Joseph Smith Or Brigham Young's Contributions To The Mormon Movement

876 words - 4 pages

Joseph Smith or Brigham Young's Contributions to the Mormon Movement

Many settlers travelled east, but the most important religious group
to travel east was the Mormons. The Mormon religion was started by a
person called Joseph Smith. A Smith grew up on his farm, angles
appeared telling him there was a book (written upon golden plates) on
a hillside near Manchester, New York. Once dug up, the plates were
published in a translated version, which contained statements of his
father and brothers saying they had seen the plates. Smith started to
preach his new religion. He started off with five settlers which then
grew to several hundred by the end of 1830. Smith prayed for more
guidance and took the settlers to Kirtland, Ohio (to set up the “City
of God”). The Mormons achieved a lot in Kirtland, but an economic
crisis occurred, which lead to the Mormons being chased out of
Kirtland by the Non Mormons. Next, Smith took his settlers to
Missouri, where they left (due to the public hatred with the Mormons)
to Nauvoo. The population of the Mormons increased rapidly in Nauvoo,
which made them un-popular with the Non Mormons as they did not mix
in. Smith prayed for more guidance. He was told to allow Mormons to
practice polygamy. The Non Mormons built more hatred in the Mormons.
Smith was sent to jail and was later killed by a mob of Non Mormons.

After the death of the Mormon leader, a new leader called Brigham
Young was introduced. Young was convinced that the Mormons would not
live in peace anywhere in the east. He had guidebooks about the
Oregon Trail, which contained the most reserved place in the entire
west which was near the Great Salt Lake. Young was an excellent
organiser (he organised the move to Nauvoo), a down to earth man, and
was a determined man. He decided to move west and left Nauvoo in the
spring of 1846. The Mormons prepared for the great journey. As they
entered the South pass, they met a person called Jim Bridger, which
warned Young Salt Lake City is not the place to grow corn, as it gets

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