This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Just In Time. 4 Page Overview Of The Principles Of Just In Time Production Operations Management

1604 words - 6 pages

JIT (just-in-time)Many organizations throughout the world use JIT management principles in their everyday operations. It was first developed in Japan in the late 1950s by a former shop manager and later on vice president of Toyota. In its simplest form, JIT program is directed towards ensuring that the right quantities are produced or purchased at the right time, and that there is no waste. Waste is defined as anything that doesn't add value to the product or service. Producing one extra unit is as bad as being one unit short. Items are supplied only when needed, "just in time". JIT fits well under the specter of TQM, many of the ideas and techniques are similar, and JIT may even not work without TQM in operation. For JIT to work a number of elements must be combined: steady production, flexible resources, extremely high quality, no machine breakdowns, reliable suppliers, quick machine setups, and discipline to maintain that everything else is also functioning well. JIT cannot be defined in one sentence but there are two ways at which it is usually looked at.1. A series of operating concepts that allow systematic identification of operational problems.2. A series of technology-based tools for correcting problems following their identification.One outcome of using JIT is a program for improving overall productivity and reducing waste. This leads to cost-effective production or operation and delivery of only the required goods or services, in the correct quantity and at the right time and place. This is achieved with a minimal amount or resources: facilities, equipment, materials and people. Although JIT originated as an effort to eliminate waste it evolved into a system for the continuous improvement of all aspects of operations.Aim of JITThe aims of JIT are to produce and operate:1. meet exactly the requirements of the customer2. without waste3. immediately on demandAn organization that is going to meat these kinds of challenges must implement many changes in its operations strategy. There are many elements that must come together in order for JIT to function properly. The JIT production system, focused on eliminating waste, is composed of the following elements:1. Flexible resources 6. Quick setups2. Cellular layouts(Toyota example) 7. Uniform production levels3. Pull production system 8. Quality at the source4. Kanban production control 9. Total productive maintenance5. Small-lot production 10. Supplier networksFlexible resourcesThe concept of flexible resources, in the form of multifunctional workers and general-purpose machines, is one of the key elements JIT and one of the first ones to fall into place. The operation of different (multiple) machines requires additional training for workers and specific rotation schedules. With single workers operating multiple machines the machines themselves require adjustments e.g. installing automatic turnoff programs that will switch off machines after the work is done. General purpose machines, that can...

Find Another Essay On Just in Time. 4 page overview of the principles of just-in-time production operations management

Just-In-Time Inventory Essay

3185 words - 13 pages IntroductionAn integral part of the success of any organization rests upon its ability to implement an effective financial and accounting process. In an effort to provide readers with an example of an effective financial/accounting process, Team A has developed this report focused around a process known as the "Just-In-Time" (JIT) process. This paper will analyze the JIT production system in which the production and movement of goods are

Just In Time Systems Essay

1408 words - 6 pages must have a practical, efficient method for managing inventory in order to stay in business and satisfy their customers. The most efficient way to get this done is through the use of a Just-In-Time (J-I-T) system of inventory management. The service that Cardinal Health provides is an example of this type of J-I-T system which allows them to get the right quantity of goods to the right place and at the right time. Efficient inventory management is

Kellogg’s; an example of Lean Production System, using Just-In-Time (JIT)

1642 words - 7 pages production is based on a series of practices which mostly seen at Kellogg’s as a management approach, namely; just in time (JIT) which will be included in this essay. The rationale behind the choice is, The Times 100 (2010) highlights; Kellogg’s lean production enables the rearrangement of processes and removes waste. As it is known that in the supply chain, there are parts where waste can be found (Paton et al. 2011). However, Kellogg’s

Just-In-Time Literature Review

2675 words - 11 pages article warned that implementing product and process quality improvements require prudence due to possible trade-offs between cost and quality, which would in turn affect profitability negatively.3.3 Journal of Operations Management 23 (2005)Build-to-order and just-in-time as predictors of applied supply chain knowledge and market performanceThis article seeks to examine the effects of Build-to-order (BTO) and just-in-time (JIT) on applied supply chain

Just In Time Inventory Systems

2631 words - 11 pages Exploration of the Components of JIT. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 15 (5). 72-83.Swanson, C., Lankford, W. (1998). JIT Manufacturing. Business Process Management Journal, 4 (4). 333-341.Waters-Fuller, N. (1995). Just-in-time Purchasing and Supply: A Review of the Literature. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 15 (9). 220-236.White, R., Pearson, J. (1999, January). JIT Manufacturing: A Survey of Implementations in Small and Large U.S. Manufacturers. Management Science, 45 (1). 1-15.

JIT: Just-In-Time Manufacturing

581 words - 3 pages Just-In-Time is the practice that requires the consumption of resources at the last possible moment relative to production for customer demand. This requires the elimination of all waste - all the non-value added activities that take place in the total manufacturing, distribution and purchasing processes.The emphasis of a J-I-T program is on minimization of warehousing costs/reduced inventories, frequent shipments and short delivery lead times

The Just-In-Time Manufacturing Process

585 words - 2 pages Just in time manufacturing (also known as lean production or stockless production), by definition, is a process where inventory is delivered to the factory or company when it is actually needed. Because the internet is taking control of the ordering of supply demands making it more flexible and faster in regards to turn around times, (Songini) JIT manufacturing is credited with reducing costs, improving delivery and quality, and improving

An empirical study of human resource management strategies and practices in Australian just-in-time environments

7366 words - 29 pages Toyota production system was one such example. Developed at Toyota after the Second World War, it provided the basis for what was to become known popularly as just-in-time (JIT). Up until this time the thrust of much of the analysis of Japanese production systems had focused on cultural differences and concluded that there was a particular Japanese "mindset" that facilitated their success.Schonberger (1982) championed the notion that these systems

What´s Just in Time Manufacturing ?

1036 words - 5 pages Since final decades of the twentieth century, with the decline of Ford manufacturing systems, manufacturers throughout the world have been looking to create pure and flexible processes to improve their business performance at the network level. Among various methods, administrators and researchers around the world focused on new production models based on techniques such as Just in Time Manufacturing (JIT) and Total Quality Control (TQC) as an

Just-In-Time Manufacturing at Dell

1302 words - 5 pages floor. No back stock means much less waste and much higher profit. Sometimes the just-in-time manufacturing process has major flaws. "Instead of months' worth of inventory, there are now days and even hours of inventory," says Jim Lawton, head of supply management solutions at consultant Dun & Bradstreet and a former procurement chief for Hewlett-Packard. "If supply is disrupted as in this situation, there's nowhere to get product

Just-in-time Strategy for a Turbulent World

1239 words - 5 pages JUST-IN-TIME STRATEGY FOR A TURBULENT WORLDUniversity of PhoenixJanuary 25, 2009Linda StewartMBA/580Instructor: Dr. Conrado SampangJUST-IN-TIME STRATEGY FOR A TURBULENT WORLDThe article discusses difficulties of companies in business forecasting due to rising risk levels and uncertainty. The author recommends using a "portfolio of initiatives" approach to strategy to reduce the number of risks taken by a company. Chief executive officers (CEO

Similar Essays

The Idea Of Just In Time

1253 words - 5 pages The Idea of Just in Time The idea of Just In Time originated in Japan. Actually this type of inventory/production was originally known as the "Toyota Production System". A man by the name of Taiichi Ohno is credited as the person who first came up with this system. He looked at the Western industries and found that the manufacturers would set up their manufacturing lines to produce a large quantity of one product before stopping and

Just In Time Essay

1826 words - 7 pages other costs with the increasing rate of inventory turnover, improving product quality, reducing production, delivery lead times and reducing variability may ultimately lead to the improvement of the product. The process of Just in Time varies from organization to organization but the guiding principles remain the same (Garoma, 2012, 100-101). JIT is majorly applicable to the process of repetitive manufacturing making use of same components and

Just In Time Distribution Essay

2174 words - 9 pages .) Russell, Roberta S., and Taylor, Bernard W., Operations Management, 4th Edition, ch. 11, pg. 511-535. 3.) Rosenbloom, Bert, Marketing Channels, 7th Edition, 2004, pg. 405-406. 4.)Harvard Business School, “Barilla SpA (A)”, Boston, MA; Harvard Business School Publishing, 14 June 1994. 5.) “Just in Time distribution: the time is right.”, Supermarket News, 19 August 1991. http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc0.asp?docid=1G1:11145856&refid=ink_tptd_mag&skeyword=&teaser=

Just In Time Systems Essay

2081 words - 8 pages of each process.* Simplify, combine, eliminate* Wastes are: over and under production, unnecessary steps, and excessiveinventory and motion.2These basic ideas are not unique to just-in-time, but are crucial in trainingemployees about the just-in-time philosophy.Most companies have realized now that the just-in-time philosophy isan important component in the idea of total quality management. Totalquality management has the same goals as just-in