This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Justice In The Orestia. A Look At The Contrasting Views Of Justice In Greece, And The Transition To A Deliberative For Of Justice.

1437 words - 6 pages

Aeschylus is primarily concerned with the nature of justice. In the trilogy The Oresteia, the Akhaians evolve from an older, more primitive autocratic form of justice, to a new concept of civil justice devised by Athena. He confronts the contrast between the old and new orders, the lives of the members of the House of Atreus, and the serious moral questions that Orestes' crime presents.The case against Orestes is strong. The son admits to striking down his mother, in violation of the sacred tenant of kinship. 'But I came back, my years of exile weathered--killed the one who bore me, I won't deny it, killed her in revenge.' (Eumenides lines 476-478) This shows that Orestes was fully aware of the act he was committing, that he willfully committed it, and that he must suffer for it. The bond between mother and child was broken when Orestes murdered Clytaemnestra. Marriage, arguably, is a tenant of Zeus and the Olympians. In the old order of things, family is by blood only. A husband and wife have no blood relation, yet the son is of the same blood as his parents. The Furies right to vengeance cannot be dismissed.Clytaemnestra is one who upheld the laws of the Furies. Agamemnon's murder of Iphegenia at Aulis was pure outrage. 'Yes he had the heart to sacrifice his daughter , to bless the war...' (Agamemnon lines 222-223) Agamemnon killed his own blood relation in order to sail for Troy. This too, is a terrible crime, seemingly of the same weight as Orestes' act. Clytaemnestra believed she was justified in avenging her daughter, because her husband violated a sacred tenant of the old gods. 'Here is Agamemnon, my husband made a corpse by this right hand--a masterpiece of justice. Done is done.' (Agamemnon lines 1429-1431) This shows a clear morality behind Clytaemnestra's motives. She appears to have justification for her actions. The curse on the House of Atreus is fulfilled. In the last lines of Agamemnon the chorus foreshadows Orestes' return. Clytaemnestra responds by saying to her new husband, 'We will set the house in order once for all.' (Agamemnon lines 1708) The chorus's purpose for suggesting Orestes's return is to show that the house is not yet cleansed of the curse..Like his mother, Orestes possesses what he believes to be a just motive for revenge. Unlike his mother, however, Orestes has reservations about killing. He does not wish to strike down his mother, but realises that he must. The defense of Orestes is rooted in the fact that Apollo ordered him to do so. Orestes trusts Apollo's guidance at his trial. 'Apollo will never fail me, no, his tremendous power, his oracle charges me to see this trial through.' (Libation Bearers lines 273-275) Orestes believes that he is justified in avenging his god-honoured father, who was so brutally murdered by his mother. This cycle of blood in the House of Atreus appears as if it will continue forever.This cycle of violence leads the gods to search for a different solution. If the society of Greece is...

Find Another Essay On Justice in the Orestia. A look at the contrasting views of justice in Greece, and the transition to a deliberative for of justice.

Justice in A View from the Bridge

1617 words - 6 pages their own desires for justice, they fail to look for a higher principle of justice separate from their own feelings, and this is what leads to conflict. There are numerous instances in the play when justice and the law feature: The story of Vinny Bolzano is an example of how someone obeying the law (as Vinny technically was when he informed on his uncle) is actually doing something unjust. However then Eddie tells his family of the

Justice. Explores the notion of justice as well as the absolute justice in any given situation

790 words - 3 pages freedom.A man, late for work, rushes out of his house. In his hurry, he fails to notice a figure waiting in the bushes. He is stopped by this unknown, robbed, and brutally murdered. True Justice in this case would have been if this man had been free to go to work freely, without being stopped, and without being murdered. This situation can be just only if the man had been left alone. He should have the freedom to live his life as he chooses, but that

A Glitch in the Justice System

2315 words - 9 pages of lethal injection is not used in all fifty states, so therefore not every murderer gets the needle as a punishment. Equal Justice USA reported that "in 2012, over three-quarters [of] all executions took place in just four states” (Fair and Equal). This illustrates lethal injection being unjust because if it is going to be used a punishment for criminals, it needs to be used by every state. It is not fair that one murderer gets to keep his

A Glitch in the Justice System

1867 words - 8 pages injection should still be abolished because in America the "laws and criminal justice system should lead [its people] to higher principles that demonstrate a complete respect for life, even the life of a murderer" (“Retribution in Opposition”). This means that America should be the better person and show its people that killing an individual is never right. Even the people that choose to take another person life. Secondly, lethal injection provides

Justice. I defined justice using the synoptic gospels as a means to arrive at a definition

4523 words - 18 pages paper. My aim is toillustrate the specific questions of justice as they pertain to The Gospels of Matthew,Mark and Luke (commonly referred to as the synoptic gospels). In this attempt, mycritical first step is to place the three gospels within the historical context of theirwriting. A summary of the text will follow. I shall focus on a coherent set of eventscommon to all three works, but will also account for some discrepancies between thestory

Justice in the Oresteia

573 words - 2 pages In ancient Greece, justice was very simple: there were a set of rules that everyone had to abide by, and if there was any question about the rules, one simply went to Delphi to ask the gods. Personal and global justice play a large role in the storyline of Aeschylus’ Oresteia. Throughout Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers, and the Eumenides, several characters act based on their own perceptions of justice.In Agamemnon, Agamemnon, king of Argos

Justice in the World

911 words - 4 pages When the question is asked 'Can we live in a just world?' In effect it is asking us a variety of things. 'Can there be justice for all?' and 'Can there be equality for all people?'. The answer to this question is no.Unfortunately we live in a world where justice has never really transpired. The first justice that I would like to speak about is personal justice.Blessed are those reared in a household innocence of the deadly sin of envy. Their

Little Justice in The Juvenile Justice System

808 words - 4 pages crimes, then they should be able to do the time. These children are in control of their actions, it’s not like someone is controlling their minds and making them do these things. “Justice demands that juvenile courts be abolished—if juveniles are tried in adult courts, they will be afforded their full array of constitutional rights” (cliffs notes) This is ’Murrrrrricaaa, we will serve these criminals and nice juicy piece of justice! There was a kid

Justice in the Eye of the Beholder

954 words - 4 pages of justice is what prevents there ever being a definitive answer as to what constitutes justice." Page 3 The theme of justice seems to be more simple in some of the world's ancient literature. In The Bible, justice is a punishment from God for immoral behavior. In Genesis 18, God destroyed the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah as a consequence of the wicked ways of its people. Abraham, however, did not see the justice in God's actions: "Will you

A look at the How and Why of Adultery in Ancient Greece

1222 words - 5 pages between the two. But if a woman wasn’t emotionally satisfied at home, it could push her towards this act and that’s why she’d face automatic divorce. The motivations for the man involved are less clear, but could be trying to establish dominance over the other male to his falling in love with the married woman himself. Overall, I found this chapter an interesting look into the laws of society as they pertain to adultery, and how that society then

The Theme of Justice in The Crucible

2843 words - 11 pages play. This is called an allegory. In the 50’s McCarthyism was the suppression of communism. Anyone accused of being a communist would be put into prison. Anyone who criticized the government was brought before the court and asked to name people they had seen at communist meetings. Arthur Miller did not agree with the system and wanted to get his views across. If he wrote a play about Senator McCarthy and his justice systems faults then he

Similar Essays

Themes Of Deception And Justice In "The Orestia" And "Leda And The Swan"

1496 words - 6 pages birds, have external genitals" (1). Thus, the swan is a perfect animal for such a hideous crime as Zeus performs on Leda.In The Orestia, Clytemnestra's can be seen as deceitful. Instead of physical deceitfulness as in Leda and the Swan, she uses words to trick her husband. She talks about her love for him and says that she has laid out this great tapestry for him to walk on because of his greatness. It is clear to the audience that she does not love

The Instances Of Injustice And Justice In To Kill A Mocking Bird And Silas Marner

3448 words - 14 pages people are shown in a better light, their main characteristics being generous, kind and honest. This is shown at the trial when the black spectators sit quietly as opposed to the white people's unruly behaviour. This is supported by the following quote referring to the church within the black community paid for from the first earnings of freed slaves: " Negroes worshiped in it on Sundays and white men gambled in it on

Welfare Reform In The Usa, A Matter Of Justice

1677 words - 7 pages property. But from there, their views differ.One of the main points in the Justice as Fairness theory, is the Principal of Difference. Rawls states that all positions within a society should be open to all. Everyone should have an equal chance of getting to any position within reason. He also states that wealth should be distributed to everyone based on their contributions. The owner who puts up capital for the business, the manager who has the

Racial Disparities In The Criminal Justice System The Purpose For Creation Of Legal Systems In The World Is To Pursue Justice. Pursuance Of Justice Re

1258 words - 5 pages enforce fair application of the law in order to realize justice for all; both black and white. Reports have it that court processes are biased always to the detriment of the blacks. This is a clear indication of a clear racial disparity. Many are the times when blacks have had to bear the brute of harsh sentences simply because they are black. In addition, court processes are said to be prolonged thus delaying justice to the defendants, some of