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How Do G. Orwell And A. Huxley Use Characters To Depict The Dystopias In "1984" And In "Brave New World"?

1837 words - 7 pages

Regardless of various similarities and noteworthy parallels, which this presentation will discuss, George Orwell's and Aldoux Huxley's dystopias did not prophesy the same thing.Whereas Brave New World's society came to love their oppression, deprived, by scientific method, of the ability to think, the 1984 community is constantly oppressed by external forces, control being inflicted by fear and pain.To define a Dystopia without Huxley's or Orwell's enhancements; it is the opposite of Utopia, and unlike in a utopian novel, in which the writer aims to portray the perfect human society; a dystopian novel does the exact opposite: it shows the worst human society imaginable, in an effort to convince people to avoid any path that might lead toward such societal degradation. ( presentation will attempt to establish the contrasts, as well as the general similarities, between Brave New World and 1984, by drawing parallels between prominent characters in the two novels, and their perceptions, actions and motivations. Through effective use of literary arts such as imagery, symbolism, diction and irony, Huxley and Orwell warn present day society of the dangers of deprivation of freedom. They address major themes such as the perils of an all-powerful state, technological domination and the loss of individuality in the benefits of a political regime.Predominantly, it would be wise to draw the first and inevitable parallel between the two protagonists: Winston Smith of 1984 and John of BNW. Winston Smith, a member of the Outer Party, a man simple in his nature and appearance, comes to realize and loath the immense oppression of the regime in 1984. His personal tendency to resist the stifling of his individuality, and his intellectual ability to reason about his resistance, enables the reader to observe and understand the harsh oppression that the Party, Big Brother, and the Thought Police institute. Orwell's use of irony with arguably, elements of bitter sarcasm, highlights Winston's doomed, cleverly defiant mind: 'The Thought Police would get him just the same. He had committed- would still have committed, even if he had never sat pen on paper, the essential crime that contained all others in itself. Thoughtcrime, they called.' The sharply sarcastic irony can here be observed in the description of 'thoughtcrime': Winston's character is doomed from the start. whether or not he undertook the act of physical rebellion by purchasing a diary, he still realizes his fate from the very beginning, he shall be vaporized. Orwell ironically stresses that the totalitarian authorities inflict such levels of repression, that thinking in itself becomes crime, and the actual acts of rebellion become insignificant whatsoever. A clear distinction can be drawn between the context of Orwell's time and the frightening dystopia he foreshadows, in which thoughts are fatal, through his protagonist's eyes. Sparknotes informs that Orwell lived amongst destitute coal...

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