Juvenile Justice Essay

1927 words - 8 pages

A good deal of research has noted major disparities in the extent of involvement of minority youth, particularly black youth compared with white youth, in the juvenile justice system. The existence of disproportionate racial representation in the juvenile justice system raises questions about the fundamental fairness and equality of treatment of these youth by the police, courts, and other personnel connected with the juvenile justice system. Furthermore, what happens to youth in their dealings with the juvenile justice system may have substantial consequences for subsequent developments on this issue in the future. This report is designed to bring together divergent streams of research and scholarly discourse in an attempt to highlight some key issues and to move the field ahead by suggesting useful ways of thinking about race, juvenile crime, and the juvenile justice system in the future.There is considerable confusion and variation in the meanings of terms used to examine and describe the racial disparity in the juvenile justice system. This confusion has contributed to the tendency to attribute all racial differences in juvenile justice outcomes to prejudice and bigotry. Therefore, it is important to define the terms being used in this report. Disparity and disproportionate will refer to situations in which minority group members are either under or over represented relative to their proportion in the general population. There is no determined and unanimous judgment about the causes of the disparities. They may stem from differences in actual behavior, or from decision making within the juvenile justice system, including legitimate and extralegal factors.Concerns about the overrepresentation of minority youth in secure confinement have long been noted, and much research has been devoted to this issue. It is only within the past decade or so, however, that national attention has been directed to the impact of race on juvenile justice decision-making in regards to confinement. In the 1988 amendments to the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, (Pub. L. No. 93-415, 42 U.S.C. 5601 et seq.) Congress required that Massachusetts, which was participating in the Formula Grants Programs, determine if disproportionate minority confinement exists and, if so, demonstrate efforts to reduce it or risk losing future funding eligibility tied to state compliance (Walker, Spohn & DeLone, 2004).Although black youth represented approximately 15 percent of the Massachusetts population between the ages of 10-17 in 1999, they represented 26 percent of all the juvenile arrests, 30 percent of delinquency referrals to juvenile court, 45 percent of pre-adjudication decisions, 33 percent of petitioned delinquency cases, 46 percent of cases judicially waived to adult criminal court, and 40 percent of juveniles in public long-term institutions (Hamparian, 1999). Thus, the proportion of blacks under supervision of the juvenile or adult criminal...

Find Another Essay On Juvenile justice

Juvenile Justice Policy Reform Essay

991 words - 4 pages Juvenile Justice Policy ReformIt is a disturbing fact that the number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts increased 43% between 1985 and 2000 (Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention, 2000). According to Snyder (2000), "Delinquency offences are acts committed by juveniles that would be crimes if committed by adults." (OJJDP, 2000). Here is the question to discuss. What causes these youth to behave the way to get involved in

Juvenile Justice System Essay

1708 words - 7 pages The juvenile justice system is a foundation in society that is granted certain powers and responsibilities. It faces several different tasks, among the most important is maintaining order and preserving constitutional rights. When a juvenile is arrested and charged with committing a crime there are many different factors that will come in to play during the course of his arrest, trial, conviction, sentencing, and rehabilitation process. This

Juvenile Justice in USA

869 words - 3 pages Juvenile JusticeThe Juvenile Justice System as it typically functions in America's thousands of jurisdictions is the subject that will be covered. The Juvenile Justice System is defined as that 'sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private agents, agencies, laws, rules, and policies

Race and Juvenile Justice

1534 words - 7 pages Race and Juvenile Justice addresses the correlation between race, juvenile delinquency, and justice. Through various essays addressing historical backgrounds, part one discusses racial disparities regarding the juvenile delinquency of White, Latino, Black, Asian American, and Native American youth. Part two explores significant issues such as domestic violence, gang involvement, the application of the death penalty to juveniles, disproportionate

American Juvenile Justice System

2290 words - 10 pages The American criminal justice system is comprised of criminal courts, correctional facilities, and law enforcement officials. Each of these components also make up the juvenile justice system but the operations of each differs with juveniles than with adults who are suspected of committing criminal acts. A juvenile offender is an individual under a certain age who is suspected of having committed a crime or a status offense. A status offense

America's Juvenile Justice System

3719 words - 15 pages The Juvenile Justice system, since its conception over a century ago, has been one at conflict with itself. Originally conceived as a fatherly entity intervening into the lives of the troubled urban youths, it has since been transformed into a rigid and adversarial arena restrained by the demands of personal liberty and due process. The nature of a juvenile's experience within the juvenile justice system has come almost full circle from being

The Canadian Juvenile Justice System

1131 words - 5 pages three justice acts in the history of Canadian juvenile justice system, the 1908 Juvenile Delinquents Act, the 1982 Young Offenders Act, and the 2003 Youth Criminal Justice Act. In Canada, the judicial system and the principle of these laws have been debated for a long time. This paper will discuss how these three laws were defined and why one was replaced by another. Before 1908, the nature of the developing society caused children at risk to

Juvenile Justice- Helpful or harmful?

1586 words - 6 pages factors as a measure when making conclusions about the detention of juveniles prior to ruling. This article discusses the features of the Juvenile Justice process. The Juvenile Justice process is the use of pre-adjudicatory detention, where the court officials come to a conclusion as to whether a mentioned juvenile is to be placed in protective custody, in a detention facility, jail or released to the custody of parents or legal guardians. Cohen

Both sides of juvenile justice

3334 words - 13 pages jurisdictions, but court decisions based on the due process guarantees of the U.S. Constitution require that specific steps be taken in the administration of criminal justice so that the individual will be protected from undue intervention from the State.The description of the criminal and juvenile justice systems that follows portrays the most common sequence of events in response to serious criminal behavior.To contentsFor statistics on this subject

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

2261 words - 9 pages : US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Matsueda, R. L. (1982). Testing control theory and differential association: A causal modeling approach. American sociological review, 489-504. Matsueda, R. L., & Anderson, K. (1998). The dynamics of delinquent peers and delinquent behavior*. Criminology, 36(2), 269-308. Snyder, J., Dishion, T. J., & Patterson, G. R. (1986). Determinants and consequences of associating with deviant peers during preadolescence and adolescence. The Journal of Early Adolescence. Warr, M. (1996). Organization and instigation in delinquent groups*. Criminology, 34(1), 11-37.

The United States Juvenile Justice System.

868 words - 3 pages what is known as the juvenile justice system. The juvenile justice system wants to keep citizens safe and rehabilitate delinquent youth and increase the competency of the juvenile offender and mold them into law abiding, tax paying citizens. Meeting these responsibilities has been the goal of the system since it was first implemented.However, the juvenile justice system had a dramatic change in the early 1990s. Serious juvenile crimes were on

Similar Essays

Juvenile Justice. Essay

3128 words - 13 pages THESIS STATEMENT: The Great and General Court of Massachusetts has erred in reforming the juvenile justice system by implementing policies and procedures that will harm juveniles and place society at risk.On July 23, 1995, an intruder brutally attacked and stabbed Janet Downing approximately 100 times in her Somerville home. The revolting Downing murder and ensuing arrest of Edward O'Brien Jr., a 15-year-old juvenile whom prosecutors say

Juvenile Justice Essay

869 words - 3 pages What Happened to Juvenile Justice?      There is a great deal of controversy over the trying and sentencing of juvenile offenders today. Many will argue that because the severity of Juvenile crimes has risen, the severity of its consequences should rise; however, no matter how serious the crime is, juvenile offenders tried as adults receive far worse than they deserve. The majority of Juveniles tried as adults are

Juvenile Justice Essay

651 words - 3 pages Juvenile JusticeLionel Tate, the youngest person in American history to be sentenced to life in prison, was recently released on the terms of 1-year house arrest and 10 years probation. After serving 3 years in the Okeechobee Juvenile Offenders Correction Facility, Judge Joel T. Lazarus released Tate on his own recognizance. He will now plead guilty to charges of 2nd degree murder.Tate served as an example of the direction our justice system has

Juvenile Justice Essay

1086 words - 4 pages educational success, student who are problem reasserts are at high risk of being held back and dropping out of school (Siegel, p.6).(SLO#2) - Compare landmark juvenile justice case law
The first curfew law was created in Omaha, Nebraska 1880, and today about 500 U.S. cities have curfews for teenage youth (Siegel, p.26). Curfews don't allow children under the age of 18 from being on the streets after 11p.m during the week and after midnight on