Jungian Analysis Of Fairytales

3313 words - 13 pages

Carl Jung is one of the most celebrated psychologists of the 20th century. He is responsible for developing several theories on the unconscious and human psyche, such as the ideas of introversion and extraversion, and the four psychic functions (these various theories will be discussed at length in the next section of this work,) which have influenced not only 20th century psychology, but also philosophy and the arts. His theories also provide one of the most widely accepted alternate views of the human psyche to Freud's popular psycho-sexual approach to the unconscious. To fully understand the theories of Jung, and its fundamental differences from Freud, it is essential to understand the development of his theories, and to do so, requires knowledge of Jung's life and the events which led him to develop his ideas. This essay will attempt to give a brief overview of the life of Carl Jung, and in doing so, to provide greater insight into the roots of Jung's theories and beliefs.From his earliest years, Jung was exposed to influences which would later impact upon his theories of psychoanalysis. Jung was born on the 26th of July, 1875 in the town of Kessewil, Switzerland, to country parson, Paul Jung, and Emilie Jung. Growing up, Jung was surrounded by a well educated extended family, causing him to follow many intellectual pursuits; for example his father began to teach him Latin at the age of six, and eventually, Jung learnt many different languages, including most western European ones, and the ancient language of Sanskrit. This knowledge and interest increased Jung's exposure to countless sources of mythology and literature, such as the Kabala, I Ching, Buddhism, Gnosticism and alchemy, giving him the foundations that he would base much of his psychoanalysis on.Jung began a study of medicine on entering the University of Basel, where he soon came under the mentorship of the world famous neurologist Krafft-Ebing. It was under Krafft-Ebing, that Jung settled on psychology as a career. Ironically, psychology was not Jung's first career choice, he had wanted to study archaeology, but his parents had not been rich enough to send him away to a university which offered the course.The interest which Jung developed in psychiatry and psychology carried on after he graduated in 1900; he took on a position at the University of Zurich, working in the Burghoeltizli Mental Hospital under Eugene Bleuler (a specialist, and the namer of schizophrenia.)It was in the Burchoeltzli that many of Jung's theories about the unconscious were formulated. Many people consider his work at the Burchoeltzli, one of the main reasons for his ideological split with Freud - while Freud had studied mainly middle class neurotics, Jung studied lower class psychotics. Jung began to develop the concept of the autonomous and unconscious complex, the theory of free association, and invented word association whilst working at the Burchoeltzli. He also formed the belief that the mentally...

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