John Smith General History Of Virginia Queens College Paper

1130 words - 5 pages

John Smith, General History of Virginia
Yunzhao Liu
History 103
Professor Lang October 11, 2017
John Smith, General History of Virginia
In this essay I will be analyzing the document, “John Smith, General History of Virginia,” that contains a passage from Edward Arber’s book, The Wesstminister:Archibald Constable, which was published in 1895.
This document was written by John Smith and published in 1895. This document was talking about the English colonists were suffering the starving because they were out of food supplies and they called that time “the starving time.” Therefore, John Smith wanted readers to know about what and who made the tragedy happened.
John Smith was the commander of the Jamestown in 1608-1609. He was an English soldier, and his father was a farmer. He saved the first English colonists’ life because they were lacked of food and John taught them to grow plants.
When Jamestown was England's first permanent settlement in the New World, he trained the colonists to farm and work, saving the colony from early devastation. He claimed “He that will not work shall not eat”, quoting from The American Yawp. Terrible weathers, didn’t have enough water, disease, living in a swampy wilderness and attacks from the Powhatan Indians almost destroyed the colony. The Jamestown settlement survived and so did Smith, but he had to return to England because the colonists kicked him out.
“In April 1607 Englishmen aboard three ships—the Susan Constant, Godspeed, and Discovery—sailed forty miles up the James River (named for the English king) in present-day Virginia (Named for Elizabeth I, the “Virgin Queen”) and settled upon just such a place. The uninhabited peninsula they selected
was upriver and out of sight of Spanish patrols. It offered easy defense against ground assaults and was both uninhabited and located close enough to many Indian villages and their potentially lucrative trade networks. But the location was a disaster. Indians had ignored the peninsula for two reasons: Terrible soil hampered agriculture and brackish tidal water led to debilitating disease. Despite these setbacks, the English built Jamestown, the first permanent English colony in the present-day United States.” From The American Yawp. The English picked a bad location as they’re first home in Virginia. They picked that places because the place was close enough with the Indians and they wanted to trade stuffs for food, also, that place was easy to defense enemies. However, that location basically cause the “the starving time” happened because the soils were not good enough for growing plants and brackish tidal water brought disease.
The most colonists were gentlemen and they wanted to make easy money and they didn’t want to work. They thought they had enough stuffs for trading food but didn’t. As John Smith later complained, they “Would rather starve than work.” Therefore, they were suffering disease and starvation. In the first 9
months only survived half of the...

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