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What Caused The Darfur Genocide And What Has Been Done To Solve The Genocide?

1139 words - 5 pages

On February 26, 2003, two Darfuri rebel movements- the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality Movement took up arms against the Sudanese Government, accusing the failure to protect sedentary people from attacks by nomads and the marginalization of the area in Darfur. Darfur is a region in the western part of Sudan, where it is home to 6 million people from around 100 tribes. In response to the attack, the Janjaweed, which is the government-supported Arab tribesman, raided non-Arab villages in Darfur to create a Pan-Arab state by eradicating all the non-Arab farmers from the land.
The Darfur genocide arose when the Sudan Liberation Movement and the JEM, which is the largest rebel group in Darfur, entered Al-Fashir, the capital city of North Darfur and attacked the sleeping garrison. There were 32 technicians, pilots and soldiers captured and 75 executed. In response, Arab militias known as Janjaweed, which translate to devil on horseback, destroyed Darfurians by burning villages, murdering, raping and torturing civilians ever since the ethnic cleansing campaign against non-Arabs in Darfur was carried out by the Janjaweed. Although the Sudanese government publicly denies that it supports the Janjaweed, there were evidences where the government provided the Janjaweed with financial support and weapons as well as coordinated joint attacks, which have been usually against civilians. With the goal of completely eliminating the existence of non-Arabs and black Africans in Darfur, Arabic terms were used against them such as “abid” and “surge”, meaning slave and black. In addition, there was slaughter and rape of Darfuri men, women and children where girls as young as 6 years old was raped and mothers were undressed in front of their children. Furthermore, young women were raped so brutally that they have been unable to walk after the attack. Not only thousands of women and children are raped but also dead bodies are tossed in wells to contaminate water supplies and the entire villages are being burned down. As a result, today, over 400 villages were completely destroyed, 480,000 people have been killed and over 2.8 million people are displaced.
The term “genocide” is defined as, “any one of a number of acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.” Although the Sudanese government states that they were simply putting down an armed insurance, as in they were just trying to defend itself, there are strong evidence that indicates that the violence in Darfur is an occurrence of genocide. Innocent villages were not only burned down but innocent people were also raped and killed. While up to this time the Sudanese government declares that their slaughters were motivated by rebel activities, more indication of ethnical cleansing is displayed. For example, rebel activity is much higher among the Zaghawa than the Massaleit but it is said that there were more racial epithets in...

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