How Successfully Did Ferdinand And Isabella Consolidate Royal Authority From 1474 To 1492?

2421 words - 10 pages

Upon becoming the joint monarchs of Castile and Aragon, one of the main challenges that Ferdinand and Isabella faced was to extend the crown's authority over the Iberian peninsula thus increasing the stability of the kingdom and power of the crown. This was a daunting task, especially given the power of grandees such as Mendoza and Carillo at the time. The Catholic kings had some considerable success in consolidating royal authority, but there were limitations on this success and compromises were made; especially in the kingdom of Aragon. This will largely be an essay on Castile, as Castile was the dominant body in Spain, but I will consider the substantial differences in the administration and other areas of Aragon which, arguably, meant that the monarchs were considerably less successful at consolidating their authority there.One key area in which the monarchs were successful is in extending the prestige of the crown and international respect for it. One way in which they did this was via the direct use of strong personal authority. Particularly in the first half of their reign, a critical era for the crown when the civil war was coming to a close, the monarchs traveled across Spain carrying out various official duties such as administering justice. The fact that there were two monarchs effectively doubled the sense of personal presence that they could create. This was a source of morale in the civil war; lending somewhat of a feeling to loyal towns and villages that the queen was with them. This had a peace-time effect too: it has been remarked that "Few residents did not see Isabella at some time in their lives". This created a strong sense of ubiquity helping to instill a sense of loyalty in subjects and demonstrating, through the personal dispensation of justice, that there is a higher power than the regional noble for people living in noble territory. However perhaps the effects of this were limited for the grandees; the real centre of 15th century power in the Iberian peninsula.However; perhaps more important for the crown's prestige were the victories in the civil wars, and more importantly, in Granada. The success of the civil war campaign played a factor: although with the benefit of hindsight neither France nor Portugal were sternly "defeated" as such in the civil war, both the French and the Portugese backed down from the conflict. Overcoming the era's superpower; France and Portugal simultaneously was sure to build respect for the new monarchy in both the national and the international community. The war in Granada also had an effect on prestige: in the early modern era it was hugely beneficial for any regality to win prestige and honour in successful foreign wars, least of all against the Moors. At a time when the Ottoman empire was expanding in the East, success in the reconquista of Granada marked out the Catholic kings as being uniquely successful and also illustrated that the crown would not back-down from the ominous message...

Find Another Essay On How successfully did Ferdinand and Isabella consolidate royal authority from 1474 to 1492?

To what extent were the policies of Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain motivated by religious considerations?

671 words - 3 pages deemed as a plan to distract the nobility's armies and keep them engaged, whilst the crown 'spoon fed' the nobility and then awarded them, in bid to keep them under control and loyal?I believe that religion did play a huge part on the policies of Isabella and Ferdinand; particularly Isabella, however I believe that they were also able to manipulate religious excuses to suit their political, economical and social gain - for instance in the war against the Moors in Granada.

How did Hitler consolidate power and keep control between 1933- 1939?

1486 words - 6 pages Centre Party to vote for the bill in order to balance it out and he did so by saying he was in the process of signing a concordat with the Pope. This Act gave Hitler virtually complete dictatorial powers as in effect he no longer needed Hindenburg to pass decrees. By July 1933 a law was passed against the formation of New parties turning Germany into a one party state, free from new parties and consequently opposition arising.In order to achieve

How to successfully Market!

578 words - 2 pages service. You do this by figuring things such what exactly are your purchasers purchasing, what are you REALLY attempting to sell? How are you going about selling this? How much is this going to cost you and how much do you stand to make? Which of your products has the most promotable potential?Now that you've defined your product and or service, now you must figure out who are you trying to sell these thing to? Who is your target market? Draw a

How successfully did Pitt deal with the impact of the French revolution to 1801?

1304 words - 5 pages close to being pointless because, as had happened in France, the majority of force came from the lower, illiterate classes. The writings of Mary Wollstonecraft and Thomas Hardy, for example, were under scrutiny; but it made no difference to the illiterate classes; it was a battle for the bourgeoisie to argue. However, that being said, some literature did make an effect on the wider masses, for instance Tom Paine's 'The Right's of Man' (which was

Coulrophobia: How to successfully identify and overcome phobias.

1313 words - 5 pages I decided to use a phobia that I suffer from. I suffer from coulrophobia, a persistent, abnormal, and irrational fear of clowns that compels avoidance, despite the understanding by the phobic individual and reassurance by others that there is no danger.And my fear extends to circus music, clown outfits, clown voices, etc.... My mother claims I have been coulrophic since birth, but for this essay I need to pinpoint a moment in my life that could

How Shakespeare Presents the Encounter between Ferdinand and Miranda from Lines 450-499

742 words - 3 pages How Shakespeare Presents the Encounter between Ferdinand and Miranda from Lines 450-499 The encounter between Miranda and Ferdinand in lines 450-499 of The Tempest is presented using three characters, Miranda, Ferdinand, and Prospero. Miranda and Ferdinand have fallen in love at first sight to Prospero’s delight, though he doesn’t want them to fall in love too quickly or interfere with his plans, so he lies to Miranda

Dicuss how Oliver Parker has interpreted Shakespeare's "Othello", to what end and how successfully.

1121 words - 4 pages his audience successfully. Jealousy manifests itself through two main characters in the play; Othello and Iago. In Othello's case his jealousy can be directly linked to his insecurity, feelings of inferiority, faltering pride but most importantly, his skin colour. Throughout the play, Othello is slowly transformed from a confident leader, to an insecure, epileptic 'tool.' However, Othello's path to destruction was not entirely his fault. The

Chilean and Nicaraguan Revolution: The Failure To Consolidate Power

2269 words - 9 pages and Nicaragua share common traits of failure to consolidate themselves with their power and rebellion. In Chile, the journey to socialism drew its motivation from the oppressed and for Nicaragua; the incapability to centralize power came from an authoritarian point of view. Despite Chile and Nicaragua’s common traits on handling a revolution, they bring their own favors to the table. Before the 1960s, four thousand six hundred nine miles

“Revolutionary Government resorted to extreme measures to consolidate power.” How valid is this statement?

1569 words - 6 pages "Revolutionary Government resorted to extreme measures to consolidate power." How valid is this statement?The Bolshevik take over of October 1917 was achieved with speed and little bloodshed; however, the new government was far from secure. The Bolsheviks controlled little except Petrograd and many thought that they would struggle to hang on to power. Many people were against the Bolsheviks "The insane attempt of the Bolsheviks is on the eve of

"How was Hitler able to successfully capture the hearts and minds of the German people and achieve such great power?"

1046 words - 4 pages Hitler's rise to power was one of circumstance and propaganda. He knew how to use certain situations to gain authority and seize the senses and emotions of the German people. Hitler made use of the Treaty of Versailles to stir the emotions of the Germans and broadcast his shared resentment towards the treaty. This successfully persuaded the Germans to support Hitler and his party. Hitler deeply benefited from the Great Depression as the Germans

How to successfully cheat on tests in school.

807 words - 3 pages William Contro Contro 1GilmartinCollege Writing 213 October 2003Successful Cheating on TestsThroughout my years in high school, I was involved in every sport as well as various clubs. A combination of these activities, and a good social life, made it difficult to find time for my school work. This caused me to resort to cheating which was unavoidable and even necessary in order to get the grades I wanted. Seeing that "Eighty percent of the

Similar Essays

How Successfully From 1945 To Essay

1466 words - 6 pages seen as self-defence because it was politically damaging to himself. He found it difficult being re-nominated as the Democrat Party candidate for the 1948 Presidential elections and even though he succeeded he had to run against two other candidates from his own party as well as a Republican. He wasn't expected to win the election, and even though he did win, he only won by a small majority. Truman was trying to resist racism effectively. He

How Did Hitler Consolidate His Power And Continue To Gain Support, Using Propaganda, After Taking Power?

1723 words - 7 pages the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, established in 1933 after Hitler's rise to power. Hitler used propaganda to consolidate his power and to continue to gain support after becoming chancellor by targeting the youth of the country, knowing and expanding his propaganda's audience, and successfully infiltrating himself into his public's eyes through his total control of all forms of communication.The Nazi Party, led by Hitler

How Did The Purges Enable Stalin To Consolidate His Rule?

980 words - 4 pages mention of these people, and furthermore no subsequent disagreements to Stalin and his rule in the party. This is significant as it shows how far Stalin was willing to go to make sure that his rule was safe from anybody else. Thus by the end of the third Moscow trial Stalin had affirmed his position in the party by ruling with terror. No one would speak out against him again.The purge of the Red Army would be the next great purge of Stalin's

To What Extent Were Isabella And Ferdinand Good Rulers Of Spain?

568 words - 2 pages to unify them. To achieve this, they made several laws that basically stated it was illegal to be anything other than Catholic. I understand why Isabella and Ferdinand did this, but their first action didn't have a big impact on the people because most of them had converted to being Catholics, but were secretly continuing with their old religions. When Isabella found out about this she introduced the Inquisition, which made both Isabella and