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Judiasm. Essay

1058 words - 4 pages

Contents1.0INTRODUCTION2.0JUDAISM2.1Beliefs2.2Torah2.3Holidays and Traditions2.3.1Chanukah2.3.2Shabbat2.4Buildings and Places2.5Judaism in Australia3.0CONCLUSION4.0BIBLIOGRAPHY1.0INTRODUCTIONJudaism, a monotheistic religion, so as Christianity and Islam, originally came from the Hebrews. The Hebrews believed that God was their special protector and was everything, the most powerful, and present everywhere. Like the other two religions, Judaism also has a holy book called the Torah. The Torah is a sacred recording of laws and events in Jewish history. The Jews believe that God gave them the Ten Commandments through Moses, which he was called "the Lawgiver? According to the Jewish tradition, God made a covenant, or agreement with Abraham, the founder of Judaism. One similarity between the Christianity and Judaism is that they both fast at a certain designated times of the year. Not only does Judaism had similarities between the two religions, the other two religions - Christianity and Islam were strongly influenced by Judaism2.0JUDAISM2.1BeliefsJudaism has no dogma, no formal set of beliefs that one must hold to be a Jew. In Judaism, actions are far more important than beliefs, although there is certainly a place for belief within Judaism. The closest that anyone has ever come to creating a widely-accepted list of Jewish beliefs is Rambam's thirteen principles of faith. The torah contains 613 Mitzvot (commandments) these have been contained to Rambam's thirteen principles of faith, which he thought were the minimum requirements of Jewish belief, are; God exists, God is one and unique, God is incorporeal, God is eternal, Prayer is to be directed to God alone and to no other , The words of the prophets are true, Moses's prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets, The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses, There will be no other Torah, God knows the thoughts and deeds of men, God will reward the good and punish the wicked, The Messiah will come and The dead will be resurrectedThere are 3 types of Jews. Orthodox Jews, which believe that the torah given by god can never change, they follow all laws of Judaism exactly. Reform Jews believe that the Torah has been changed to fit the new age world, therefore believe that the Torah can be interpreted however they which. Finally the is the Conservitave Jew, thes people do not follow the Torah but still celerbrate Jewish holidays, some of these people do not believe in God.2.2TorahThe word "Torah" can mean different things in different contexts. In its most limited sense, "Torah" refers to the Five Books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. But the word "torah" can also be used to refer to the entire Jewish bible (the body of scripture known to non-Jews as the Old Testament and to Jews as the Tanakh or Written Torah), or in its broadest sense, to the whole body of...

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