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Julius Caesar Essay

1251 words - 5 pages

Julius Caesar


Julius Caesar is one of the famous personalities of the world history. It was Caesar who ended the Roman republic and paved the way for the later Roman emperors. Although there is a lot written about him, there was always debate if he was a hero or a villain. But for many people, including myself, Caesar is an interesting person. I will give the facts of his remarkable life and leave you to decide if he was a hero or tyrant.
When Caesar was a young boy he had to escape the wrath of the dictator Sulla. This man had taken all power to defend the Republic and tried to cleanse the state from its enemies. Caesar was eventually pardoned, but Sulla did have an astonishing foresight. He predicted that the stubborn boy would become dangerous.
Caesar was the last descendant of the ancient clan of the Julii, but although they were patricians and intermarried with other senatorial families, they were totally poor. He was educated in rhetoric, philosophy and law, like other patricians. But after his near brush with death did the eighteen-year old youth decide to enter the army.
This was the beginning of an astonishing military career. He became second in command of the province Asia. In two years he discerned himself by his bravery, strength, skill and courage in battle. After these years he went back to Rome. He served as officer in Crassus's army against Spartacus and climbed steadily up in the government by serving as official in the provinces. He remarried a wealthy wife and allied with Crassus, then the richest man in Rome. Their contestant was Pompeius Magnus. Caesar coveted and gained the lifetime function of Pontifex maximus, high priest of the people of Rome. In 61Bc he received a military post as governor of Spain. He ruthlessly suppressed all resistance and returned as war hero in Rome(Meier156-157).

The consulate was his next goal. The two consuls held the power of state and were nominated each year. But the senate refused to consider his efforts and tried to play Crassus, Pompeius and Caesar against each other. Caesar noticed this and did something believed impossible. He created an alliance between him and the other two to share all power. The senate was effectively bypassed and the First Triumvirate was born. This agreement dictated the Roman policy for the next decade. They shared all offices between them and their followers and that's the way Caesar became Governor of Gaul Transalpinia. He had three legions under his command, but when the Helvetii invaded Gaul and Italy he accidentally got command of an additional army. After he crushed the Helvetii he turned his attention on the Celts. When this part of the drama had been enacted the real struggle began.

With Gallia conquered, Caesar turned his mind fully to the political arena. In 51Bc, he proposed to the Senate to extend his governership another 2 years, which allowed him to run for consul in the year 48Bc. He said that he earned it based on his...

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