In the beginning, approximately from 753BC to 338BC, Rome was simply a city-state founded by Italic tribes in central Italy (Consolidation of Italy, April 23rd, 2014). Around 338BC however, the Roman Republic began to take control. There are various reasons for the rise of Rome that include naval dominance, appeasement, improved stability, protection, commerce and government, standardization, infrastructural advance, food allocation, military prowess, and geopolitical (Reasons for Rise of Rome, April 23rd, 2014). Rome soon took complete control over numerous countries, and caused some serious lasting impacts including democracy, national borders, and Rome was actually coined with the term, “Original Western Superpower” (Lasting Impacts, April 23rd, 2014).
Ancient Rome had very little innovations in their time. They mostly adopted their technology from the Etruscans and the Greek people (Milani-Santarpia, April 23rd, 2014). Although their innovations were few and far between, the achievements that were accomplished during the Roman Era included triumphal arches, aqueducts, bronze valves, water pumps, medical and surgical tools, cesareans, fast-curing cement, reinforced concrete, and even the calendar we use today (Milani-Santarpia, April 23rd, 2014). Even though Rome didn’t have many innovations, the one’s they did have are still being used today.
Many aspects of Roman culture help make Rome unique, even today, but most people recognize Rome because of the buildings and landmarks that litter Rome. Some of the landmarks that people know as Roman are, but not limited to, the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, St. Peter’s Basilica, the Catacombs, Pantheon, the Vatican, the Sistine Chapel, the Castel Sant’ Angelo, the Old Appian Way, and the Spanish Steps (Rome’s Unique History, April 24th, 2014). These landmarks are what people see and remember as “Ancient Rome.”
Rome, from when it began in 753BC, to the fall of Ancient Rome in 476AD, had a plethora of major events in its history. In 509BC, Rome became a Republic. Later, in 218BC, Hannibal invaded Italy. In 45BC, Julius Caesar became the first dictator of Rome, and in 44BC, Caesar was assassinated. In 27BC, the Roman Empire begins, but in 64AD most of Rome burns. In 80AD the Colosseum is built, and in 122AD, the Hadrian Wall is built. In 306AD Constantine became Emperor. Rome splits in 395AD, and the Visigoths sack Rome in 410. The final event was in 476 when the Western Roman Empire ended and Ancient Rome fell (Roman Empire Timeline, April 24th, 2014).
It is hard to determine specifically how large Rome actually was, but it is said that Ancient Rome conquered Western Europe, and numerous lands surrounding them. At the height of Rome’s power, around 150AD, Rome controlled what was called the greatest empire ever seen in Europe at that time (Chris Trueman, April 24th, 2014). The only other country Rome was worried about taking over was the Carthaginians. After defeating the Carthaginians, Rome became...