Jonathan Edwards Essay

863 words - 4 pages

Jonathan Edwards was a Puritan minister in Northampton, Massachusetts who played a critical role in shaping the First Great Awakening. One of his great works called “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” is considered a classic of early American literature. Edwards, as a Puritan, strongly believed in the Doctrine of Predestination. However, when analyzing the sermon “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” one can also detect hints of the theory of Arminianism in the underlying meaning. This is because his sermon is based off of giving people the ability to turn to the God and accept his Grace or reject the Grace of God and spend eternity in hell. Thus this sermon both qualifies and compromises the Doctrine of Predestination.
In his sermons Jonathan Edwards starts off his sermon by painting a picture for his congregation of the hell that is expected for them if they do not turn to God. He states that “their foot shall slide in due time,” meaning that as humans we are all born from sin and therefore, they all deserve damnation (Edwards). This vivid imagery was put into place in order to scare those who have not gotten saved, to turn to God and his Grace.
Firstly, it is evident that Edwards upholds the Doctrine of Predestination when he states that it is God’s Graces that keeps them from falling into the fire. This means that it is only God’s Grace that holds them up because “there is no other reason to be given, why [they] have to dropped into hell since [they] arose in the morning, but that God’s will has held [them] up” (Edwards). This sermon quantifies one of the four underlying assumptions about the Doctrine of Predestination by implying that people are held over the pits of hell because they are born into sin and deserve eternal damnation, and the decision of whether to let a person drop into the pits of hell is up to God.
Furthermore, Edward’s sermon follows the Doctrine of Predestination because it fulfills the third and fourth underlying assumption: salvation is by faith, and faith is a gift from God. This can be seen in the tenth “consideration” stated by Edwards when he states that those that are “contained in the covenant of grace, the premise that are given in Christ, in whom all the promises are yea and amen” (Edwards). Therefore, God has never promised to save people from hell, only those that are contained in Christ though the covenant of Grace.
However, there are some key aspects to his sermon that do not uphold the Doctrine of Predestination. This is...

Find Another Essay On Jonathan Edwards

The Great Awakening with Jonathan Edwards

1398 words - 6 pages described as a revitalization of religious piety that swept through the American colonies between the 1730s and the 1770s. The Protestant cultures during the middle decades of the eighteenth century, reaffirmed the view that being truly religious meant trusting the heart rather than the head, prizing feeling more than thinking, and relying on biblical revelation rather than human reason. Jonathan Edwards, sometimes known as the

The Beliefs of Locke and Newton, Inspired Jonathan Edwards

1521 words - 6 pages In Jonathan Edwards's The Nature of True Virtue his beliefs of following God's supremacy leads to moral beauty, the virtue in nature, and the selflessness of true virtue will unite society all stem from John Locke's beliefs of the social contract, Isaac Newton's belief of the logical perfection of nature, and both of their beliefs of human morality. An important point which Edwards writes in his sermon is his belief that when man is truly

Jonathan Edwards' Sinnners in the Hands of An Angry God

1048 words - 4 pages Jonathan Edwards' Sinnners in the Hands of An Angry God Jonathan Edwards delivered his sermon, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God, in Enfield Connecticut on July 8, 1741, the year following George Whitefield's preaching tour which helped inspire the "Great Awakening." Weeping and emotional conviction among Edwards’ audiences came at a time of great spiritual thirst. While very foreign to mainstream American opinion today, this

Jonathan Edwards on the Doctrine of Original Sin

3061 words - 13 pages Biographical Information JONATHAN EDWARDS was born to the Reverend Timothy Edwards and his wife Ester, October 5, 1703. He was the fifth of eleven born to the Reverend; who made their home in East Windsor, Connecticut. Being from an evangelical Puritan household, he was also expected to study and learn the Bible as well as the strict tenants of Calvinism. The debates over his Reformed Calvinist faith and the “liberal” movements captivated his

Comparing St. Augustine's and Jonathan Edwards' Views on the Origin of Sin

1313 words - 6 pages comparatively the views of Saint Augustine and Jonathan Edwards. Original sin has been given both biblical and traditional view and understanding. Its doctrine is very significant because it lays the playing ground upon which humanity stands before God. For sure, if the original sin is something trivial then the redemption work of Jesus Christ would have no meaning at all. It is sure that the fall of the first human beings, Adam and Eve, has a great bearing

Individualism

1304 words - 6 pages believed that everyone was a part of a bigger picture than what was actually seen. Not one of the proclaimed Deists strove to be different from the other, always conforming to what was around him or her. During the 18th century, there were two men who could not be more obviously different than Jonathan Edwards and Benjamin Franklin. Although they had different beliefs and goals, they still had the same motivations to succeed and similar work ethics

Puritan Literature

989 words - 4 pages Puritan values, ideas, and beliefs are evident in the works of Anne Bradstreet, William Bradford, and Jonathan Edwards. Through her poetry, Bradstreet reveals her Puritan values and ideals. Bradstreet was aware of a woman’s role in Puritan society and tried to portray herself as a humble, pious, obedient, and modest wife. William Bradford’s work also encompasses beliefs, values, and ideas of Puritan life. One can see that in Bradford’s writing

Sin and Morality

765 words - 4 pages Sin and Morality Washington Ivring uses humor and satire to point out the immoraity of 18th century Boston. Jonathan Edwards takes a much more direct approach to the same audience in his sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God". Both men see problems in the world they live in. They both take different approachs to try to correct the problems, and use diffrent means to achieve resolution. In "Sinners at the hands of an Angry God", Jonathan

Views of transcendentalism versus puritanism; looking at "sinners in the hands of an angry god" by johnathan edwards and "nature" by ralph waldo emerson.

1034 words - 4 pages The Puritans see God as mysteriously involved in the acts of the universe, whereas the transcendentalists think God is connected to mankind through nature and intuition. The outlook on Puritan writing is that their style tends to be plain and introspective. Transcendentalist writing shows how nature and feelings are triumphant over logic and rationality. In contrast to the plain style of Puritan writing, Jonathan Edwards frequently strikes his

First American Litterature

900 words - 4 pages inflict self doubt onto the audience but also to illustrate the self doubt and loss of faith that Edwards experienced. Jonathan Edward describes that "Almost every natural man that hears hell, flatters himself that he shall escape it."(Edwards 3) Edwards himself is categorized as a natural man and felt that he would be able to escape the devil. However he soon realizes that. "he lays out matters better for his own escape than others have done

Imagery in Edward's Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God

532 words - 2 pages In “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God,” Jonathan Edwards created the emotion of fear by using imagery and figurative language to persuade his audience. He used imagery and figurative language so the wrath of God is more fearsome and gave you a mental picture of hell in your head. Imagery is one of the components that were used by Edwards to make his story more persuasive. As the short story begins, the first sentence was an example of

Similar Essays

Jonathan Edwards Essay

2268 words - 9 pages Jonathan Edwards is well known to be America’s most important early philosopher and most brilliant theologian. Here we see another individual who was highly concerned with the happenings of his time, due to his involvement in various religious and social movements. Edwards’ work primarily concerned itself with the sovereignty of God, an absolute power. Johnathan Edwards was born on October 5, 1703 in East Windsor, Connecticut. His parents

Jonathan Edwards The Great Preacher Essay

1585 words - 6 pages He was a man whose very words struck fear into the hearts of his listeners. Acknowledged as one of the most powerful religious speakers of the era, he spearheaded the Great Awakening. “This was a time when the intense fervor of the first Puritans had subsided somewhat” (Heyrmen 1) due to a resurgence of religious zeal (Stein 1) in colonists through faith rather than predestination. Jonathan Edwards however sought to arouse the religious

Jonathan Edwards And George Whitefield Essay

1453 words - 6 pages Any time the Great Awakening is discussed from a religious standpoint, the religious figures Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield are two names that are difficult not to discuss. Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield are to revivalism and the Great Awakening as Vince Young and Reggie Bush are to athletes and a new age of football. Edwards and Whitefield were revolutionists during the 18th century revival know the Great Awakening. Their

Excerpts From The Diary Of Jonathan Edwards

2104 words - 8 pages " ("Biography of Jonathan Edwards"). When I was younger, I could not fully understand or accept God’s sovereignty. After reading I Timothy today and having this divine conviction, the sovereignty of God makes perfect sense. I feel that this was none other than the Holy Spirit speaking to me in the form of conviction (“Theopedia”). #5: 1722 I made a decision today to accept a pastoral position at a NYC Presbyterian church. Ever since my delightful