How The Cold War Started Essay

2074 words - 8 pages

Anxiety TimeThe United States in the Early Nuclear Age (1946-1952)With the atomic bombs, not only was the war ended abruptly but it also ushered in a new era that called for new rules for foreign relations.THE SHADOW OF COLD WARAlthough the times had changed, WWII left behind three legacies that would affect American life forever.LegaciesWith nuclear weapons it was possible to annihilate an entire civilization.Humans had the guts to harm other humans and end numerous lives- atomic bomb and the Holocaust. People finally saw the cruelness of the Holocaust and how people were gathered to be killed like animals. It showed human cruelness and made people question if we had progressed or not.The war ended with the Soviet Union and the United States as true victors and soon enemies. With both holding nuclear power, they engaged in a "cold war" as each feared for their own safety against the other.Roots of Soviet-American AnimosityAmerica and USSR had nothing in common. They united when Germany threatened but there never really agreed on anything else. US called for democracy while the Bolsheviks established a powerful, tyrannical ruler. Even more importantly, the US wanted freedom to trade everywhere while the Soviets tried to take over the worlds markets and not allow capitalists to trade there. Throughout the war, politicians on both sides hated each other and even Stalin was uneasy with the US.An Insoluble ProblemFDR thought he could work things out with Russia. He hoped to make Poland, Czech, and other neighboring countries democratic and open to trade while they did not challenge Soviets. This would never work however because the Poles hated Russia. The Red Army had slaughtered the Poles and there was no way they would be friends. FDR may have been able to work it out since he was friends with Stalin but with his death, it was up to Truman who didn't know much to deal with Stalin.Truman Draws a LineTruman wasn't a negotiator like FDR and he stuck by his decisions. He never liked the Soviets and before his presidency he had already called out against the Communist. Although he didn't say anything directly, he supported Churchill's call to stop the "iron curtain." Truman also fired his only cabinet member who wanted to work with the USSR.Containment and the Truman DoctrineGeorge Kennan (Mister X) did much research on Russia and made his predictions. He said that they would expand west and becoming friends was not an option. However, Russia did not want more and would stop if the US threatened. The US had to let Russia know where it could go and where it couldn't. He also predicted a Cold War that would result in a true peace eventually.In 1947, Truman passed the Truman Doctrine, which aided anti-Communist govts. worldwide, after Stalin tried to spark revolution in Greece, Italy, and France.The Marshall PlanThe Marshall Plan by Sec. Of State Marshall would make US economic aid available to all countries of the world including German and even the...

Find Another Essay On How the Cold War Started

How did the cold war effect australia

1030 words - 4 pages The Cold War originally referred to a struggle or a conflict that had not escalated into fighting and military conflict, that is, had not escalated into a hot war. Between 1945 and 1991, the United States and the Soviet Union saw each other as potential enemies, threatening each other's larger global economic, political, and military goals. The Cold War thus was global competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to shape and

Why the Civil War started Essay

655 words - 3 pages thought the war would some how help to bring it together again.The issue of slavery brought about many conflicts between the north and south. Slavery started to die out until Eli Whitney's creation of the cotton gin. Southerners, being plantation owners, found this tool helpful even if it required them to have more slaves. They got more slaves to help them grow their cotton. The fact of slavery arising again angered northerners. They found slavery to

Why The Civil War Started?

723 words - 3 pages For a long time, historians have been unable to come to an agreement to why the Civil War started and whether or not it was repressible or irrepressible. Northern and Southern writers had different opinions as to why the war occurred. To most Northern writers, the war occurred because of the unlawful plan of slave owners who were committed to a not liable institution. The North defended the Constitution and was against the immoral aggression of

How World War 2 started - Essay

958 words - 4 pages History Essay Canada consists of immigrants from all over the world - and it creates diverse cultures in one society. These minorities include the aboriginals, chinese, Indians, First Nations and etc. How these minorities helped contribute to Canada during WW2 is interesting because this was a period in time where equality was not present and the white had absolute power over other minorities. In society, these minorities have been looked

How Hitler had started World War 2

1002 words - 5 pages ?ModuleId=10005131>. "Nazi Rule." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council. 30 Apr. 2014 . Sheffield, Gary. "The Fall of France." BBC News. BBC. 30 Apr. 2014 . Weber, Mark. "Institute for Historical Review." How Hitler Tackled Unemployment. 01 May 2014 . "Why Germany really lost World War II |" The European Union Times RSS. EU Times. 02 May 2014 .

How Hitler Started World War 2

1349 words - 6 pages /history/worldwars/wwtwo/fall_france_01.shtml>. Weber, Mark. "Institute for Historical Review." How Hitler Tackled Unemployment. 01 May 2014 . "Why Germany really lost World War II |" The European Union Times RSS. EU Times. 02 May 2014 .

How the internet got started

801 words - 3 pages Some thirty years ago , the Rand corporation , America's formost cold war thinktank, faced a strange straegic problem. How could the US authrieties succesfullycommunicate after a nuclear war?Postnuclear America would need a comand-and-control network, linked from cityto city , state to state, base to base . But no matter how throughly that network wasarmored or protected , its switches and wiring would always be vulnerable to the impactof atomic

How and Why did America 'Win' the Cold War

3457 words - 14 pages the Russian Federation, the successor to the USSR, dissolved into something close to anarchy. This essay seeks to answer the question as to how and why the USA won the Cold War. Among other possible answers it explores what has emerged as the accepted orthodox answer - a combination of the so-called arms race and the differing economic systems. It also examines, however, the growing contention that, rather than the USA winning the war, the USSR

How Cold War Tensions Affected the 1972 World Chess Championship

1879 words - 8 pages Chess in the Cold War How did Cold War tensions affect the 1972 World Chess Championship? Section A: Plan of the Investigation Through much of the 20th Century, the Cold War (mid 1940’s – early 1990’s) created a state of tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. This tension was sustained through various fronts, such as the nuclear arms race, the space race, and political and military conflicts. This investigation

How and why did the Cold War End?

847 words - 3 pages There were many factors that brought about the conclusion of the Cold War. The declining Soviet economy, the rise of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, the initiatives take by the U.S. and the Soviet Union were all influential determinates that helped bring the Cold War to an end.The Soviets had enjoyed great achievements on the international stage before Reagan entered office in 1981. These achievements included the unification of their socialist

The Cold War (DBQ)

627 words - 3 pages and politically correct policy for everyone. "I believe it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted domination by armed minorities or outside pressure." (Ap text book) The Soviet was a communist state, where the political party controlled the state. The people basically had no free will.More reasons as to how the Cold War started up would be affected by the mistrust between the two countries

Similar Essays

This Essay Describes How The Cold War Started. Long Term And Short Term Causes

1604 words - 6 pages The Origins of the Cold WarSome historians who have gone over the Cold war still believe that it was one of many of American's hostility or, at least, political stupidity, but I have learned that "Traditional view lays the responsibility on the USSR (soviet Union)" . This is when I try to consider the validity of each view of the two sides so I don't write to dominate. The Cold War, started in 1945 and first ended in the dismantling of the USSR

How The Cold War Helped America

1563 words - 7 pages the United States to increase its government’s earnings. Because the United States criticized the Soviet Union and its form of Communism, it had to show how well it treated its own people in order to not to be seen as a hypocrite. Because of this, Jim Crow laws allowing “equal” segregation between whites and blacks were overruled and dropped giving more rights to African Americans. The nuclear arms race and the Cold War resulted in positive

How The Cold War Helped America

1998 words - 8 pages communist activity in the US. Suspicion of communist supporters and communist spies became so tense in the US that people started turning on each other and many people were wrongly accused, arrested and kicked out of the country because of these false accusations. Even though the war and fear that struck during the Cold War took a toll on the US, the US bounced back and improved on many aspects such as technology, the economy and social life

How 'hot' Was The Cold War?

1601 words - 6 pages The Cold War is the term given to the relationship that developed primarily between the USA and the USSR after World War Two. It was a relatively peculiar situation in that neither side ever fought each other, perhaps for fears that the consequences would be too awful. If we are to define 'hot' as: actual warfare where all talks have failed and the armies are fighting, then The Cold War, in its entirety does not qualify. Yet, there were indeed