easy to handle. For a short time, Marshall would serve as both Secretary of State and Chief Justice, or at least until after

John Marshall And The Supreme Court

843 words - 3 pages Chief Justice John Marshall made the Supreme Court what it is today with the help of the case of Marbury vs. Madison. He wrote the decision for "the most monumental case ever decided by any court in any country" (Glennon). Judicial review, and Chief Justice John Marshall, earned the Supreme Court the respect and prestige it carries today. Marshall had several qualities that gave him the power and respect to succeed in making a

The Controversial, First Black Supreme Court Justice: Thurgood Marshall         Thurgood

1180 words - 5 pages The Controversial, First Black Supreme Court Justice: Thurgood Marshall Thurgood Marshall was the first black man ever to be appointed to the United States Supreme Court. Marshall was one the finest and most recognized civil rights leaders of the 20th century. Marshall had a lot of liberal views that brought much controversy upon him. Marshall did what he thought would make for a better country and most certainly a more civil and