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How Did Ideology Shape The Forces Of Change In Your Study Of Cuba?

1675 words - 7 pages

Ideology is a system of belief reflecting the social needs and aspirations of an individual, group, class, or culture. It is a set of doctrines or beliefs that form the basis of a political, economic, or other system that results in change. Ideologies acts as a catalyst to motivate, encourage and shape the forces of change in Cuba. Ideologies that 'revolutionised' Cuba were different, contradictory and provocative which has lead to conflicts as well as new government that shaped Cuba today. America is a capitalist nation and they aimed to spread their sphere of influence through imperialism and their ideal system of government, democracy. The Spanish wanted to spread their power through Colonisation, a concept derived from Darwin's theory 'survival of the fittest' in which it is believed that the stronger survives while the weak dies, in this case having colonies is having power. Batista's ideology was a militarism belief i.e. control of country through military force. Castro believed in Nationalism because he wanted an independent Cuba free of America's control while at the same time holding a Socialist view that eventually morphed into Communism. These groups with different belief wanted to spread and make their ideal ideology into reality. In doing so, it placed Cuba into a situation of ideological conflict that has resulted in dramatic change of Cuba.The origin of Cuba can be traced back to the 16th century when superpowers such as Spain, Britain, Frank, Dutch etc were all searching the 'New World' for colonisation because of the belief that colonisation was the key to power. As a result, Cuba was effectively colonised by Spain where it faced economic, social and cultural control and exploitation. Cubans believed in nationalism, an independent government free of Spanish's oppressive regime. They were inspired by many of Spain's New World holdings that achieved independence and to revive Democratic freedom that were granted to them in 1762 when the British held Havana for a year, but was stripped when the Spanish regained control. The Spanish also did not fulfil their promise during the Ten Years' War and their iron-fisted control of Cuba was becoming repressive. Decades of rebellion saw Cuba declare independence but also saw Cuba being placed under control by America and a Pro-American autocrat, Batista. The growing desire of the people for a free Cuba saw yet another revolution, one that saw Cuba become a communist state under its present leader, Premier Fidel Castro.United States wanted to spread their imperialist view and increase their sphere of influence. The United States had been interested in Cuba in 1784 when the President John Adams described Cuba as "a natural extension of the North American continent." This statement became known as the Monroe Doctrine which states that 'any attempt by a European power to influence or colonise any independent nation in the Americas would be seen as an attack on the peace and safety of the United...

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