John Winthrop born into a very comfortable life as a gentleman’s son, who could have lived very comfortably without many things to cause him any worry, but the life he chose to live was one that would be hard fought and plagued with obstacles. His straight lined religious beliefs did not allow frivolous squandering or idleness, and his homeland of England was going through a religious battle within that would not accept Johns Puritan beliefs.
Winthrop’s education began when he was seven years old, where he was educated by a vicar in a church near his house. Coming from a noble family, it was customary for the sons to be educated and sent to college for a few years at least, even if they didn’t graduate. It was this education that he was receiving that would later aid him in his political offices that he would hold in England and in the Massachusetts Bay Company as a Govorner in the new country. However, Winthrop received more than just an education while he was at college; he also found a religion called Puritanism.
“Puritanism was only a belief that the Church of England should be pruged of its hierarchy and of the traditions and ceremonies inherited from Rome.” –Morgan.
By the time Winthrop left college to go back home and help run the family business, he had married his first wife. She would have six children with John, and die only ten years after their marriage. Less than a year after her death, he married again, but his second wife died only a year after the wedding. It was more than a year before he married Margaret Tyndal, who was reputed to be an attractive woman, which gave John an internal struggle of loving his wife, but trying to not lover her more than he loved God.
Political strife in England at this time was intense because King Charles was wanting to have endless spending abilities granted to him by Parliament, but when they refused him, he had Parliament dissolved twice!, and then did not opt for a third attempt. King Charles passed his new tax on the people of England and this is what started the overturn in in religion by leaning more towards the Arminian religion that King James had favored during his rule. The Puritans decided that with all of the godlessness and impurity in England now, that it would be best to leave England.
Winthrop joined the Massachusets Bay Company, who had received a signed charter to go to New England and begin a new colony there. The charter that had been signed by the King, had failed to include any order as to where the colony would be governed from, so the Bay Company interpreted this to their favor and said that it meant that the new colony would have their own government in the new world that would be free of the kings influence. With his experience in government and law, Winthrop was selected to become the new Governor of Massachusetes.
Conditions upon arriving in...