This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Has The Crime And Disorder Act 1998 Impacted Upon Partnership Approaches In Policing? Within Your Answer Illustrate The Role Of 'community Safety'

1839 words - 7 pages

IntroductionThe efficiency and effectiveness of the police force is always under constant scrutiny. The police service is required to carry out its role of protecting and serving the community, with minimum resources in the most productive and cost effective method possible. One way in which the police are able to deal with the ever increase in crime, is through the partnerships they have developed with other public and private bodies. These organisations aid the police in many different forms from providing support and advice, to physically helping to police society. Throughout this essay I plan to describe the effects the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 has placed upon partnership approaches in policing. I will also demonstrate the role of community safety by explaining the methods used to reduce crime and the fear of it.Crime and Disorder Act 1998Prior to the Crime and Disorder Act there was no legal act, which directly placed responsibility on organisations to become involved in crime reduction. Partnership working, which lies at the heart of the Crime & Disorder Act, had previously been promoted in a 1984 landmark government circular, which declared that crime prevention should not be left to the police alone, since some factors affecting crime lay outside police control or direct influence.Every individual citizen and all those agencies whose policies and practices can influence the extent of crime should make their contribution. Preventing crime is a task for the whole community. (Home Office)The Morgan Report 1991 recognised a leadership role for local authorities alongside the police. It established that in order to combat crime there was a need for partnership relations between local communities and the police. The report contained 29 main recommendations, the most significant being:"In the longer term local authorities, working in conjunction with the police, should have a clear statutory responsibility for the development and stimulation of community safety and crime prevention programmes and for progressing at a local level a multi-agency approach to community safety."(Home Office)Although widely acknowledged as the template for future community safety activity, the government did not enact this recommendation.It was not until 31 July 1998 when the Government implemented the Crime and Disorder Act, which required all local authorities to set up and run a three year strategy to assist with reducing crime and disorder in their area. This was due to the ever increasing crime figures and escalating criminal activities.Since 1918, recorded crime has risen on average by about 5% a year. In addition certain economic and demographic factors, such as an increase in the numbers of young men in the population - which is the age group who are most likely to get involved in crime - could also lead the crime rate to rise.( act also placed a duty on local authorities to work in...

Find Another Essay On How has the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 impacted upon partnership approaches in policing? Within your answer illustrate the role of 'community safety'

Explain the difference between a major character and a minor character and illustrate your answer from Death of a Salesman

892 words - 4 pages to show how Willy has arrived at the emotional brink on which he teeters. Charley and Willy's relationship guides the audience back to the root of Willy's obsession with success, that he is constantly comparing himself to others who are successful.Despite his important role, Charley cannot be considered a main character because the audience does not relate to him. Although we can appreciate his kindness to Willy and his understanding of Willy's

How significant in the context of the play is the extract from Act 1 Scene 7? Refer specifically to the characters of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. In your answer refer to the changes in both in the play

1236 words - 5 pages scene has led to the overthrow of the natural order. E.g. horses eat each other and fish flying in the sky.In conclusion, Macbeth is a very interesting and meaningful play, which outstands from many others. The changes in character continue to provide unpredicted surprises for the audience to maintain interest and for Shakespeare to exemplify the consequences of corruption of the natural order of things. It is obvious that Act 1 Scene VII is a very significant one which deals with the main characters, themes and which the actions that unfold depending on decisions made within this scene.

Instead of small-scale of tourism, we need to develop more large resorts. Critically evaluate this assertion, focusing upon the role of tourism in economic development in your answer

1330 words - 5 pages extent.As has been discussed above, we can come to the conclusion that the utilization of large resorts by government, including investments, financial incentives and other approaches, can bring about much more significant profits to tourism industry than small ones.3 THE ECONOMIC COST OF TOURISM RESOURCEOne of the significant characters of tourism is that it can often be developed specifically in locations with resources that have little alternative

How is meaning generated? Illustrate your answer by presenting and explaining your 'reading' of an advertisement selected from a recent newspaper or magazine

1063 words - 4 pages they provide a framework for representing experience. Here I will analyse how meaning is generated, whilst drawing upon these two concepts in light of the signs of a recent 'Ford' advertisement in a systematic approach to communication.The context of culture, defined as: institutions, systems and structures (legal, political, religious, economic, educational etc.) of the producer and responder will affect the generation of meaning as context allows

Explain why is it important to analyse deviance in society. Using examples to illustrate your answer, discuss what such an analysis can tell us about the social and political implications of deviance

1372 words - 5 pages (Giddens: 2001). This brings us to the examination of the theoretical approaches in the studies of homosexuality as a deviant act. The Conflict Theory suggests that deviance is intentionally chosen and often political by nature. Individuals principally choose to take on deviant behaviour in response to the inequality and discrimination of the capitalist structure (Newman: 2004). As a result, members of countercultural groups are then deemed as

Why is there so much disagreement about the meaning of the rule of law? Illustrate your answer with reference to at least two rule of law theorists

1886 words - 8 pages meaning of law and the role of judges in society. The meaning of the rule of law here would be linked with the meaning of law itself.Policymakers need to be clear about the meaning of the rule of law because answers to many of the questions they are interested in whether "rule of law" such as if democracy is a prerequisite for rule of law. The rule of law has a number of different possible meanings. All of these definitions have problems, and which one is appropriate for which problem will depend on the problem.

Crime and Punishment: Do you agree with the moral "crime does not pay"? Refer to at least two texts in your answer

618 words - 2 pages did a big robbery, made loads of money and spent the rest of your days in Spain. In the 1980s, armed robbery started to get dangerous so you did one or two, went to Spain and invested the money in drugs. Nowadays, thanks to improved security measures, the average armed robbery nets only a few hundred pounds and newcomers to crime have no choice but to start right at the bottom and work their way up.As is often the case in big business, a career

Crime and Punishment: Do you agree with the moral "crime does not pay"? Refer to at least two texts in your answer

1929 words - 8 pages The saying that “crime does not pay” lies at the heart of a great deal of literature and many films. It appears in a large number of fairy tales and children’s story. This is to teach children from an early age that it is wrong to commit a crime, no matter how small, and that every criminal is eventually punished. Of course this is not true, many crimes, especially smaller crimes, are never punished. This can either be because no

"Wuthering Heights" by Emily Bronte: How has your understanding of the representation of the younger generation been shaped by different approaches?

1139 words - 5 pages different approaches, their relationships can be redefined. By looking at their relationships from different approaches, it has highlighted the way in which Bronte is commenting on her society and showing in many cases the inadequacy of the emphasis that is placed on certain features.The novel "Wuthering Heights" is centred pre-dominantly around Catherine and Heathcliff's love affair. Their relationship is doomed to survive in the society which they live

Compare and contrast TWO theories of gender role development. Make use of examples from the psychological research to illustrate your discussion

1362 words - 5 pages through our whole lives. People tend to misunderstand the term ‘gender’ with ‘sex’. Sex refers to biological state that differentiates organisms in two categories: male or female. We are born as males or females and there are many biological characteristics that differentiate us from each other, such as pairs of chromosomes or anatomy. On the other hand, gender is seen as socially determined difference based upon the biological differences between

Identify And Discuss Ways In Which People's Beliefs About Health And Healing Can Influence The Therapeutic Relationship. Use Case Study Material From The CD-Rom To Illustrate Your Answer

2152 words - 9 pages beliefs about health and healing and how their views can influence the therapeutic relationship, it will also discuss what is meant by the therapeutic relationship. This essay will then address the questions of; does orthodox medicine offer a therapeutic relationship or is the therapeutic relationship solely in the realm of the CAM practitioners? Do all users of health care benefit from a therapeutic relationship or can problems arise from a

Similar Essays

The Critical Reflection Of The Fitzgerald Era (Inquiry) And How It Has Impacted On Women In Policing Today

1102 words - 5 pages inquiry had some impact on gender equity within policing roles. Not only has gender equity been recognised in policing since the Fitzgerald inquiry but also the advantages that women have brought with them that has helped the policing community. Women in Policing and Communication Since entering a male dominated workplace, women have had to prove themselves to the community and their peers that they can perform just as well, if not better than

Discuss How The Study Of Comparative Culture May Be Of Value To International Business. Illustrate Your Answer With Examples

1457 words - 6 pages In international business course has parallels in the culture of other countries. This culture is referring to the finer things in life, such as fine arts ,literature, philosophy and classical music. For anthropologists, however, the term culture has a broader meaning that goes far beyond purely personal refinement . With international business people can learn and know about the culture of other countries. In addition, businesses can be further

Which Motivation Theories Do You Regard As The Most Powerful And Helpful In Explaining How Motivation Works And Why? Illustrate Your Answer With Refe

2059 words - 9 pages Motivation is a perennial problem in an organisation. Organisations have a perpetual concern on what should be done to maintain high levels of performance in the workforce. Motivation is defined as “The will and desire that a person has to engage in a particular behaviour or perform a particular task” (Lawley & King, P269). Motivation is a key factor in a workforce. Theories’ have used this key element to explain how efficient an organisation

Comment On The Pros And Cons Of Privatization Of Social Welfare Services In Hong Kong Society. Use The “Link Reit” As An Example To Illustrate Your Answer

4273 words - 17 pages Topic 6: Comment on the pros and cons of privatization of social welfare services in Hong Kong society. Use the "LINK-REIT" as an example to illustrate your answer.IntroductionThe Link-Reit (Real Estate Investment Trust) has long been a controversial issue ever since its launch. The issue in fact concerns the privatization of welfare services. The purpose of this paper is to review the worthiness of privatization in the midst of conflicts of