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Judaism And Islam Essay

1760 words - 7 pages

Comparative ReligionComparing Judaism and IslamIntroduction of the religionJudaism is a very old monotheistic religion. The year One of the Jewish calendar corresponds to year 3760 BCE. According to history that is the year when Adam and Eve were created (American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, 2008). Judaism is based on thirteen principals of faith outlined by Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon (Rich, 2001):1. God Exists2. God is one and unique3. God is incorporeal4. God is eternal5. Prayer is to be directed to God alone and to no other6. The words of the prophets are true7. Moses' prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets8. The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses9. There will be no other Torah10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of men11. God will reward the good and punish the wicked12. The Messiah will come13. The dead will be resurrectedJudaism is a history of relationships (Rich, 2001), relationships between God and its worshipers and followers, and relationships between people. And the story of Judaism starts with Abraham, who is considered to be a father of Judaism. According to history, Judaism started when Abraham went into a covenant with God, or Creator, that he was worshiping. The God offered to give him a great nation and bless him; in return Abraham was supposed to leave his idol worshiping family (Rich, 2001). Later, after Jewish people spent time as slaves in Egypt, God led them out under the leadership of Moses to Mount Sinai. There, as history tells us, God had appeared to Moses and presented him with Torah, which Moses wrote down and people accepted, thus themselves coming into a covenant with God (Rich, 2001). Torah is the first five Books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, sometimes called the Pentateuch. Torah is considered to be the most important document in Judaism. In Christian Bible it is known as an Old Testament. The five books of Torah contain the religious Law by which all Jewish people have to abide. This religious Law is a collection of 613 commandments and historical descriptions of what happened in the beginning when the Judaism was formed. (Fisher, 2008)Comparing and contrasting with another religionIslam is a religion that is both controversial as well as at the height of American interest. Islam is the term used for the religion begun by Mohammed in Arabia in the early 600's. The word Islam translates to mean "Submission" or "to the will of God". The people who practice Islam are called Muslim meaning "one who submits". Muslims adhere to five main practices of Islam, often referred to as the "five pillars of Islam". To many Islam is considered to be not just a religion but a way of life. Islam teaches its followers to live in peace and harmony with the Creator, oneself, other people and the environment. (Islam Today, 2001-2007).Muslims also believe that Mohammed is...

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