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Juvenile Delinquency Essay

3598 words - 15 pages

Arnie, who has been recommended to from part of a group home where other juvenile delinquents are living, is an unmanageable thirteen years old boy. In the past weeks, Arnie committed a great variety of delinquent activities: thefts, vandalism, bully, and try to kill her mother. Arnie’s mother states that he was manageable when his father, who committed domestic violence against her, was in home. When Arnie was eight years old, his delinquent behavior started by stole a cassette player in an electronic’ store (Santrock, J. W. 2012). As Arnie a lot of adolescents are committing somewhat juvenile delinquency or merely misbehaving. For instance, in 1999, the Uniform Crime Report (UCR) states that 16% of all persons arrested for committed violent crime index were under eighteen years old. Furthermore, 32% of all the property crime index committed were performed by juveniles (Snyder, H. N. 2001). So, it is a serious issue that should be prevented in childhood and/or intervened through mental health treatment planned under the knowledge of the bio-psychosocial risk factors.
In criminology, juvenile delinquency is used to describe socially unaccepted behavior, criminal acts, and status offenses. The law states that to be considerate as a juvenile is necessary to have certain age. These ages vary from one states to others, but almost the three quarter of the states in United States has established eighteen as its limit (Santrock, J. W. 2012). Even though for the least on time in their life all adolescent behave in a harmful way or are unmanageable, the label “delinquent” is exclusive for those who commit criminal acts. Otherwise, those children, who misbehave, are diagnostic with a conduct disorder. The feature of juvenile’s delinquents are the same that abnormal behavior such as antisocial disorder and conduct disorder (Santrock, J. W. 2012). In other words, juvenile delinquency term is use only to talk about legal issue, while conduct and antisocial disorder is use to describe the same problem in psychological terms.
Legally, juvenile delinquency’s criminal offenses is classified such as index offenses and status offenses. On the one hand, index offenses is criminal acts that are performed either by adults or juveniles (Santrock, J. W. 2012). It is also known as crime index. Index offense is split into two different categories: violence crime and property crime. Murders and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rapes, robberies, and aggravated assaults are considered as violence crime. On the other hand, property crime is when they commit property burglary, larceny-theft, or arson.
On the other hand, status offense, which is less serious misbehavior, can be commitment only by juveniles, (Santrock, J. W. (2012). Those inappropriate behavior are not see by the law as criminal acts, but it is considerate illegal because juveniles do not have enough ages to act on this way (Kendall, J. R. 2007). Running away from home, truancy, underage drinking, sexual...

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