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What Ideas Link Utopic And Dystopic Texts, Support Your Response To This Question Through A Detailed Analysis Of 1984 By George Orwell,Gattaca Directed By Andrew Niccol,Incognito By Claire Carmichael

1044 words - 4 pages

Visions of Utopias and Dystopias have been appropriated into different texts, from different contexts from George Orwell’s 1984 (1948), which deals with the contemporary issues occurring in English society during the 1930’s and 1940’s, such as the Notion of social classes, nationalism and the loss of privacy to Gattaca (1997) directed by Andrew Niccol which presents us with a world rife with oppression and the consequences of technological development in society and finally Incognito written by Claire Carmichael (2000) which envelops a world where there is a loss of privacy, the introduction of social classes and the consequences of technological development in society. These texts all deal with concepts of the consequences of technological innovation in their respective society which leads to an infringement of personal privacy and the notion of separate social classes.1984 is one of the key dystopic texts of the 20th century and is centered on the life of Winston Smith who is the key protagonist, in the text we learn of the emergence of distinct social classes; the proles, the outer party and the inner party. These distinctions between the social classes can be clearly seen when Winston reminisces on watching propaganda films, here in the cinemas the Proles would only be allowed on the bottom rows of seats and that nobody would listen to them as they seemed to be emotionally attached to the sentiments adopted in the propaganda films, this literary device used in the book clearly asserts the fact that they are on the lowest rungs of society’s ladder.The film Gattaca also deals with ideas of social classes present in society. The film is set in the future where the rise of eugenics has taken place. In this society you are measured by level of perfectionism of your DNA which has been manipulated, there are few people who have not had their DNA manipulated and they are called the “in-valid”. At the beginning of the film Vincent the protagonist talks about his childhood where he was accident prone and susceptible to various diseases as a result of not being genetically manipulated to be resistant to diseases. This emphasis a clear cut social class between the “valids” and “in-valids”. To overcome the disadvantage he has Vincent takes on a new identity to show that he can keep up with the rest of the population, a key moment in the film where this is expressed is the scene, where he races his brother out to sea and when asked how he was able to beat his genetically superior brother he retorts “I never saved any for the way back”. Some cinematic devices used in the film to extenuate this class divide is the use of close up’s whenever a blood or urine test is taken of the screen which shows whether a person is valid or invalid, this shows the importance placed on being part of a certain social class.The idea of certain social classes being part of society is a major part of Incognito....

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