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What Were The Main Causes Of The Revolution In March 1917 In Russia

2440 words - 10 pages

What were the main causes of the revolution in March 1917? The revolution of March 1917 wasn't just a sudden event that happened and was planned over night, there were many causes, long and short term that finally brought out the peoples strength.There were many long-term reasons for the Russian people being dissatisfied. The people weren't being governed properly. This was because Russia was full of many different races and social classes and it was a very large empire, almost twice the size of China! If any riots were taking place a long way from St Petersburg, (the capital), it would be very difficult for the Tsar and his forces to reach them and control them in time. To try and solve the great problem of its size, an enormous railway was built. It starts in St Petersburg in the northwest and finishes in southeast Russia in Vladivostock. It was called the Trans-Siberian railway.The largest social class in Russia at this time were the poor. 80% were peasants and 4% were urban workers. Until 1861 the peasants had been serfs owned by masters, but they had been freed and allocated a share of land, which they could buy using money loaned from the government. Poverty was very easy to recognise. Bare feet, tatty, dirty clothes, filthy skin and housed in small thatched cottages. Peasants had very few possessions and usually quite a large family to feed. A horse would probably be the only working help and would be fed with straw from the roof in the winter. The roads were dirt tracks with no pavements and their beds were thin sacks. Peasants were ill, weak and hungry. There was hardly enough food to go round; water was dirty making disease spread quickly.The main problem for peasants was land. There was just not enough to go round. The loans from the government took years to pay off, and the amount of land allocated to each peasant family was barely enough to live on. Many peasants fell into a crushing debt.All this made the peasants angry, the landowners and nobles had kept so much of the land and still had large estates. Many worked there to earn extra money too. Many just wanted enough of there own land to farm. The situation was getting worse by the 1900's. The population had grown by 50% and was still increasing. This created more competition.The urban workers lived and worked in the towns. Many of the workers were young male peasants who had been forced off the land. More jobs were now needed.In the industrial centres away from the cities, the workers lived in barracks next to the factory. Inside, up to 30 workers slept in each dormitory, or in minute rooms, small families slept. They were divided by small partitions, giving no privacy. Illness, smells, arguments, sex "" nothing could be hidden. Most factories were working 24 hours a day. Two workers slept in one bed, one on the day shift; the other on the night.Life in the back streets of Russia's cities was very different for the men and women who worked in the new industries. They lived in...

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