This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

What 'human Resource Management' Is And How Human Resource Management Has Developed.

4956 words - 20 pages

Human resource management is a set of practices or techniques about managing people in an organisation as effectively as possible for the good of the employees, the company and society. HRM is also a managerial function or department within an organisation, this function or department is becoming important to organisations in their efforts to manage people as effectively as possible.Human resource management includes a verity of activities, some of these can be seen as staffing needs; whether to use independent contractors or hire new employees to meet their needs, recruiting and training the best employees, ensuring they are high-performers, dealing with performance issues. Also ensuring the personnel and management practices conform to the various regulations. Other activities include managing the approach to employee benefits and compensation, employee records and personnel policies. These policies are often in the form employee manuals, which all employees should have.HRM can also be useful because managing people well may influence so many outcomes in an organisation, such as profitability, productivity, employee involvement and investor return, these are all important to the stakeholders, organisation itself, employees, stockholders, customers and society.At the beginning of the 20th century, Fredrick W. Taylor helped shape management practices and had a major impact on how firms manage HR. Trained as an engineer, F.W.Taylor emphasised the importance of developing precise analytical schemes to select, train, evaluate, and reward workers for the purpose of motivating them, controlling their behaviours, and improving their behaviours. But during the second quarter of the century, the focus shifted to acknowledging the importance of the work group's influence on employees. Elton Mayo and his work at the Hawthorne Plant, focused on the improving individual productivity by experimenting with changing the work groups composition and incentive schemes and also its environmental conditions, such as lighting and physical arrangements. This was seen as the 'Hawthorne Studies'.Human resource management began during the 1970's and has developed from the old term of 'personnel management', where the emphasis was on the workforce and what the management could do to motivate them, more of a tactical approach. The term 'Human resource management' reflects a broader perspective, which includes issues such as health and safety of the worker, stress, training, employee satisfaction, and performance. Due to the changes in society and the workplace there has been a requirement that industrial relationships must be established to notice the needs of the workforce. The human resource management is used to acknowledge the importance of employees as corporate assets, because of their skills; knowledge and experience; they are now seen to have economic value to an organisation.Human resource management is now recognised as sources of potential competitive advantage....

Find Another Essay On What 'Human Resource Management' is and how Human Resource Management has developed.

Human Resource Management Essay

1481 words - 6 pages , and how it is dissimilar to personnel management. Clearly, human resource management is not a completely new approach. It has many of the same functions as employees' management, though it has taken on a more strategic role, which is incredible, that personnel management has not at all been able to attain.ReferencesBecker, B. E.; Huselid, M. A.; Pickus, P. S.; Spratt, M. (1998): High performance work systems and firm performance: A synthesis of

Strategic Human Resource Management Essay

2154 words - 9 pages IntroductionStone (1995, p. 4) stressed that the focus of human resource management (HRM) is to manage people within the employer-employee relationship, and that it involves the productive utilization of people. It can also be further describe as having a 'hard' and a 'soft' version. However, such a broad definition is unable to distinguish HRM from its 'predecessor' - Personnel Management, and the elasticity in the use of the term HRM makes the

Strategic Human Resource Management

1362 words - 5 pages needs to understand the global and local economic trends to prepare for changes in the job market. According to Sims (2002), human resource planning is also influenced by technological trends. New technologies can lead to downsizing, especially if the technological invention reduces the workload. Though such innovations can lead to reduced costs of production, they eventually affect human resource management since employees must be trained on how

International Human Resource Management

2479 words - 10 pages be the source of labor or finance. International human resource management (IHRM) is defined as the interplay among the three dimensions - human resource activities, types of employees and countries of operation (Dowling and Welch, 2004, p. 4 - 5).As the area of human resource management has expanded and become more linked with the strategic needs of the business, it has taken on the characterization of strategic human resource management

Human Resource Management

1890 words - 8 pages company.4. Reward.This is mostly concerned with motivation and retaining of employees in order to reach highest possible levels of productivity. It is important to remember however, that human beings, by nature are all different and thus, are motivated by different things. Reward schemes should therefore, have some degree of flexibility.Successful Human Resource Strategy - An ExampleGlendola Leisure Ltd has a two way corporate strategy combining

Strategic Human Resource Management

2035 words - 8 pages Strategic Human Resource Management However you define the activities of management, and whatever the organisational processes are, an essential part of the process of management is that proper attention be given to the Human Resource function. The human element provides a major part in the overall success of the organisation. Therefore there must be an effective human resource function. In the past, most organisations viewed Human Resource

Strategic Human Resource Management

2057 words - 8 pages However you define the activities of management, and whatever the organisational processes are, an essential part of the process of management is that proper attention be given to the Human Resource function. The human element provides a major part in the overall success of the organisation. Therefore there must be an effective human resource function. In the past, most organisations viewed Human Resource Management (HRM) as an element function

Human Resource Management

1235 words - 5 pages how to make the right choice of getting the right person on-board. We will also look at how strategic human resource manager could provide useful to the board of management as to maximize company efficiency and profitability.3 Attracting the right personFrom a manager stand point, hiring is not just about finding a candidate to ill in the job vacancies, but also about how to help company to find the best person to join. As a result, this is a

Human Resource Management - 4847 words

4847 words - 19 pages expectations of what to expect from the training and development function. They point out that training departments suffer from structural and management limitations, which means that on their own they can never give the quality of service and contribution to individual and organizational performance that is expected of the function.Acceptance of a definition of human resource development which has a strategic emphasis requires much of the training and

Strategic Human Resource Management

2169 words - 9 pages comes into light and before competitors take advantage of it or hinder the organization negatively. Strategic human resource management has two main objectives, namely integration and direction. Integration is divided into two main types, horizontal and vertical integration. The former being aligning the various human resource management practices and the latter being the interlinking the overall human resource management function with the

Human Resource Management (HRM)

2437 words - 10 pages Strategic Human Resources Management (1st ed.). New York: Routledge. The Service Sector, High employment with low productivity growth prospects for emerging economies. (2010). Accountancy Business and the Public Interest , 9, 125-146. What is Human Resources. (2010, September 17). Retrieved from http://www.hrconsultingadvisor.net: http://www.hrconsultingadvisor.net/hr-backbone-of-an-organization.html Wilton, N. (2011). An Introduction to Human Resource Management. London: Sage Publications. Wright & Boswell. (2007). Desegregating HRM : A review and synthesis of Micro & Macro Human Resource Manaagement Research. Russian Management Journal , V5, N1.

Similar Essays

What Is Human Resource Management? Essay

962 words - 4 pages What is Human Resource Management? Human Resource Management can best be described as the area of an organization that is responsible for recruiting, training, motivating, and retaining employees. Although these are the main functions of Human Resources, other functions fall under the umbrella of Human Resource. Over the years Human Resources has evolved and includes many more functions such as compensation, benefits, performance management

What Is Strategic Human Resource Management(Shrm)?

3450 words - 14 pages Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) is concerned with establishing a specific and managed cause and effect relationship between an organisation's actions to survive and grow and its HRM principle and practices. It is also concerned with the mechanism through which people in an organisation gain an understanding of the purpose of the organisation, its goals and strategic objectives. As well as how the organisation related to its external

Human Resource Management Essay 3070 Words

3070 words - 12 pages many approaches adopted by employers to meet their needs for viability and, for some, competitive advantage, within the economic, social, and regulatory environment under which they operate. There is a great advantage in defining human resource management as a distinctive approach to labor management since we can ask what it is; what type of, or "bundle" of, policies are commonly used; how it is different from previous approaches; and what the

Human Resource Management Essay 3054 Words

3054 words - 12 pages approaches adopted by employers to meet their needs for viability and, for some, competitive advantage, within the economic, social, and regulatory environment under which they operate. There is a great advantage in defining human resource management as a distinctive approach to labor management since we can ask what it is; what type of, or "bundle" of, policies are commonly used; how it is different from previous approaches; and what the outcome