What Were The Main Reasons Why The Us And The Ussr Moved To Detente In 1963 1975?

1401 words - 6 pages

The term Détente is referred to the period in Cold War when the tensions between the US and the USSR reduced. The Cold War was triggered in 1945 when the US dropped the two atomic bombs, Little Boy and Fat Man, on Hiroshima (August 6) and Nagasaki(August 9) respectively. In fact, even before 1945, the seeds of conflicts were already there despite the fact that they were allies in the Second World War. For instances, their different and contradicting ideologies (Capitalism vs. Communism), their resentments of history, their different aims in the conferences, were a few of the many causes of the Cold War. After the starting of the Cold War, the different events increased the tensions between the two Superpowers, for example the Berlin Blockade, however there was also a very short period of détente after the Korean War such as Khrushchev's secret speech in 1955. But the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 increased the tensions exponentially; the Third World War nearly broke out. Since their relation was in such a tension, why then did they move to détente in 1963-1975? Actually, there were many reasons, and they could be mainly examined from the US, the Soviets, and China.Détente was needed because both the US and the USSR were feared of the war that might break out betwixt them, since it would no longer be an ordinary war, but a nuclear war, which would very likely annihilate the whole human race, the mutually assured destruction. In July 16, 1945, the success of US in the Trinity Atomic Test marked the starting of a new era--the nuclear era. Merely 4 years after the America, on August 29, 1949, the USSR also successfully tested its atomic bombs. The US no longer had the monopoly in the nuclear bombs industry, if a war broke out between the US and the USSR, both could us the atomic bombs, and it was nearly a mutually assure destruction. Only a few years after this, both the US and the USSR got the Hydrogen Bombs. In October 1962, the confrontation between the two superpowers in Cuban Missile Crisis nearly escalated into a Third World War or the First Nuclear World War. When the Soviet ships with missiles on them approached the US blockade line in Cuba, people all around the world held their breath because of the anxiety. This was when they realized that their disagreements could only have a certain limit, they could not afford to have a nuclear war, else almost everyone on this planet would be destroyed. The movie "Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb" directed by Stanley Kubrick, released in 1964, was a comedy, drama and a thriller reflecting one of the possible outcomes to the human race if the nuclear war broke out. It was made a couple years after the Cuban Missile Crisis, which acted, in a way, as a resonance to the Crisis, and made the people realized the serious consequences a nuclear war between the two superpowers could have. Through this series of incidents, both the US and the USSR...

Find Another Essay On What were the main reasons why the US and the USSR moved to detente in 1963-1975?

What were the methods the USSR used to impose their control over eastern Europe and how effective were they?

729 words - 3 pages income, and industrial and military capacities only second to the US in the world. The Comecon committee headquarters were mainly set in Moscow and most of the officials within the group could attest to Soviet Union's controlling domination unto the partnering countries.Moreover, the military presence and pressure that Stalin placed on Eastern Europe only further accentuated the fear that these countries ought to have for the Russian Giant. The

To what extent were the mistakes of Stalin's opponents the main reason why he became leader?

983 words - 4 pages was the administrators, officials, appointees and politicians of which Stalin was a good example and controller. Stalin's opponent's mistakes were very important in Stalin's rise and are intertwined with Stalin's political ability so far that they are of equal value. The nature of the party organization led Stalin to be the most suitable successor to Lenin as all Stalin did in the end was use the structures set up by Lenin to control the party and beyond that the USSR.

How were Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge able to maintain power in Cambodia between 1975 and 1979?

2264 words - 9 pages Becker was present in 1978 to view Cambodia under Pol Pot's regime. She also provided accounts from civilians and top officials of the period. However, the accounts of Pol Pot himself are not provided - this in itself is a minor limitation.Section D: AnalysisPol Pot and the Khmer Rouge were able to stay in power between 1975 and 1979 due to a variety of reasons. The Khmer Rouge initially used propaganda to obtain the support of the Cambodian people

What were the economic reasons for collectivisation and was collectivisation an economic success in the 1930s?

722 words - 3 pages Collectivisation is a policy of creating larger farms by combining small farms with each other. This way the farmers would farm together rather than individually. The reasons for collectivisation were for the soviet agriculture, the food was needed to feed the workers in the cities, NEP (New Economic Policy) was not working for Russia, cash crops were needed. In the 1930s coollectivisation was not an economic success.In 1927 the Soviet

Kissinger's Involvement in Detente and the SALT Negotiations

1698 words - 7 pages Policy was the support he gave détente. Specifically during a period of almost three years, working tirelessly both in public and secretive talks, on May 26, 1972 he engineered the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, in which numerical limits were placed on the amount of nuclear weapons deemed acceptable . The goal of this treaty was to reduce and possibly eliminate the building of MIRV’s; multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles that

Louis XIV and Henry III Lived very simmilar lives. What were the main differences in their lives and what caused their kingdoms to be so different?

806 words - 3 pages . 7) "The Fronde has been compared with the contemporary civil war in England" (Pg. 5). The responsibilities these kings had to deal with were enormous. Their childhood's were considerably different compared to other kings, not only because they were orphans, but since they had many freedoms other princes did not. Their lives were carefree since there was nobody to reprimand them.Louis and Henry's individual personalities became apparent during

Federalist Republican debate; which policies were better for the US in that time period and why?

1282 words - 6 pages together. The plan would create a class of wealthy citizens who, because they were long-term creditors of the new national government, would be loyal to it and take an active interest in its affairs. As a consequence, the central government would be strong and able to finance wars or fund major national projects. In addition, the permanent debt, because its owners could readily convert it into money or other assets, would provide capital to meet

Often people try to consider the main reasons why people commit crimes.

2885 words - 12 pages Often people try to consider the main reasons why people commit crimes. All types of people commit crimes and for different reasons. Crime is unavoidable, and there are no places in the world that crime does not exist. These places would be perfect places and there are no perfect places in this world. Many times people think that crimes are done by "bad" people or people who are poor and have nothing therefore they resort to lives of crime but

McCarthyism and the Korean War's effect on Us, USSR relations.

593 words - 2 pages The Korean War and McCarthyism served as eye-openers to American society. They let the U.S. see what the Soviet Union, and Joseph Stalin really were--a totalitarian nation whose leader slaughtered millions of people.As World War II came to and end, the US and USSR were at a standoff. The two countries resembled one another very closely. They both conducted a kind of missionary diplomacy--trying to export all of their ideals to all other nations

Differences in thinking betwen the USSR in the East and the US and UK in the West.

570 words - 2 pages believed in individual. These differences of their ideologies created much tension between the West and the USSR and it was one of the reasons why the Cold War happened. The West and the US and UK in particular saw themselves as the upholders of liberal democracy and freedom. People could choose what kind of government they wanted. On the other side in USSR, Communist party was the only one and there was no need for different ones as it represents

Why did the USSR face a challenge to its authority in Hungary?

1887 words - 8 pages Union, but then failed to do so. Uprisings were occurring in other Soviet satellite states as well, and the USSR was having difficulty keeping control in some of the states in its sphere of influence, culminating in such events as the Hungarian Uprising. Numerous factors led to the challenging of Soviet power in Hungary, which resulted in the uprising, such as the economic conditions in Hungary, various political influences, and the social

Similar Essays

What Were The Main Reasons Why The Ussr And Us Moved To Detente Between 1963 1975?

1090 words - 4 pages states involved throughout the span of the Cold War years, had to change to adapt to a nuclear powered world and focus their attention on domestic concerns. The Cuban Missile Crisis, domestic concerns of both countries and the entry of China, as a powerful player in international politics, were among the main reasons why the US and the USSR moved to Détente between the twelve years in question.The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 18-29

What Were The Main Reasons For The Beginning Of The Cold War Between The Usa And The Ussr From 1945?

1784 words - 7 pages amount of distrust between countries worldwide. Rather than just the USA and the USSR, creating organisations for countries of similar beliefs, led to the involvement of a much larger group which had an impact on international relations. After the defeat of Germany and the Nazis in World War Two, there was much disagreement over what was to happen to the country and its people. Meetings at Potsdam and Yalta were held in 1945, shortly after the

How Did The 1975 Lebanese Civil War Start? What Were The Main Causes? What Were The Main Conflicting Ideologies?

712 words - 3 pages training and arming the Lebanese Forces: a global realignment of major Christian parties to form a new stronger right wing front. The Lebanese Forces allied with Israel to defeat a mutual enemy: the PLO in Lebanon. Then again, the USSR granted support to Arab nations leading the offensive against Israel such as Egypt, Iraq, and Syria. Egypt was the strongest ally of the left wing front in the region. Some countries such as USA and Israel surpassed

What Were The Main Reasons For The Bolshevic Takeo

1200 words - 5 pages One of the main reasons for the Bolshevik take over of Russia was the war situation which effectively ground everything to a halt. This is shown in source E where Kerensky is appealing to the troops and he makes a speech saying that the country was 'in danger', what he means by this is that the rule of the Provisional Government is in danger and that people must do what they can to protect it, however he does not mean that there is any threat of