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Just War Argument Essay

1112 words - 5 pages

Just war encourages peace for all people and indicates that even though it isn’t the best solution, it is still required. Everyone has the duty to stop a potentially fatal or unjust attack against someone else, even if it meant using violence against the attacker. Plus, all states have some important rights that must not be violated by either people or states, so when they’re violated or potentially getting violated, that state is entitled to defend itself through whatever means necessary. Also, the state that did the violating lost their privilege to not have their own rights violated through means of violence. Therefore, just war is ethically permissible.
Just war can be traced back to ...view middle of the document...

A private individual, like the president of the U.S. alone, cannot wage war by himself without the consent of Congress, who has the authority. One man’s selfish wish does not represent an entire nation’s desire to cross the line between two conflicting countries. The third states that the war should be fought with correct intentions. It cannot be influenced by an outside motive such as the needless expansion of one’s country, racial hatred, or simple sating of one’s bloodlust, and must be addressed correctly like achieving the specific just cause and obeying orders without innocent casualties. Fourth, war should always be a last resort, when every other nonforcible option like world opinions, economic turmoil, and diplomacy has failed to achieve peace. The point of a just war is to minimize the amount of negative consequences in the first place, so pursuing a peaceful option should be the first choice to begin with. Also, the good outcomes resulting from the waged war must be proportionate to the bad outcomes. When worse comes to worst, the use of armed conflicts may be the only choice (Pattison, 2013). However, in layman’s term, there must be more good done than harm. Finally, there has to be a reasonable chance of success. Even if it were for a just cause, if there wasn’t a single chance of success, then it would be unjust. For example, if planning genocide does not have any chance of ending a war in one’s favor, it is unjust, and in addition abhorrent.
Even with jus ad bellum being followed to the guideline, there was also the concern of conduct on the battlefield that is downright spiteful. Therefore, the second part of just war theory comes into play: jus in bello, which focuses on how to fight a war justly. Basically, it’s a preventative measure to ensure that even on the battlefield, there were morals being conducted. First, soldiers must traditionally be able to distinguish between combatants and noncombatants. The latter is labeled with noncombatant immunity, which means that they cannot be intentionally attacked in war. Even then, the noncombatants still can renounce their “immunity” if they join either side during the conflict, similar to how a boxer renounces his right to not be hit when entering the boxing ring (Moseley, 2014). The second...

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