This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Journal Critique:Is There A Specific Relationship Between Childhood Sexual And Physical Abuse And Repeated Suicidal Behavior?

1186 words - 5 pages

Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect: The International JournalVolume 28, Issue 8, August 2004, Pages 863-875Is there a specific relationship between childhood sexual and physical abuse and repeated suicidal behavior?Mette Ystgaard, Ingbejorg Hestetun, Mitchell Leob, and Lars Mehlum PurposeStudies show that childhood sexual and physical abuses predict repeated suicide attempts and self-mutilation. Little is known about the importance of sexual and physical abuse when compared to other severe childhood adversities with respect to chronic suicidal behavior. The study presented in this journal was conducted in Oslo, Norway and attempts to assess the prevalence and relationship between abuse and suicide. The purpose of the article is to study the incidence of a wide range of severe childhood adverse experiences in a group of suicide attempters consecutively admitted to a general hospital by using the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) interview schedule. The study also investigates if there is a specific relationship between childhood sexual abuse and repeated suicide attempts and self-mutilation when taking into account and adjusting for other severe childhood adverse experiences.MethodsThis is a retrospective study of suicide attempters that were consecutively admitted to a general hospital in Oslo, Norway over a period of 26 months. The study is part of a larger follow-up study where the patients were also interviewed one year after the intake interview.SampleSeventy-four subjects, 65% being women, were interviewed as part of the intake interview about prior suicide attempts and self-mutilation and received DSM-IV diagnoses. Sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, antipathy from parents, loss of parents, and severe discord in the family before the age of 18, were covered by the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) interview schedule. Patients who had taken an overdose or deliberately injured themselves, reported suicide intent, and were older than 15 years of age, were included in the study. Patients were excluded if they were cognitively impaired or did not speak Norwegian.ProcedurePatients gave written informed consent to participate in the study. As part of the clinical routines, they were administered a semi-structured interview by a psychiatrist or psychiatric nurse at the hospital and completed self-rating forms. Within 14 days after the suicide attempt, they had a lengthy interview, including CECA about their childhood history.MeasuresAdverse experiences before the age of 18 were covered by the CECA interview. Most of the scales in the standard CECA interview are scored as 4-point scales from 1 (marked) to 4 (little or none). Scores of 1 and 2 on the CECA 4-point scale are combined, and called severe neglect, antipathy, physical abuse, sexual abuse and discord in the family, respectively. Scores of 3 and 4 on the CECA 4-point scale are combined into mild or no such event. Neglect from parents or parent substitutes is...

Find Another Essay On Journal Critique:Is there a specific relationship between childhood sexual and physical abuse and repeated suicidal behavior?

Childhood Sexual Abuse Essay

1041 words - 4 pages days, and engaging in more unprotected sex. Some studies have explored the relationship between child abuse and adult IPV in relation to other outcomes. Both childhood physical and sexual abuse were associated with women’s reports of negative health outcomes, including perceived poor health, chronic mental health conditions, and recent drug use, even when controlling for adult victimization (Thompson, Arias, Basile,2002). Women attending a

Childhood Sexual Abuse Essay

1314 words - 5 pages wait until they are older and feel safe to "come out" with the truth. Many children may want to protect the abuser because he or she may be a family member. In these cases, the child may wait until the death of their abuser to tell of their suffering.In sexual abuse cases, there are three distinct characteristics to indicate that abuse may be taking place with the victim. These characteristics include physical complaints, emotional indicators, and

Relationship between Obesity and Physical Activity

1700 words - 7 pages the government, academia, and the medical community to produce healthier product varieties and help inform consumers about their lifestyle choices. The problem of obesity is complex and yet there is no single strategy that has be most effective. The need for a comprehensive approach was stressed recently in The Surgeon General's Vision for a Healthy and Fit Nation 2010 and the 2010 report of the White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity

Childhood Sexual Abuse

1787 words - 8 pages also found that women who were dependent on alcohol were three times more likely to have endured sexual abuse during a prolonged period of time. But there was no relationship found between sexual abuse and alcohol abuse in victims between the ages of 13 and 17. This study found that there is an association between sexual abuse under the age of 13 and alcohol abuse later on in life and it also found a link between sexual abuse and mental problems

Counseling Childhood Physical Abuse

2207 words - 9 pages To counsel a child who has come from an abusive home it is imperative for the counselor to know and recognize the signs and effect of abuse before assessment and eventual treatment can occur.  One of the greatest plights a child may face during their childhood is abuse.  Even afterward the effects of abuse can last a lifetime, but it has no control of how a child will act when they become an adult, though many blame past abuse on current actions

The Relationship Between Substance Abuse and Crime

1656 words - 7 pages promote the use of substances (Sewell, Poling and Sofuoglu, 189). Similarly, some experts argue that criminal behaviors promote the use of substances (Greenfield, 12). Yet again, other experts hold that there is a third aspect, for instance an individual’s genetic make-up or his environment that exposes the individual to substance abuse as well as criminal activities (Walker, 73). The relationship between alcohol or drug abuse and crime is

Relationship Between Body and Mind and Physical Well-being

621 words - 3 pages There is a special two-way communication between mind and body and it is known that psychological problems like anxiety or stress, which occurs in the mind, may take control over the body and cause illnesses and disorders and vice-versa. In this paper, we will look at the mind-body relationship and the body-mind relationship and note that the mind is about thought, consciousness, mental images and processes while the body is about how the brain

Childhood Problems: Physical Child Abuse

1128 words - 5 pages One of the biggest problems a child may face during their childhood is abuse. Knowing the signs is the easiest ways to recognize abuse, especially physical abuse. Because abuse often thrives in privacy it is important to teach children the differences between good secrets and bad secrets. It is also important to know the differences between abuse and poverty, which can often look similar. Even afterwords the effects of abuse can last a

The Relationship Between Sexual Taxonomies and Ideas of the Self

1920 words - 8 pages undertaken and the constant problems social discourses have created when homosexuals attempt to self-identify. They both aim to get the audience to re-think about sexual structures to include factors or gender, identity and sexual practice. It is a reality that society needs to accept about the relationship between sexuality, gender and sexual practices of both genders regardless of sexual preference. References: Articles: Rich

Sexual and Relationship needs between the Two Genders

708 words - 3 pages My paper will be referring to Dr. Kristen Mark and Sarah H. Murrays’ article, “Gender Differences in Desire Discrepancy as a Predictor of Sexual and Relationship Satisfaction in a College Sample of Heterosexual Romantic Relationships”. The article was published in the Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 38:198–215, 2012. Dr. Kristen Mark is currently “a sex and relationships researcher and assistant professor of health promotion at University of

Examine the relationship between drug abuse and crime

1747 words - 7 pages due to the effects they have on the user's behavior and by generating violence and other illegal activities. Offences committed due to being intoxicated or as a consequence of intoxication can include any type of crime, although there are some specific offences such as driving under the influence of drugs. Another main reason is the need for the abuser to feed his addiction, which may also result in criminal behaviour. Dependent users of heroin

Similar Essays

Child Physical, Emotional, And Sexual Abuse

3369 words - 13 pages to depressive symptoms in non-Hispanic whites and Mexican Americans. Child physical abuse was the strongest predictor of adult depression and the only significant predictor for each ethic group (Roosa et al., 1999, Conclusion, 5).In June 1999, Paul M. Miller and David Lisak investigated the relationship between childhood abuse and personality disorders (Introduction Section, 2). The sample included 619 college males with a mean age of 28.8 years

Sexual Abuse In Childhood And Adolescence

1735 words - 7 pages caretaker to make a reasonable effort to stop child sexual abuse by another person. (Castillo, 2014) This definition, although disturbingly specific, helps prevent any inappropriate behaviors with a minor child from slipping through the cracks. Although this behavior is punishable by law and is deemed inappropriate by many people, it still does not cease to occur on a daily basis. One of the most important pieces to defining child sexual abuse is that

Sexual Abuse In Childhood And Adolescence

1760 words - 8 pages -Lucatero, A. G., Trujillo-Hernandez, B., Millan-Guerrero, R. O., & Vasquez, C. (2009). Prevalence of childhood sexual abuse among Mexican adolescents. Child: Care, Health & Development, 35(2), 184-189. Szanto, L., Lyons, J., & Kisiel, C. (2012). Childhood trauma experience and the expression of problematic sexual behavior in children and adolescents in state custody. Residential Treatment for Children & Youth, 29(3), 231-249.

Relationship Between Obesity And Physical Activity

1651 words - 7 pages overweight girls and seven percent of overweight boys reported disordered eating, low self-esteem, suicidal thoughts, and abuse in the same population (Neumark-Sztainer, & Hannon, 2000). If our society continues to make snacks and foods for kids high in sugars and fats, childhood obesity may become a life sentence that deals with the children not only physically but emotionally. Indeed, the concerns for childhood obesity are extensive, involving not