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What Kind Of Democracy? What Democracy Are We In ?

1241 words - 5 pages

This article "What kind of democracy" basically explains what does full democracy means and what are the two roots of democracy, liberal and tribal democracy. Full democracy means when a political system guarantees both civil (freedom of expression beliefs, etc.) and political liberties (rights to vote participate in government, etc.). In this reading the author gives a very clear and insight explanation of what makes a country liberal and what makes it tribal, he also addresses the advantages and disadvantages of both of these democracies. When a country is considered liberal democratic, it values the individual's thoughts and desires the most. In this kind of society no one (not the king nor the majority) has the right to tell others how to thin or act, on the other hand a tribal democratic country only gives the dominant group or the majority (usually men) the democratic rights such as voting. Tribalism excludes any minorities such as, women, slaves, or foreigners when making decisions as a state.Now a days our world is heading towards liberal democracy considering the fact that, liberalism will guarantee that citizen's rights comes first before state , it will help reinforce unchecked state power and religious dogma and also abolish political censorship , slavery , torture , women's and minority groups unequal rights. However, there is some criticism about liberalism that it often becomes a target for fascism, communism to destroy. It also takes very long to establish because democracies are traditionally more tribal than liberal and in past there are examples of liberalism where freedom was abused in some countries and eventually led to war. Considering all these disadvantages still a lot of countries are heading towards liberalism because its emphasis is on the absolute value of the individual and the universal applicability of the basic rights.In this reading the author has encouraged to spread and promote the idea of liberal democracy, by developing educational programs that teach liberal values to the population in new democracies or states that have not yet become politically democratic. This way, people would become more aware of the human rights that they deserve to have and more educated on the best form of democracy for them and their society. Also, the author believes that the human- right movements should be encouraged and enhanced so that new voices can be heard. But in order to change from tribalism to liberalism a revolution has to occur, keeping in mind the fact that in a tribal democracy decision makers are the minority, those who cannot make decisions are the majority. So, usually minority will fight back and want the ability to vote and be involved in government as well as have basic human rights and also because people who are part of the tribal democracy will not give others rights that easily because the have too much control already. So basically it takes time and often results in revolution if a country which is tribal...

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