Carl Jung was a Swedish psychiatrist and a psychologist. And during his 86 years of life, from1875 to 1961 developed the analytical psychology. He based his theories on the works of his close friend and mentor Sigmund Freud: the psychoanalytical theories. Early on in his career Jung followed Freud and supported his theories, but as Jung found aspects of Freud's theories that he found disagreements with, Jung parted and formulated his own (Anthony). In turn, his theories would "go beyond psychology and affect theology, philosophy, and anthropology", according to George H. Pollock in World Book Encyclopedia.
Jung was born on July 26, 1875 in Kesswil, Switzerland. Son to Johnannes Paul Achilles Jung, a priest, Jung well understood religion and tradition. His childhood was filled with times spent alone exploring his fantasies and dreams which developed a life long interest in superstition and mythology. Later this would become the foundation for his theories, explains Pollock.
At first, Jung entered the University of Basil interested in the field of archaeology, but his interests changed. In 1902, he graduated from the University of Zurich as an expert in the field of medicine (a doctor). Along with a good background on biology, zoology, paleontology, and archaeology, Jung went to study reactions and responses that patients had to "stimulus" words. Jung referred to these reactions as "complexes". With the documentation of this work, Jung won international renown and found himself befriending Freud.
That year, 1907, Jung and Freud became the best of friends, debating and conversating every concept, every notion that came to them about their studies. Each, bringing out a deeper level of theoretical thought within of the other. But, every great mind thinks differently, and disputes brought this friendship to an end in 1913. In 1912, Jung published his Psychology of the Unconscious, parting his theories from that of his colleague's. Jung thought Freud emphasis on sexual instincts on human behavior was a bit much, therefore, ending his friendship with his companion.
During the last 50 years of Jung's life, he made trips to a variety of different countries. He expanded his knowledge on mythology and history by doing so and it resulted in the publication of his Psychological Types in 1921 (Encarta).
Jung continued to write on his analytical psychology theories along with the relationship between religious beliefs and psychological therapy until his death on June 6, 1961 (http://www.eskimo.com/~dcs).
Jung explains his theories in the psychological sense. He divided his theory into 3 core parts or psyches. First is the ego. This is the conscious state of every human, the personified traits and characteristics everyone shows to the world. "The second psyche is the personal unconscious" (Gannon, http://usd.edu/~tgannon/Jungbio.html). This division would include memories or recollections of past...