Ever wondered what it takes to be a good king or ruler? Julius Caesar is one of the most famous rulers of all time. He was one of Rome’s greatest and most powerful leaders. His changes to the empire helped take Rome to new levels of success. The life of Caesar was short, yet great. It is important to learn about this great man and his many accomplishments.
Gaius Julius Caesar was born on July 13th, 100 B.C. to a poor, Patrician family in Rome (“Julius Caesar”; Gruen 12). For most of his young life, Caesar lived in an apartment type house in one of the poorest districts in Rome. He was a strong student and studied such subjects as oratory, philosophy, and even martial arts. Coming from a family that is believed to have a long ancestry of Roman royalty, Caesar quickly found success in Rome at a young age. Caesar married Cornelia, his first wife, at age 17 (“Julius Caesar”; Gruen 12).
The first of many political offices that Caesar would hold in Rome was the office or praetor. Elected in his first time to run, Caesar was elected to this position in 62 B.C.
He also was elected this way when elected consul in 59 B.C. Even with other Roman senators trying to keep him out of office, Caesar continued to hold power and make alliances with other political leaders such as Pompey and Crassus (“Julius Caesar;” Gruen 13). Pompey himself helped Caesar in becoming consul because Caesar gave land for the poor and Pompey’s troops (Combee 95).
After success and alliances with other countries’ leaders, Caesar went to Gaul in an attempt to conquer more land and further stretch his power. Conquering many lands in Gaul, Caesar took nine years to finish his campaigns. By treating the Gauls fairly, Caesar became very well-liked and popular amongst the people (Combee 95). Naturally, Caesar was more of a politician than a soldier, but still he only lost two battles while in Gaul (Gruen 13). He passed a law that gave himself a five-year rule in Gaul, and he was elected to another five-year term after his first one was over. Overall, Caesar’s campaigns brought in success and greatness for the Roman empire, but in his campaigns, he was forced to wipe out nearly one million people in Gaul (“Julius Caesar”).
The more conservative people in Rome did not like Caesar and continued to block his attempts at being re-elected to political offices (Gruen 13; “Julius Caesar“). It did not help that Pompey took the conservatives’ side on many topics, which hurt Caesar’s political campaigns even more (Gruen 13). After crossing the Rubicon river on January 10, 49 B.C., Caesar defeated Pompey and his troops, and his army forced Pompey’s to surrender (Gruen 13; “Julius Caesar“). In his attempt to go after Pompey, Caesar fled to Egypt and conquered many groups in Italy along the way(Gruen 13; “Julius Caesar“). Once in Italy, Caesar met Cleopatra and eventually, the two would
marry (Gruen 13).
While in Egypt, Caesar fought Pompey, his sons,...