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Journalism Paper

1655 words - 7 pages

Robert W. McChesney and John Nichols in the "Death And Life Of American Journalism", begin their arguments that the old world we knew of journalism is dead. They begin their argument saying they both believe the government is the only savior left to bring the importance of journalism back into the world.In the first chapter, both author's main focus is why the fall of journalism is such a crisis, what is killing newspapers and commercial journalism. They state that the emergence of the Internet to revolutionize and communicate have blown up the business model of newspaper publishing. The Internet is taking away classified advertising and taking away readers who can find online articles for free and not have to pay for it. The Internet is radically less expensive means of production and distribution. The authors also state in chapter one that "the number of newspapers sold per person in the US has been in decline since the 1940s". They also want the readers who believe this problem will effect only the future of journalism they state " we are far long on this crisis of unaccountable leadership, secrecy, corruption and hollowed out democracy, with the news media having played all too complicit a role. This crisis is represented by industrial bailouts that receive scant scrutinity by members of Congress, let alone the voters, and wars launched on the basis of fantasy rather than face." (pg27) Chapter one is also based on the revenues of newspapers and how they are plummeting because of less and less readers. The internet is beginning to take away all revenues associated with classified ads. " The New York Times adervtising revenues plunged 45 percent from 2006-09. In three years, the ratio of advertising revenue to circulation income fell from 2 to 1, to 1 to 1". (pg 29)Just in the first few chapters, there are proposed solutions that are brought to attention to propose ideas on how to save what we knew as journalism. The focus is on professional journalism. Professional journalism was seen to remove controversy from the news and soon made it less expensive to produce. It was also a field that did not cost much to put reporters where politically powered people met. Professional journalism was also thought to be seen as an open door to public relations industry, eager to provide reporters with material. Professional journalism soon became an unsatisfactory solution because news was always important to both the rich, poor, and all classes, but it soon shifted just to the upper class.The next chapter begins to talk about the direct bailouts that can be giving to the news corporations to directly transfer, to help keep the newsrooms alive. The author's offer a sequence of innovations including the "citizen news vouchers" and low profit newsrooms. They write, " The government will pay half the salary of every reporter and editor up to $45,000 each. Assuming most daily and weekly newspapers will go post corporate and employment returns to the high-...

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