What Obstacles Were There To The Re Establishment Of Jewish Life In Occupied Germany And In The Two German States During The 1950s, And To What Extent Were They Overcome?

2145 words - 9 pages

The Second World War was over and the Jewish survivors came out of the concentration camps and their hiding - places in the year 1945. Most of the survivors had the conviction that the dimension of the crimes had put an end to anti-Semitism in both German states. However the reality looked different: In the first decade of the post - war period in Germany, a virulent anti-Semitism in society as well as in politics existed in both German states.The average reaction of society and of the representatives of the bureaucracy towards the Jews was incurious. The German population acted in an extremely hostile manner towards the Jewish people, who had to suffer besetment, deportation, exile and assassination of their families. The suffering of the non-Jewish society due to the war was of far more interest for the German population than the happenings in the concentration camps. The suffering of the victims of the war and of the veterans overlaid the suffering of the Jewish victims. The German population made no more differences between victims and committer.This essay aims to describe the obstacles to the re-establishment of Jewish life in occupied Germany and to what extent they were overcome. The discussion that follows is broken down into four sections: The first section describes the first years of Jewish life after the Second World War followed by an explanation of the reaction of the German non-Jewish society. The next section declares the changes which took place in the political system towards the Jews in both German states. The closing observation presents ???????.In the year 1945 approximately 200,000 Jews remained in Germany. They were mainly from Eastern Europe. The number of Jews who had lived in Germany during the Second World War was between 15,000 and 20,000.The vast majority of the survivors received the status of "displaced persons". The category of displaced persons included former concentration camp inmates, prisoners of war and all the non-German persons who had fled or were driven from their homes.These displaced persons had to live in camps and under surveillance of the Allied Forces.The camps were surrounded with barb wire and watch towers. The displaced persons were not given any sense of liberation. Many inhabitants were reminded of their physical and spiritual experiences, which had a rather negative impact on the social standards in the camps. It was not until Eisenhower acted to remove the barb wire and to move the Jews into several camps that the situation changed in a positive way.The Jewish survivors represented only a small group of displaced persons.The Jewish people in the displaced person camps used the camps "to live in their old traditions, to speak Yiddish and to turn the camps into cultural centres with active religious lives" (Juliane Wetzel "Jewish Survivors in Germany after 1945" p.132).In the following years the military government of the Allies adopted a positive treatment of the Jews. The major goal was to...

Find Another Essay On What obstacles were there to the re-establishment of Jewish life in occupied Germany and in the two German states during the 1950s, and to what extent were they overcome?

What were Hitler's core ideas or assumptions? What were the methods used to implement them once he and the Nazi's had established the Nazi state in Germany?

692 words - 3 pages Hitler, in my opinion, had three core ideas. These ideas were racism (wanting a pure master race), Nationalism, and Anti Communism. It was these core ideas that gained the support of the German people. You can see many of Hitler's views incorporated into the German Workers' Party's Twenty-Five Point Programme.Non-Germans, sharing the land and businesses of the German people, was not acceptable to Hitler. He wanted Germany to house only German

Assess the degree to which African Americans were denied Civil and Human Rights in the southern states of the USA in the decades leading up to the 1950s.

1000 words - 4 pages subversive to preserve their so-called "white supremacy". The group re-ignited in the 1920's the anti-black, anti-Jewish, anti-Catholic and anti-socialist flames creating an environment of racial tension. The KKK used segregation and "scare tactics" to demoralise the black community in the south.Discrimination in the American South was very active and occurred in everyday life. A non-fiction source of life in America during the thirties is the book

To what extent were the policies of Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain motivated by religious considerations?

671 words - 3 pages however, differed somewhat to Isabella's in Aragon he held the Mudejars in high regard, as hard-working labourers and tenants - they were also held in high respect by the nobility, they saw them as peaceful and loyal especially during the Granada war. Ferdinand did not ask the Aragonese Mudejars to leave Aragon.The Granada kingdom was the last stronghold of the Moors. The query about the Granada war is: Was this war based on religion? Or was it

What consequences of typography did people fear the most? To what extent, in the 15th and 16th Centuries, were these fears justified?

1670 words - 7 pages In the early sixth century in Rome there was the practice of keeping a record of the lives of popes in what was known as Liber Pontificalis. "The orthodox collection of these lives was continued well into the Middle Ages and is a standard historical source, whose value for popes, from the late fifth century onwards particularly is well known" (O'Donnell 38). But these writings in Latin Christianity were confined to a well-educated, powerful

Cortés in America - how he got there, what he did, and what were the results

1342 words - 5 pages were many risks involved in continuing the trip. Many wanted to go back to Cuba because they have already obtained more gold than they had wished for, but Cortés ignored all the risks. The Spaniards founded the first settlement in Central America and named it Villa Rica de Vera Cruz. Cortés discovered that there were very many enemies of the Aztecs that he could unite. They could help him take over the Aztec Empire and then he could take

What were the methods the USSR used to impose their control over eastern Europe and how effective were they?

729 words - 3 pages The USSR's influence and domination of Eastern Europe during the 40's and the 50's of the previous century has left indisputable marks upon the region's economic, political and global status, evident still today. As to how this Soviet control was garnered and maintained, and the measure of effectiveness it had, there are two main time periods to examine, namely, Eastern Europe under Stalin, and destalinised Russia under Khrushchev. If control

What Influences did Rome have on modern society? This essay explains how they were living in a primitive era and managed to overcome it all through technological advances.

1314 words - 5 pages Roman roads were unique in several ways. They were the only roads of their kind until the1800's, not even the Renaissance employed this technology. During the Middle Ages, the streets weremud, which made cities look very unattractive. Roman roads added to the aura of the city and alsocommanded a certain respect that the mud roads in Europe just didn't have.The Roman city was completely unique in several ways. For starters, city design is what sets

Were Roosevelt's new deals responsible for getting the United States out of the Great Depression? If so to what extent

783 words - 3 pages Were Roosevelt's new deals responsible for getting the United States out of the Great Depression? If so to what extentFranklin D Roosevelt was elected as President of the United States in 1932 and he was dealt a very large task. He was elected during the time period of the great depression and the United States economy was very bad. Many believe it was Roosevelt who got the United States out of the great depression with his first and second new

Asian economic crises: What were the causes and consequences? To what extent does their occurrence relate to globalization?

1853 words - 7 pages inequality had increased in some countries for example in Thailand the income of the rich increased from 20.5% to 22.5%. In the Philippines saw the rich increase their income from 39.3% to 42.9%. Korea saw an increase from 22 to 24.5%. There was evidence of poverty in Indonesia, a rise of 11% during the years 1996-1997 to 14% in 1998-1999 and again there were reports that Korea had more ten doubled in poverty from 3 to 7.5%.Education faced budget cuts

To what extent were Soviet policies responsible for the outbreak and development of the Cold War between 1945-1949?

799 words - 3 pages the West zone which directly cost the East Germany a lot of skilled workers because they all fled to the West zone, the effect of the two causes listed previously above could not be neglected. Therefore, even though it was Stalin who started the blockade but it was not entirely his fault in doing so.From the reasons above, examined from military, economic and political point of views, the outbreak and development of the Cold War was not only the USSR's fault, but also the West. Therefore, the Soviets was responsible for it to only an extent.

To what extent were soviet policies responsible for the outbreak and development of the cold war between 1945, 1949?

620 words - 2 pages areas of Europe occupied by the Red Army, moved the frontier of the USSR westwards and gave Poland lands that the allies didn't agree. Stalin's actions and his wants made the West think Stalin was trying to make a huge communist empire. This marked a cooling in relations between the two sides.Between 1945 and 1948 communist regimes were established throughout Eastern Europe (Salami tactics). Albania (1945), Bulgaria (1945), Poland (1947), Hungary

Similar Essays

An Explanation Of The Major Problems The United States Faced In 1789, How They Were Overcome By 1800, And At What Cost.

697 words - 3 pages foreign countries. Hamilton had estimated that the states incurred a debt of about $25 million of which the United States had promised to reimburse several million dollars.The problems were overcome in several ways; first Washington successfully defended the territory, provided integrity, restored peace to the frontier, opened the Mississippi River, restarted trade with Europe, and kept the United States out of European conflicts. Since New

"In What Ways And To What Extent Were The Lives Of The British People Affected By The First World War?"

1340 words - 5 pages "In What ways and to what extent were the lives of the British people affected by the first world war?"The first world war began when Germany invaded Poland and during this war many things took place such as recruitment, conscription and objection, propaganda which is where people were influenced by the things around them, shortages and restrictions which was mainly rationing and women and the parts they played in the first world war.There were

"Women's Rights" The Essay Explains The Way Women In The Early 20th Century Were Segregated, And What They Did To Earn There Rights They Have Today.

555 words - 2 pages many acts were passes in their favor. In this essay I shall be discussing the many different requirements women went through during World War II, their postwar abilities, and the discussion of what the men in the past had against the women of today.The war's demand, the war had made the proposition to the women to do the man's work (Leahy, pg.35). Women were encouraged to take these jobs for the first time in history. To some it was a shock but to

What Were The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Nazi Rule For The German People Up To 1939?

927 words - 4 pages studies and eugenics! Boys were steered towards an acceptance of war, and girls were prepared for motherhood and housecraft. Another important aspect of school life for German children was that anti-Semitism was taught, and practised, in the classrooms!Women had a very restricted role in Germany. Their role was to stay home, look after the family, and to raise good Nazis. Many had to give up careers. Girls were brought up knowing what their role in