As proclaimed in the “Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms,” we agreed that the British government had left the people with only two options, “unconditional submission to the tyranny of irritated ministers or resistance by force.” Thus, in the early months of the dreadfully long year of 1775, we began our resistance. As the war progressed, the Americans, the underdogs, shockingly began winning battles against the greatly superior mother country of England. Actually, as seen in the battle of Bunker Hill, not only were they winning, they were annihilating hundreds of their resilient opponents. Countless questions arose before and during the War of Independence. Problems like: social equality, slavery, women’s rights, and the struggle of land claims against Native Americans were suddenly being presented in new and influencing ways to our pristine leaders. Some historians believe that while the Revolutionary War was crucial for our independence, these causes were not affected; thus, the war was not truly a revolution. Still, being specified in the Background Essay, several see the war as more radical, claiming it produced major changes above and beyond our independence.
After we established precisely what we were fighting for, complete independence from England was our unyielding goal. Ultimately, against all odds, the Americans defeated the British in a victorious surrender at Yorktown on October 19, 1781. It is unquestionable that the war gained us political independence, for without it we would still be governed by England. As Carl Becker stated, the Revolution helped us conquer the problem of “home rule”, but now we faced the question of “who should rule at home”. Accordingly, Congress appointed a committee to draft a formal declaration of independence. For the people it was an effort to create, in writing, a set of codes, and stated rights which all men would follow and understand. Congress, by the Articles of Confederation held some authority, but it controlled little due to the power of the people. Most colonies established new governments, now independent of the British Empire; these governments would later be the foundations for statehood.
For a brief time, the social boundary lines were erased, obliterated by the circumstances of war. Poor workers fought alongside wealthy landowners, directly and indirectly, both groups finding common ground in the strive for liberty. The battle even did so much as to insolvent not only the nation, but also many citizens of the upper class (Doc 4). Soon after the Revolution ended however, social inequality reinstated itself, perhaps not as denoted as before, still nonetheless existent. Slavery, for example, which is a definite social issue, continued to endure even after the end of the war.
Although we as a nation gained our freedom, there were yet unfree slaves unceasingly yearning for their freedom. While there was not an immediate reaction to the unkind cruelties of slavery, the...