1.4 Judges are typically white men with strong political connections. Do you see any problems with this in terms of fairness in sentencing?
Judges allocation of outcomes is constrained by a diversity of factors; race has no weight on sentencing. What is taken into consideration is the severity of the crime and the individual’s criminal history. The judge has to consult the Constitution and a group of statutes and court rules that governs sentencing procedure in that given jurisdiction.
When considering procedures for sentencing, it is important to know that the outset that sentencing is an area in which jurisdictions vary considerably, and to distinguish the differences in sentencing systems may have an important bearing on the applicable procedures.
Nonetheless, except where mandatory sentencing guidelines apply, criminal judges maintain a fair degree of discretion. However they are compel to follow the rules of sentencing. Civil judges also have considerable flexibility in fashioning a remedy, in terms of both the type of remedy whether is monetary vs. other restitution and the amount allocated to the victim. In allocating some resource, decision makers can rely on several different principles of distributive justice.
2. What is the Court Room Workgroup? Define the role of each member of the Courtroom Workgroup
A Courtroom Workgroup is an unofficial arrangement between the criminal prosecutor, criminal defense attorney, and the judge who work together are able to smoothly and efficiently handle cases through cooperative plea-bargaining processes. Because of their position in the justice system, judges have the ability to define the level of their involvement in the processing of criminal cases. How they define their role strongly affects interpersonal relations in the courtroom and the way the group performs its duties, because it deliberate by the way it disposes of cases.
Since the courtroom workgroup deviates from the public consensus of how justice works, it has developed a deviant set of qualities to continue its work and facilitate daily life for the participants. Efficient courtroom workgroups seek to process cases rather than dispense justice. The legal merits of the case are the true determinative factors of an outcome.
Judges: is the person who is eminent on the Bench in the front of the courtroom. While the Judge is mandate by law to rule on the admissibility of the evidence as it comes into trial, the jury is empowered by law to rule on the reliability of the evidence. In addition the judge accepts or approves the guilty pleas when the defendant waives the rights to trial.
Criminal Prosecutor: is a representative of the State or Federal government whose job is to prosecute individuals who have committed crimes and to take legal action for this violation. These are the individuals that will go into the court room and argue to the judge and/or jury that the defendant has committed a crime and should be...