What is justice, according to Plato justice is the duty of an individual to carry out their purpose or duty in relation to their placement in society. Farmers will farm, builders will build, and so on. One must do work for the good of the people as a whole and each individual is to do the task that is directly related to their class, and Only that task. Farmers should not paint, painters should not build and only rulers should rule.
A question asked is when do people decide to act justly, is it when they feel they will be rewarded for their deed, or is it to avoid the punishment that comes from avoiding a given task, or perhaps they act in such a way because it is what is expected of them? There are differences between a just society and a just individual due to this. The Just society bends to serve the whole of the community, all of the people; the Just individual aims to fulfill themselves and only themselves.
Plato explains that our world is set into two separate realms, the visible is the one we can grasp with out senses (sight, touch, taste, sound) and the non-visible, or intelligible one is the realm we can grasp with thought. The visible is our physical universe, the intelligible is made up of many things such as the concept of beauty or god. Justice in itself is something worth striving for, in the mind being Just can create a sense of fulfillment and can bring the soul health and happiness whilst an unjust soul is withered and tortured. He attempts to show that justice is followed by pleasure, however, only a philosopher’s pleasure is any real pleasure at all.
It is also said that justice is knowing that the good implies the good. For Plato the most important element of ruling is intelligence and rationality and thus the wisest person should be the one to rule. Justice is achieved by the harmony of three elements, one being wisdom, the others being courage and self control.
On the note of justice there was an occurrence Wednesday, October 9th of this year that seems to me to be the definition of being unjust. A woman known as Nancy Salgado, who had been a loyal employee at a McDonalds fast food restaurant for over ten years, was arrested after confronting the president of the company about the low wages. She was unable to afford shoes and could not buy food for herself and her children.
Nancy explained to The Real News that she felt the need to speak out during the company president’s speech at the Union League Club of Chicago in hopes of convincing him to give her a well deserved raise...