Juvenule Crime Models Essay

1355 words - 5 pages

There are many issues with crime and violence in the United States, but very few are more controversial than the issue of juveniles in crime. How are juveniles getting involved in crime? What is causing America’s youth to do things that their parents should’ve instilled as morally wrong? What are ways to control and possibly eliminate these issues that affect the way we live? For the past century, criminologists have been studying juvenile related crime and a few theories have come up. These theories have, in the mid to late 20th century, been shaped into models. There are three main models dealing with juvenile crime and violence that will be gone over in pages to follow of this paper: Noninterventionist Model, Rehabilitation Model, and Crime Control Model. In this paper, the reader will see what each model discusses, and how they apply to today’s youth. At the end each model’s description, the reader will learn what I personally think about how the specific model would work. Being a recently turned 20 year-old, I feel I can give an accurate view of how, or if, the crime model would work. Living in both extremely rural(Mokane Missouri), and very urban(St Louis) has taught me a great deal about what really goes on in a juvenile’s head, and what sorts of actions would truly help to decrease crime rates among juveniles. I will give examples from the readings of chapter 13 of Making Sense of Criminal Justice: Policies and Practices, and I’ll conclude with my opinion of which model I believe works best to cope with juvenile crime.
The first crime control model is the Noninterventionist Model. This model has the idea that youths tend to adopt the habits of the labels they are given.
“The noninterventionist model is based on the premise that labeling youths as offenders reinforces their perceptions of themselves as delinquents, and this label may influence their future behavior.” (Mays and Ruddell, Pg 279).

The main goal in this model is to label an offender as a bad person and in time the youth will decide to follow rules and regulations, as opposed to punishing them directly. This has flaws because, obviously, some juveniles are going to ignore the law and some people aren’t going to let these youths take the time to mold into law abiding citizens.
“The principle underlying this approach is to do nothing and trust that, over the long term, the young person will assume law-abiding behaviors. However, it is notoriously difficult to do nothing when confronted with a crime, or any other problem.” (Mays and Ruddell, Pg 280).

Looking at this model through the eyes of a juvenile, one would be able to see that the model could work under certain circumstances. As a kid growing up in a tiny town, at a school where everyone knows everyone, if a juvenile was labeled as a criminal, in most cases, they wouldn’t try to keep being mischievous. Their parents, teacher, and coaches would do everything to get them out of that rut and they would lead on very...

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