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Johnson, Roosevelt, And Hoover Essay

1499 words - 6 pages

President is defined as "one appointed or elected to preside over an organized body of people, such as an assembly or meeting." President is a role model for every person living in the United States. For some people, being President was meant to be for them, but for some, the task is either proven too difficult. Three Presidents who face the toughest obstacle and help to bring Americans up to their feet were Presidents Andrew Johnson, Theodore Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover. These three Presidents face tremendous hardship throughout their President terms. For Andrew Johnson, his struggle to build America during Reconstruction, for Theodore Roosevelt his dedication and aggressiveness in the Progressive Era, he is without a doubt one of the most influential presidents of the 20th century and lastly President Herbert Hoover struggles to rebuild America during the Great Depression. No task is easy in building America but these Presidents overcame many obstacles to build what we call America today.Andrew Johnson, our seventeenth president was born in Raleigh, North Carolina in 1808. Unlike Theodore Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover, Andrew Johnson was born into a poor family and never attended school. He began his informal education while serving as an apprentice to a tailor in Raleigh. While serving as an apprentice he taught himself how to read. In 1826, Johnson moved to Greenville Tennessee and established a tailor's shop. There he married to Eliza McArdle, who later became his mentor and taught him the skill of reading, writing and math. In his spare times, Johnson joined a debate club where he mastered in his public speaking and later entered politics.In 1829 Johnson became an alderman and two years later, mayor of Greeneville (Castel, 3). In 1835 Johnson won election to the Tennessee House of Representative. Let's fast forward to the climax of Johnson's life. Although a native of the South, Johnson was a firm supporter of the Union. During the critical days of the Civil War, he served as the military governor of Tennessee and finally as vice-president under the second term of Abraham Lincoln. After Lincoln's assassination, the heavy assignment of restoring a nation after the destruction of a civil war fell to the tailor from North Carolina.There were some thought that Johnson was acting too quickly to readmit the southern states to full participation in the government of the country."Thus, he was not only permitting an unrepentant Southern white ruling class to move back into power, but he was making every effort, and giving the Southern leadership every license, to curb the rising black movement toward authentic freedom, beginning with the search for basic political rights and lands" (Harding, 12).In other words, Johnson should punish the South for the cause of the Civil war and that the Confederate should pay their war debts. His punishment for the south was too temperate. He set no limit to how the Southern states would rejoin the Union. Basically...


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