Joseph Mc Carthy And Communism Essay

1236 words - 5 pages

From 1949 to 1954, the citizens of the United States were overcome with terror of the possibility of being accused of Communism. Joseph McCarthy was an anti-communist zealot obsessed with rooting out perceived Communist spies and activities in the United States. Common opinion showed that McCarthy was a bully and a liar. The Senate condemned him for it because at the time, there was no evidence to support him. However, in recent years, evidence has come out that confirms the basis of what McCarthy said. There were Communists infiltrating America, and it seemed McCarthy was the only one who actively trying to find it. McCarthy governed the U.S. people with fear for three year, was censored, and now is being proven correct, despite people trying to hide the truth.
In 1950 Joseph McCarthy, a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, began a crusade of anti-communism (Bartlett). In this period of time “the widespread accusations and investigations of suspected Communist activities in the U.S.” became known as ‘McCarthyism’ (Reeves). Many events happened during the McCarthyism era to justify his suspicions; Communism was spreading throughout Czechoslovakia and China, and North Korea invaded the South –which started the Korean War (Reeves). The accusations of Communism spread to all branches of public works; entertainment, clergy, teachers, and journalists were all investigated (Reeves). Blacklisting first appears at this time. Many people had to take oaths, swearing that they were not Communist, just to keep their jobs (Reeves). When McCarthy first began, he said that Communists made up the majority of the State Department, but when the Senate looked into it they reported no sings of Communism (Reeves). In 1949 McCarthy said to have gotten his information from a document from the “Federal Bureau of Investigations”, pertaining to Soviet Union activities in the U.S. (Benson). And since the men who gave it to him wanted him the information to be broadcasted, he took the information and claimed he had a list of 205 names of people working in the State Department who were communist (Benson). In a later speech McCarthy lowered that number to eighty-one (Benson). McCarthy accused many people in the government of Communism or harboring Communists, including President Truman, Secretary of State Dean Acheson, General George Marshall, and Eisenhower. They all denied his charges (Bartlett). In 1952 McCarthy won the reelection to be Senator even after accusing them (Benson). Despite having no support from Congress, he became a public icon and people continued to believe him (Benson). Soon though, McCarthy’s good luck would run out.
In 1953 through 1954 McCarthy’s reign collapsed; he lost most of his influence in the Army-McCarthy Hearings of 1954 (Bartlett). The incident started with McCarthy’s growing suspicions of communists working within the government. He began investigating the New Jersey Army Signal Corps station in Fort Monmouth, October of 1953 (Benson). He claimed...

Find Another Essay On Joseph McCarthy and Communism

U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy Launches Communist Witch Hunt

1244 words - 5 pages powerful McCarthy was during the communist period. McCarthy used communism in his advantage. This showed how his influence had the ability to change people’s behavior. Due to McCarthyism thousands of innocent people lost their jobs, reputations and their lives were completely destroyed. Little did McCarthy known that his praise would soon come to an end. The downfall of Joseph McCarthy was in October 1953 when he started to look into communist

Senator Joseph McCarthy Essay

1619 words - 7 pages not initially approached him in a completely friendly way. This one example can be the summary for the whole trial, as the accusations of McCarthy were investigated and exposed for their true intentions (Straight 8). The life of Joseph McCarthy is embedded in American history, just like the Red Scare that wept the nation during the same time. The fear of Communism was a factor taken great advantage of by McCarthy, stemming from the Cold War

McCarthyism

1331 words - 5 pages fear of communism in the United States which became the prime reason that led to Joseph McCarthy's rise to power.The American public was very scared of internal subversion for a couple of reasons; one of them being the war going badly in Korea and the other because of the communist advances in Eastern Europe and China. This provided an opportunity for a leader to rise. Joe McCarthy was the man to step up. He was named Chairman of the Government

McCarthy: Wrongly Scorned

1345 words - 6 pages From 1949 to 1954, the citizens of the United States were overcome with terror of the possibility of being accused of Communism. Joseph McCarthy was an anti-communist zealot consumed with rooting out perceived Communist spies and activities in the United States. Public opinion indicated that McCarthy was a bully and a liar. The Senate condemned him for it because at the time, there was no evidence to support him. However, in recent years

Senator Joseph R. McCarthy

1621 words - 6 pages Senator Joseph R. McCarthy Even though he had humble beginnings, Joseph Raymond McCarthy, a single man, made a profound effect on the entire United States during his career. By following his life and what shaped McCarthy as an individual, a broader picture is brought into the scope of the cause of his false accusations. In the year 1908, in the northeast region of Wisconsin on a struggling farm, a devout Roman

The Crucible Essay

1191 words - 5 pages portray senator Joseph McCarthy. The relation between Procter and Truman is an allegory Miller shows through developing Proctors character throughout the story. At the beginning of the play Procter is legitimately concerned about witchcraft but as the story progresses, and as Abigail builds upon her stories, he understands early on that it is all a lie. This is similar to Truman in that when the communism crisis was real he was concerned but when

Mccarthyism by A Myan.

1020 words - 4 pages construed as un-American and unpatriotic. Much like in the McCarthy era people feared criticizing the government because they would be persecuted as communists. There are many examples today where people risk their jobs by making "un-American" comments or having "un-American" opinions.Also the Patriot Act has made it possible for people to be imprisoned without due process of law the same way that Joseph McCarthy accused people of communism without

Communist Manifesto (By: Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels)

1392 words - 6 pages McCarthy saw communism as evil and wrong ("UW"), much like how Americans now see Iraqis and south Asians as terrorists and "wrongdoers". Joseph McCarthy was the senator of Wisconsin in the 1950's. McCarthy was an anti-communist; he believed that communism had "infested" the state department (UW). McCarthy surprised Americans when he listed 205 people that were considered "communists" working in the state department. McCarthy alone brought the "red

McCarthy and The Anti-communist Crusade

1293 words - 5 pages the State Department who have been named as members of the Communist Party and members of a spy ring I have here in my hand a list of 205 that were known to the Secretary of State as being members of the Communist Party and who nevertheless are still working and shaping the policy of the State Department. (Kallen 20) With this irrational statement, the Senator amplified the Red Scare to uncontrollable levels. Joseph McCarthy did not start the

What impact did Joseph McCarthy have on domestic politics in the USA?

898 words - 4 pages liberal". 5 He accused people like George Marshall, Dean Acheson for being too soft on Communism. 6 Using the fear of Communism of the Americans, McCarthy helped his colleague, Dwight Eisenhower, to become the President of the US, and Republicans to get back to power after nearly two decades. The Republicans were thankful to him and let him had a certain power, which he used it to investigate the people in the US government who were affiliated

Good Night and Good Luck

813 words - 3 pages In Good Night and Good Luck, director George Clooney follows the conflict between outspoken television journalist Edward R. Murrow and anti-communist Senator Joseph McCarthy during the hard times of the Red Scare. Murrow uses his television show to expose McCarthy’s fallacious arguments, while providing his own opinion on the matter. He begins by defending former Air Force pilot Milo Radulovich as not being the Communist agent McCarthy charges

Similar Essays

The Fear Of Communism In The United States: Joseph Mc Carthy Era

1704 words - 7 pages . Joseph McCarthy did not limit himself to accusing civilians of communism. Alleged communist infiltration of government agencies became McCarthy's political calling card. By the 1952 election, he had labeled Secretary of State George C. Marshall "a traitor," nicknamed Secretary of State Dean Acheson the "Red Dean of Fashion," attacked President Truman as a drunkard and "a son of a bitch [who] should be impeached," and repeatedly referred to

Joseph Mc Carthy And The Red Scare

696 words - 3 pages Joseph McCarthy, senator of Wisconsin during 1947 to 1957 was the man behind the mask of the red scare in the mid fifties. While still in office as a senator Joseph McCarthy talked himself and many others into the fact that communists where trying to infiltrate the country. He soon began to accuse completely innocent people of being in the communist party, many completely innocent people were charged, held in prison, or put on trial just because

Senator Joseph Mc Carthy And The Committee Of Unamerican Activities (Huac)

1024 words - 4 pages The political cartoon “It’s Okay--Were  Hunting Communists”manages to sum up the events and political chaos of "The Red Scare"(751, Government and Law). Specifically, the artist is able to mock President Harry Truman, Senator Joseph McCarthy, and The Committee of Unamerican Activities(HUAC). The artist use of facial expression and symbolism paints a picture for the audience, and their feelings towards these issues. The use of this political

The Rebirth Of Wwii Essay

747 words - 3 pages Rita Chen Rita Chen Ms Dean AP Eng - 6 4 November 2008 The Rebirth of World War II Reckless accusations during the McCarthyism era exploited fears in people in order to allow the silence of citizens and continue Joseph McCarthy's motives against Communism. In minimizing opposition against his intentions, McCarthy enforces certain actions be taken in order to promote his anticommunist efforts. Citizens responded to the