Today juvenile justice consists of state policies, laws, agencies, and programs designed to address the needs of minors, and to hold juveniles and their parents accountable for their actions. Called the balanced approach, present day juvenile justice attempts to protect juveniles and guide them toward productive lives, while holding them accountable for their actions and protecting public safety. Both treatment and punishment are meted out by the juvenile court. Each state and local court operates somewhat differently, but most are engaged in activities to prevent child abuse and delinquency, to refer parents to services in the community to aid them in supervising and parenting their ...view middle of the document...
• In1995, courts with juvenile jurisdiction handled an estimated 1,714,300 cases, representing a seven percent increase over the 1994 caseload.
• Delinquency offences are acts committed by juveniles that could result in criminal prosecution when committed by an adult (Soulier, M. F., & Scott, C. L., 2010).
• Between 1986 and 1995, the number of delinquency cases processed by the United States juvenile courts increased by forty-five percent.
This analysis provides some valuable insight into the nature and motivation of juvenile
crime. In particular, it confirms that when juveniles are not provided with a supervised
environment, they are likely to engage in anti-social behavior that manifests itself in increased
property crime. However, it also suggests that the degree of interaction among youth plays a
significant role in the level of juvenile violence, highlighting the potentially volatile nature of
juvenile interactions and the social nature of juvenile violent crime. However, the results suggest that such policies have important tradeoffs in relation to personal or violent crime. Because they increase the concentration of young people in certain locations, they run the risk of raising the number of altercations that turn violent. It is important to note that the absolute magnitude of the effects are small, estimates suggest that lengthening the school year by one day will lead to a decrease of 0.29 property crimes and an increase of 0.25 violent crimes in a city with a population of 120,000 even though the relative (percent) effects are sizeable. Nonetheless, these findings suggest policymakers might consider designing smaller, neighborhood-based programs that incorporate conflict resolution components or otherwise carefully structure the interactions.
Although their numbers have increased, females remain a relatively small proportion of the delinquency caseload nationwide. Juvenile courts handled 464,700 cases involving females in 2005, more than twice the 1985 number. In comparison, the number of cases involving males in 2005 (1,233,200) was just 32% more than the 1985 number. As a result of these trends, the female proportion of the delinquency caseload has risen steadily, from 19% in 1985 to 27% in 2005.
One of the few indisputable facts in the study of juvenile crime is that young females are far less likely than males to violate the law and become involved in the juvenile justice system. In recent years, however, many people have come to believe that the problem of female delinquency is growing faster than the problem of male delinquency.
• In 1993, U.S. law enforcement agencies made an estimated 570,100 arrests involving females under the age of eighteen.
• Between 1985 and 2005 the number of arrests involving females juveniles increased by almost twenty-three percent compared with an eleven percent increase in arrests of male juveniles.
• The female proportion of all juvenile arrests grew from twenty-one...