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How Far Henry The Eighth Pursued New Policies During The Period 1509 1514

1144 words - 5 pages

How Far Henry the Eighth Pursued New Policies During the Period 1509-1514

Henry VIII became king in 1509. His policies were completely different
to his fathers’, Henry VII. Henry VII was a wise and calculating man,
who would think through his actions before he would take them, he
would consider the long term and short term advantages and
disadvantages of his actions. However Henry VIII was quite the
opposite and he was emotional and took decisions straight away without
analyzing them unlike his father. These differences caused Henry VIII
to purse new policies and abolish the traditional ones which had been
used by his father.

When Henry VIII took the throne in 1509, at the age of 17, he made it
very clear that he had no intention of continuing to rule as his
father did. Archbishop Warham and Bishop Fox were however eager to
continue the policies that had been followed during Henry VII’s reign.
Where the aim had been to avoid war and its expenses. They didn’t like
Henry VIII at all and had negative views of his very quickly. Henry
didn’t know how to avoid Archbishop Warham and Bishop Fox. They had
tricked him into renewing the Treaty of Etaples, which said that
England and France would never go to war and would not support each
others enemies. Although Henry VIII’s real intention was to go to war
with France like his hero Henry V. HenryVIII knew that to get his own
way, he needed a man who was more loyal to him than to any of his
ministers. This way he could pursue any policy he liked. The man with
all these qualities was Thomas Wolsey.

He gave his councilors more say than Henry VII and he gave them the
freedom to initiate policies on many matters. He allowed trusted
nobles and ecclesiastics to rule in his name. This included Thomas
Wolsey.

When Henry VII was on the throne he had been imposing heavy taxes on
the people. The people despised taxes and especially hated the two
main taxmen, Richard Empson and Edmund Dudley. So Henry VIII tried to
gain the popularity and the support of the people by executing Richard
Empson and Edmund Dudley. This definitely gave him the short-term
popularity he was after, but without tax, this would affect his
finances. Henry VIII’s decision to continue the Hundred Years War cost
the government a lot. Around £1.7 million was spent on preparing
England and its allies for war. His aim was to seize the French Crown,
and make England and himself greater, by means of war. His policy on
finance was not like his fathers, he didn’t realise what problems he
would face after stopping tax.

His ally in the war was his Father-in-law, Ferdinand Aragon and it
was decided that Spain and England would go to war against France in
1512. But Henry VIII’s ideas of conquering France...

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