Take Home Dbq Italian Fascism Essay

1420 words - 6 pages

In response to the democratic backlash after World War I, in response to the Treaty of Versailles and the economic failure after the war, countries turned to a totalitarian, fascist government, regulating every facet of life of the people it ruled. Fascist Italy was no exception—over the years 1921-1943, Italy instituted a population policy, controlling it and causing it to rise. Italy’s population policy consisted of the regulation of family size, often exercising Mussolini’s bid for control in extreme manners. The reactions consisted of an economic counterpoint of family size, and disapproval of this new regime.
Benito Mussolini enacted his population policy to place emphasis on the power and prestige of the homeland, having a high population to counteract the losses in the first World War. To begin, he enacted parliamentary decrees, calling for a personal tax on bachelors to fund the Protection of Mothers and Children (Doc 1). The emphasis on protecting the mothers and their children shows Mussolini’s need to reinvigorate Italy through a higher population. With the women and children surviving, Mussolini created a way for his population to keep rising. In a speech by Il Duce himself, he states that the working woman lowers the birth rate, thus depriving men of work and dignity (Doc 5). A tenet of fascism is the belief of masculinity, an idea that would be challenged by the notion of the working woman, which Mussolini did not believe in. In order for the man and the masculinity to be emphasized, they must not stick to the wayside of the working woman. Another notion of “female insubordination” that is addressed is shown in document 8. In this document, Paolo Orano describes how the working women resist the notion of marriage due to modern and independent ideals (Doc 8). The idea of fascism does not include independent ideals, as part of Mussolini’s power is controlling every aspect of the lives of his people. He and his fellow cohorts were quick to write off the independent women, stating that they could have been harmful to the state. This document has bias because Paolo Orano wrote his book during Mussolini’s reign. It is possible that he had been buttering up Mussolini’s plans in order to stay on the safe side and not risk being outed as a political enemy. Aside from Mussolini’s condemning of the non-mothers and his extreme methods of retaining the population, he eradicated birth control (Doc 9). This law also has a religious aspect to it, as Mussolini and the Pope made an agreement that the Pope would be the moral center of Italy nine years earlier. Birth control contradicts the Catholic belief system, which also may have played a role in the eradicating of birth control. This may also have a bias because it was directed at women, in a Motherhood and Childhood magazine. The writers of the article may have been trying to keep persuading the women to keep having children in a propaganda type method. Overall, Mussolini’s tactics...

Find Another Essay On Take Home DBQ Italian Fascism

Italian and German Fascism: Similarities and Differences

1045 words - 4 pages Fascism is one of the great political ideology in the 20th century. It is a kind of authoritarian government that, according to Wikipedia, “considers the individual subordinate to the interests of the state, party or society as a whole.” Two of the most successful and to be in the vanguard of fascism government is Italian fascism – led by Benito Mussolini, and Nazi Germany – led by Adolf Hitler. Fascism in Italy and Germany, though in many

What is Fascism? Essay

1252 words - 5 pages examples of how fascist governments operated. Fascism is a form of counter-revolutionary politics that first arose in the early part of the twentieth-century in Europe. It was a response to the rapid social and political changes brought about by the devastation of World War I and the spread of socialism and communism. The name fascism originated in Italy. The term comes from the Italian word fascio, which referred to the names of radical new social

Analytic Paper III

1621 words - 7 pages . The defeated countries of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy housed a generation of people who no longer had their men, their sense of pride, or any economic stability at all. The citizens of these countries had nothing left to hold to. For this reason, when Fascism came along, they were happy to feel as if they were a part of something that was going to take them somewhere as a nation. This concept especially applies to Mussolini and Adolf

The Evolution of Fascism During Post WW1 Europe

2360 words - 9 pages to create a national unity whose core principles focus on culture, race, and religion. Fascist states tend to be very patriotic, militaristic, and totalitarianistic. The word fascism originated during the rule of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini between the years 1922 -1943. Mussolini used it as a symbol for strength through unity. The word itself is a combination of the Italian word fascio and the Latin term for fasces. In The Doctrine of

Future of Fascism

1283 words - 5 pages ! Elpin Keshishzadeh 18 May 2013 "The Future of Fascism" Keshishzadeh1 ! Fascism is a philosophy that has changed significantly throughout history. Given its constant evolution, society's view on the ideology has also changed. After the birth of Italian Fascism, lead by Benito Mussolini, many dictators, such as Adolf Hitler, used fascist ideologies to foster their own philosophical movements. Given its right-wing extremities, one might argue

Analyse the historical and contemporary conditions in Italy leading to a fascist government in 1922, and comment on the view that a seizure of power took place

2184 words - 9 pages Italian troops were conscripted peasants; this resulted in poor harvests at home consequently resulting in the near starvation of the Italian population. Italy's entrance into the war was fuelled by the wish for territorial possession, this including Trentino, South Tyrol, Istria, Trieste, and part of Dalmatia, Adalia, some Aegean islands and a protectorate over Albania. However, under the Versailles Treaty (1919), Italy only received the first

Italian Civilization

1514 words - 6 pages Italian Fascism and the ancient Roman Empire used different aspect of ideologies that united ancient Rome and modern Italy in to one country or in to an Empire. The Roman Empire helped to colonize and bring the whole Empire to a whole by bringing patricians and plebians together by creating road, bridges, through education, and through law. The Roman Empire flourished through social, economic, political, military and religious strengths. Italian

Mussolini And Fascism

1532 words - 6 pages service for the nations well being. He made sure that women did not have good jobs so they could stay home and take care of the children. There was no education on birth control; in fact it was banned. (www.funkandwagnalls.com) By now Mussolini had skillfully used his control over the press and made himself the "Duce." He built up his image as Il Duce through the press with things like "Duce, a man who was always right and could

Benito Mussolini’s Impact on the World

1666 words - 7 pages Southeast Asia, such as Cambodia, are fascist. Mussolini was known as the founder of Fascism and many of his fascist ways were used by Hitler to expand his empire and take control of Europe. If Benito Mussolini had never introduced Fascism to the world, Hitler’s plans may have been differently and millions of deaths could have been prevented. Benito Mussolini’s lack of attention to his army was a major part of his downfall. He invaded Ethiopia too

The Softer Side of Resistance

1990 words - 8 pages movement may have been fed by historical situations that were not intentionally or ideologically progressive for women’s causes, these events served to inspire women to pursue gender equality. But just as the women’s movement was gaining momentum, Fascism came along. There is a fairly widespread consensus among scholars of Italian Fascism: it was an overtly and intrinsically anti-feminist government. An examination of the regime’s actual and

Compare and Contrast the rise and forms of Fascism in Germany and Italy

1003 words - 4 pages able to gain power. The Fascist were able to get the support of the laity because the Fascists were supported by Pope Pius XI and the Vatican who saw the Fascists as an opportunity to normalize State-Church relationships. Lastly Fascism was able to take control because the people lacked faith in Italy's institutions this was apparent due to the failures of WWI, due to post-war violence, and a high unemployment rate. The people saw the fascist as a

Similar Essays

Who In Italy Gained From Fascism

1340 words - 5 pages . "Murder and arson were daily occurrences, and by 1922, Italian Socialists were driven to desperate measures. On August 1, massive strikes disrupted transportation. The government was helpless to combat the effects. Italy needed a savior. Mussolini, Now called Il Duce ("The Leader"), was not found lacking. He gave the government 48 hours to act, and at the expiration of that time he had his Fascists take over Public transportation" (Forman 28


5781 words - 23 pages Italian Fascism'03B DBQ: Marshal Petain and Vichy FrancePost-1945 Europe'77: "Every age projects its own image of man onto its art." Assess the validity of this statement with reference to two representative twentieth-century European works in either the visual or literary arts.'81: Compare the ways in which the two works of art reproduced below express the artistic, philosophical, and cultural values of their times.Michelangelo, David, 1504

Italian Facism Essay

766 words - 3 pages /Mussolini_Benito.html Fascism in Italy http://ky.essortment.com/italyfascism_rthc.htm Fascism the Truth http://angelfire.com/home/government Jazwinski, Dr. C. Fascism. 1998.Mosse, George L. The Fascist Revolution: Toward a General Theory of Fascism. Howard Fertig. May 2000.Payne, Stanley G. Italian Fascism. http://www.library.wisc.edu/libraries/dpf/Fascism/Intro.html Wisker, James B. 'Italian Fascism an Interpretation.' Journal of Historical Review.Volume 20. 2001.

The Origins Of Fascism Essay

1596 words - 7 pages it is usually in reference to certain regimes in countries like Italy, Germany, Spain and Indonesia; with Italy and Germany being the most notable. This essay will explain the ideology of Fascism as it pertains to both countries and discuss the similarities and differences between Italian Fascism focusing on Benito Mussolini’s reign and fascism in Germany, specifically Adolf Hitler’s National Socialism, also known as Nazism. The Fascist ideology